Lumbar sciatica: symptoms, treatment, medication and folk remedies
Sciatica: symptoms and treatment
Sciatica (or radiculopathy) is a symptom that is caused by irritation of the spinal roots.
Because the lumbar and sacral divisions are very mobile and are exposed to the biggest, compared to other groups, the bones of the spine, stress, characterized by pain complains about a huge number of people (less than 10 % of the total population).
The true nature of sciatica are often unknown to non-specialists.
At the same time, despite the severe discomfort and pain, many do not seek qualified help and try to cope with the problem than ultimately greatly worsen their condition.
Particularly violations of the
The spinal cord is located inside the vertebral column, which, in turn, is divided into several departments.
Many people at the mention of sciatica imagine just typical back pain, which is not entirely correct. As a result of various pathologies of the nerve roots can be irritated in any part of the spine, which is also diagnosed thoracic and cervical radiculopathy.
However, the lumbar and sacral divisions are the highest loads, so it is most likely to occur damage to bones and joints.
Sciatica is a symptom of a number of diseases, and not an independent pathology. In this regard, the treatment of radiculopathy is meaningless.
Perhaps due to the anesthetics or removed, inflammation will come temporary relief, but eventually the problem will not be solved. Incorrect understanding of the nature of sciatica also makes it impossible for the diagnosis and treatment of this pathology.
Usually for radiculopathy complain about people middle-aged and older, as well as those whose work involves carrying heavy loads or prolonged exposure to the cold.
Causes of lumbosacral radiculopathy
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In a healthy organism, the nerve roots are protected from outside influence. With the development of pathologies of the strands of the spinal cord can be irritated or squeezed, causing the characteristic pain in the joints.
Causes effects on the spinal roots are very different:
- muscle spasms and swelling of tissues caused by inflammation, compress the axons of nerve cells;
- as a result of injuries violated the natural protective structure of the body;
- due to the destruction of intervertebral disks zaselyalsya nerve roots;
- growths and other tumors first annoying thread of the spinal cord, and then fully compress them.
Most often accompanies sciatica low back pain. Syndrome of characteristic malformations, hernias, infectious and sexually transmitted diseases (including influenza, brucellosis, syphilis, gonorrhea), malignancies.
Symptoms and diagnosis of the disease
The main symptom of sciatica is a sharp sudden pain in the lower back or the back of the thigh.
Depending on the nature and extent of injury of the spinal cord roots severe discomfort can occur in the leg, buttock, foot or even the entire lower body. In addition to or instead of pain you may feel numbness or cold.
Because pain symptoms are not always localized in the lumbosacral, accurate diagnosis is difficult, therefore, to further carry out the following tests:
- the patient lies back and raises the straightened leg, then the discomfort intensifies on the back of the thigh, buttocks and lower back;
- when you try to sit up from the supine position, the patient bends the reflex of the limb;
- if you abruptly tilt your head forward, discomfort in the leg and in the lumbar region increase.
Often in certain locations of the body the pain diminishes, so patients can move, sit and sleep in unnatural positions.
With the development of the underlying pathology to get rid thus from discomfort will become harder and harder. Also, the discomfort increases with the muscle tension (lifting heavy weights, coughing or sneezing).
Depending on the nature and course of the main disease symptom of lumbar sciatica can have seasonal exacerbation (usually fall and winter) appear once or accompany the patient as long as he will not complete the course of treatment.
Features of therapy
Specific treatments depend on the disease, which is accompanied by lumbar sciatica. In this regard, therapy is always preceded by a thorough examination of the patient.
Often, as a means of radiculopathy using different ointments with anesthetic, and warming up effect (a huge contribution to their popularity is making advertisement in mass media).
Since in this case the real pathology is unknown, such a treatment can not only improve health, but to provoke complications.
The goal of treatment is elimination of the underlying disease. Without it sciatica could return at a later time, and to eliminate the progression of the pathology is very difficult.
The complex of measures for treatment of sciatica include the following methods:
- surgically removes the tumor, restored or replaced by an implant damaged bone or intervertebral discs;
- medical treatment needed to stop the development of infection and inflammation;
- through physical get rid of muscle spasms and eliminate the cause of pain;
- sessions of physiotherapy to relax and strengthen muscles.
Funds from the people in the traditional
Treatment of lumbar sciatica at home folk remedies can be used alongside traditional medicine to the grandma’s methods are rather effective, well warm up and relax muscles and relieve pain.
However, mandatory to consult your doctor and a thorough diagnosis, because otherwise the possible complications of the main pathology and (or) allergic reactions.
Therapy can take place in a hospital or on an outpatient basis, depending on the underlying disease. Nevertheless during active phase of treatment, the patient must comply with bed rest.
To prevent additional irritation of the spinal cord roots, you can pull the affected area with a tight bandage or wear a special corset.
Complications and dangers
If we consider only symptoms of lumbar radiculitis, first bouts of illness will be isolated, then their frequency will increase until symptoms become permanent.
In the early stages of the discomfort go away or after using the primitive tools (e.g., self-made warming ointments). Then pain can be remove only by using a strong anesthetic.
Perhaps initially the disease will not interfere with normal life, but the development of the underlying pathology is almost certainly confined the patient to bed.
If the symptom is accompanied by disease of the joints, the accumulation of sediments or destruction of the relevant tissue mobility of the bone joints will be reduced, and the periodic irritation of the spinal nerve roots replaced their entire incarceration.
Malignant neoplasms progressive causes necrosis of tissues. If the necrosis will lead to failure of vital organs, will die. The spread of the infection can have the same effect.
Sciatica is accompanied by dangerous disease, complete cure is not always possible (especially tumors of the spine).
In this regard one should be mindful of their health, not to neglect preventive measures and in case of any discomfort consult doctor.
Congenital abnormalities are the easiest to repair in early childhood. As they grow older, joints lose flexibility, besides therapy is difficult, when the skeleton is completely formed.
Treatment of injuries should not be limited only to bed routine and wearing special bandages or orthopedic corsets. After the ligaments and the bones grow together, it is necessary to complete a full course of rehabilitation.
The back is easy enough to chill and cause inflammation. For this reason, you should dress according to the weather.
If work involves long exposure to the cold, you can further protect yourself from sciatica special insulated belt.
Diseases of joints prevent proper diet, adherence of the day, moderate physical activity, prophylactic administration of drugs, restores the metabolic processes in the body and stimulating the regeneration of tissues.
If the patient belongs to the risk group of cancer, regular screening is required.
In this case, sufficient efficiency shows only early diagnosis and immediate removal of neoplasms. This disease is advancing quickly, and completely get rid of the metastases is not always possible.
To reduce the risk of microbiological contamination is necessary to reduce the number of contacts with sick people, use a barrier and antiseptic.
Contrary to popular belief, sciatica is not an independent disease, but a symptom of a large number of pathologies (e.g., degenerative processes in the joints, infections, inflammation, malignancies).
Treatment is possible only after a thorough examination of the patient, otherwise, increases the risk of deterioration and complications.
Also of great value are preventive measures — in their observance of radiculopathy almost not terrible.