Lymphadenopathy of cervical lymph nodes: symptoms, treatment
The lymphatic system is a part of the human vascular system and performs several functions, including those involved in metabolism, purification of body tissues by neutralizing bacteria, foreign particles, etc., and also in the immune system (produces lymphocytes). Consists of lymphatic capillaries, vessels, ducts and lymph nodes.
The increase in size of lymph nodes (lymphadenopathy) is a symptom of a number of diseases, different in its cause, clinical manifestations, prognosis, diagnosis and treatment and, therefore, differential diagnosis can be quite challenging. Because lymph node enlargement is caused by various reasons, patients with this symptom, hitting first on reception to the therapist, can then be examined by physicians of different specialties (oncologists, infectious disease specialists, hematologists, etc.). Lymphadenitis (inflammation of lymph nodes) may be the underlying disease (a history of purulent wounds, or severe inflammation), or to indicate the presence of serious infectious diseases. In this case, there are secondary symptoms:
Lymphadenopathy can hit nodes all over the body or only in certain areas. Local lymphadenopathy the most common. When this form is mainly 1-2 lymph node on a specific area of the body.
Regional lymphadenopathy is the increase in multiple lymph connections. In a generalized form of the disease there is an increase of nodes in more than three areas of the human body. Such defeat is possible in certain infectious diseases. Most often this form of lymphadenitis affects patients with HIV, tuberculosis, toxoplasmosis.
Lymphadenitis in children and adults can occur in acute and chronic form. Symptoms of the acute form is usually pronounced. The patient appears swelling of the affected parts of the body, pain in the lymph nodes, sharply rising body temperature. The chronic form of the disease is characterized by the absence of symptoms. In rare cases appear insignificant painful sensations in the area of enlarged lymph nodes. The sharp increase in lymph nodes occurs mainly in children. Adults are less susceptible to the emergence of such symptoms.
Pain in the affected areas can be caused by hemorrhage or necrosis. If the patient does not feel pain, it does not mean that he has no tumors.
Diagnosis of the disease
First of all, the doctor performs a complete examination of the patient. If the patient complains of a lesion of the cervical lymph nodes, the first thing he prescribed full blood count. Definitely seems to hepatitis and HIV. For productive diagnosis requires ultrasound of abdomen and x-rays of the thoracic.
In addition, the treatment and diagnosis of disease will be based on the test results, there are a number of equally important factors. In the first place taken into consideration the age. The child has the disease can be infectious in nature. The older the patient, the greater the likelihood that he had a chronic form of the disease. Lymphadenitis in adults up to 35 years are most often caused by viral, bacterial or fungal infection. In patients older than 40 years, similar symptoms may indicate the development of cancer.
The important point in diagnosis is the determination of the size of the lymph nodes. Of course, name the kind of disease that has increased so nodes, it is impossible. But if you have children they increased to 2 cm or more, treatment should be started immediately. The important role played by the nature of the node changes (tenderness, consistency and mobility).
Cervical lymphadenitis is accompanied by painful sensations. However, if the patient has no severe pain, it does not mean that the inflammatory process is absent. It just may be other reasons.
Diagnosis may be greatly facilitated when the localized form of the disease.
If was discovered the cause of the lymphadenitis, find the inflamed site becomes easier. For example, in lesions of the body infectious disease that is transmitted sexually, inflamed lymph nodes will be located in the groin area.
Principles of treatment
Lymphadenitis in children and adults can be caused by various factors. Try to determine the cause of the disease alone is useless. The symptoms of the disease in different patients may vary, so an accurate diagnosis can only physician. When he pinpoints the causes that provoke the disease, you can get the full treatment.
The first step is to remove the cause of lymph node enlargement. For example, if a viral etiology disease of the cervical lymphadenitis is after the destruction of the pathogen (i.e. virus). If the infectious disease is not amenable to quick treatment, lymphadenopathy can still long to torment the patient.
Treated inflammation of cervical lymph nodes drug, but if a therapeutic method of treatment does not help, your doctor may prescribe surgery. By surgery from the patient’s body is removed the affected lymph node. For accurate measurement of damaged area, the doctor may prescribe a biopsy. During treatment the patient is prescribed medicines that enhance the immune system.
Lymphadenitis in children requires immediate medical intervention and addressing the root causes of the disease. In most cases, patients are prescribed a standard course of treatment. It includes medications that eliminate pain as well as antibiotics and drugs that fight infection. The patient was prescribed various anti-inflammatory medicines.
Lymphadenitis in children is treated with a special cold compresses applied on the affected area.
In most cases, lymphadenopathy is treated quickly and painlessly, because it causes the inflammation of lymph nodes most likely to be herpes, rhinitis or pharyngitis. A short course of medication is usually enough for complete elimination of the disease.
Popular folk remedies
There are traditional methods, without which it can not do the treatment of inflammation of the lymph nodes. In order to reduce inflammation, you must add 100 g warm water 50 g of alcohol tincture of Echinacea. Mix the ingredients and wet with a solution of a piece of cloth. Apply the poultice to the sore knots all night. Alcohol tincture of Echinacea can be used inside. To do this, add 100 g of warm water 30 drops of tincture and drink 3 times a day before meals.
To eliminate inflammation, use the young shoots of pine. Put 500 g of shoots in a container, pour 4 liters of cold water and put on fire. Bring to a boil and reduce heat. Allow broth to writing a rolling boil for at least 2 hours. Once ready, remove the receptacle from the heat and strain the infusion through cheesecloth. Pour it into another bowl and add in the broth, 1 tablespoon of sugar. Put the mixture on the stove and simmer for 2-3 hours. Cool finished product. Take the medicine 2 times a day after meals for 1 tbsp the Course of treatment should not exceed 1.5 months.
To fight inflammation you need to do special packs which will reduce the lymph nodes. Stir in 2 tablespoons herb St. John’s wort, walnut leaves, mistletoe, and yarrow. Place the container with the mixture on the stove, pour 2 tablespoons of water and cook until boiling. Then reduce the heat and cook the mixture for another 10 minutes. Cool the infusion to room temperature and strain through cheesecloth. Soak in the broth a piece of cloth and make a compress on inflamed joints all night. To perform the procedure 14 days.
Rare folk recipes
Such methods of treatment are quite rare, so it is not always popular. But they are quite effective and will help get rid of edema and inflammation in the lymph nodes. To prepare a compress, take a bunch of the celandine, wash it and finely chop. You can even suppress it to obtain a slurry. Press the juice of celandine, take 1 tbsp liquid and add it to 125 grams of vodka or alcohol. Wrap the container with infusion and put in a dark dry place. To make a compress, moisten a cloth with hot water and then the tincture of celandine.
Apply the medication on all night to the inflamed lymph node. Wrap the affected place with warm scarf. If you are not allergic to honey, try to use the following recipe. Take 1 kg of the roots of raspberries and 1 kg of silver fir. Dry the ingredients and grind them into powder. Put them in a container and pour on top of 1 kg of sugar. From top to pour in 0.5 liter of honey. You can put components in several layers.
The entire mixture pour 1 liter of boiling water and cover the container. Put the medication in a dry dark place and well insulated. Allow the mixture to infuse for 24 hours. Then heat the mass in a water bath (9-10 hours). Give the medicine in a dry place and wrap again. Give mass to stand for 50 hours. Strain the cure through cheesecloth and take 1 tsp 2-3 times a day before meals.
To make a simple, but effective poultice, you will need 1 onion and 1 tbsp of tar. For 25 minutes bake onion in the oven. Then mash it to a pulp, and add tar. Apply the ointment on the cloth or gauze and apply to the areas of the body that was struck by a cervical lymphadenitis.