Massage for hip dysplasia in children: how to do

Массаж при дисплазии тазобедренных суставов у детей: как правильно делать

Hip dysplasia is often observed in newborns. To recover the motion in full and to stabilize the joint, in the medical complex must include massage of the hip joint. It contributes to good physical development and a speedy recovery. With the help of massage joints, you can achieve physical activity and muscle strengthening.


Symptoms

Hip dysplasia can develop in the case when the treatment in the first months of a child’s life was wrong or absent altogether. If the disease is diagnosed and treated, the anatomical and functional development of the baby will show no abnormalities.

Hip dysplasia in children can have such obvious symptoms, such as:

  • asymmetry of folds on the legs of the child;
  • asymmetrically located the gluteal folds;
  • the asymmetry in the abduction legs;
  • bent at the knee the foot is not hung to the side;
  • different length legs.

Asymmetrically positioned folds at the hips are noticed immediately, so often the dysplasia is diagnosed by 2-3 months. This applies particularly to bilateral pathology.

Массаж при дисплазии тазобедренных суставов у детей: как правильно делать
In congenital dislocation of the notes in different form and depth of wrinkles. In the case of rear displacement of the head of the thigh bone to notice that the thigh shortened, it is possible, having laid the baby on her back and bending knees. With this arrangement, the tribe would be significantly lower than the other.

Massage for children with dysplasia aims to eliminate the disease of the hip or shoulder joints.


All forms of the disease

The hip joint and diagnosis of one of the forms of dysplasia:

  • Previva. This form of the disease are exposed to immature joints. If timely and properly conducted treatment, a complex which necessarily includes massage, further the development of the hip or shoulder joint is absolutely normal. Treatment in this case is necessary because otherwise the subluxation will continue its development, owing to the easy dislocation and tucked into the cavity of the head.
  • To the next form of hip dysplasia include morphological changes, when there is displacement of the femoral head against the acetabulum. The head continues to contact with the cavity, because of the limit of the limbus she goes, pushing the limbus up. With proper treatment it is possible to achieve formation of a sound joint. A significant role is played by baby massage. Without timely measures adopted, there is a risk of formation of defective joint that may lead to a complete dislocation.
  • In the third form of dysplasia of the femoral head is displaced completely. As you know, this form is the most severe among all the listed.
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    Массаж при дисплазии тазобедренных суставов у детей: как правильно делать

    Proper breeding of the legs of the baby

    There is a perception that congenital abnormalities in the case of the underdevelopment of the joints relate to dysplasia. Experts believe: in most cases, this causes a dislocation or subluxation of the femoral head. However, many orthopedists and surgeons believe dysplasia is a collective concept that includes all pathology concerning the hip joint.

    To confirm dysplasia of the hip or shoulder joint, is required to conduct such studies as x-ray or ultrasound. Next, the specialist prescribes a course of treatment that includes massage. Parents, it is important to know not only about what form of the disease in their child but imagine how anatomically located joint. The fact that the massage with dysplasia should be regular as the disease, and after elimination of disease (as prophylaxis).

    It is desirable for parents to learn how to read a radiograph. Dislocation of the hip is characterized by a total loss of contact between the head and acetabular cavity. When subluxation is a partial loss of contact. In the presence of previlige (or dysplasia), the patient has impaired development of joints of the pelvis and hips.


    Right massage for dysplasia

    Massage for hip dysplasia in children has some peculiarities that should be considered by parents in an independent procedure.

  • Baby massage, running, stroking. The child should lie on his back. Light relaxing movements start to stroke the front of the arms, legs, thighs, legs, feet, soles, chest, abdomen of the child. It is possible to completely cover the thigh. Light spiral and rectilinear taps from lower leg should go to hip. In order not to accidentally damage the lymph nodes, inner thighs massaging is not recommended. Massage in light strokes for several minutes, the children perceive as a game and affection.
  • Массаж при дисплазии тазобедренных суставов у детей: как правильно делатьBaby massage-rubbing. Here it is necessary to strengthen a little touch in the area of ligaments, muscles and tendons. Given that they are located deep, complete spiral and circular rubbing with fingertips. For newborn children the massage should be the most gentle. Need to touch and even pressure on the surface of the body was easy.
  • Massage of the back of the child also begins stroking. Then in slow motion, going to be the buttocks, start stroking, then rubbing the back of the thighs. Rubbing the sore spot, gently tapping, skimming, while making circular movements.
  • In the presence of or without reduction of hernias in children the massage is contraindicated. In addition, it is undesirable to perform massage at an elevated temperature, various heart diseases, exudative diathesis, and skin lesions.


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    Mussirovanie shoulder joint

    A dislocated shoulder can also be congenital. Doing massage on their own, parents should not forget that this joint is not only the most movable but also the most vulnerable. If shoulder child has any anatomical features that parents need to take them into account, performing a massage of the shoulder sustavchikov.

    When dysplasia of the scapular glenoid cavity of a shoulder massage sustavchikov should be performed with light touches as many children anatomically glenoid cavity is shallow, making it vulnerable to dislocation. Массаж при дисплазии тазобедренных суставов у детей: как правильно делатьThe shoulder joint needs to massirovala very carefully, if the structure of the glenoid cavity has a deviation, for example, the presence of a small tilt. In most cases this leads to the formation of the front or rear of dislocations.

    To diagnose the disease, a specialist carefully examines a child. As additional research, typically are assigned to an x-ray or MRI. After accurate diagnosis, the doctor will prescribe a course of treatment, necessarily including massage of the shoulder joint.


    Massage with osteoarthritis after hip arthroplasty

    If the patient is diagnosed with osteoarthritis of the hip joint, massage include in the main complex of treatment. Regular massage treatments can relieve pain, improve function of the joint. Massage with osteoarthritis of the hip performed in the supine position on the abdomen, back or side. Before you begin massaging the muscle to relax. Severe pain in the area affected area massage starts with area located somewhat higher.

    With arthrosis of hip joints massaging should be light and shallow. Massage should be performed along the vertebral column. Better to start with the stroking of the back, after which you can proceed to the grinding.

    With arthrosis of the hip joint during the massage you should use straight rubbing with fingertips. In addition, you can perform circular movements.

    After hip replacement surgery conduct various rehabilitation activities. Their goal – to prevent the formation of scar displacements between the adjacent tissues, tendons. It also improves blood flow and normalize muscle strength.

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    One of the main rehabilitation methods is the massage after hip replacement surgery. In addition, the patient is prescribed physical therapy, acupuncture, physical therapy, manual therapy. If necessary, recommend therapy medicines.