Miniscope knee arthroplasty: treatment and symptoms medial and literal forms
The dangerous miniscope the knee joint and how to cure it?
Miniscope the disease, which affects the meniscus of the knee.
It’s not one disease, but all degenerative-dystrophic lesions of the menisci. The meniscus is the cartilage pads between the heads of the bones of the joint that serve to mitigate the loads on the knee, protection against damage and overloads.
As a result of the disease may develop tumors appear sprain, fractures and deformity of the knee. 30 – 40 % of all patients who applied to the doctor with problems of the knee joint confirmed the diagnosis of miniscope.
Literal and medial miniscope: what’s the difference?
The knee joint contains two meniscus – literal (outside) and medial (internal) so there are two forms of violations:
- Literal. In this case the disease affected the outer meniscus. This disease is very rare. According to statistics only 20% of patients affected outer meniscus.
- Medial. This pathology of the internal meniscus. In 75% of patients is the development of this form.
What is the disease?
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This ailment can be people of any age and gender – young and old, men and women. Especially often illness — prone athletes. Usually the only worrying one knee.
There are two types of pathology: acute injury, which is accompanied by manismata and blockade of the knee and chronic form of the disease.
Miniscope most often occurs because of a knee injury. Sometimes, it seems that sharp pain appeared for no reason.
Disease development occurs rapidly. Very often, knee pain occurs when walking, running, jumping, skiing.
Hear clicking crunching in the joint and feeling a sharp pain gives a person to make even one step.
Sometimes the pain lasts for about a quarter of an hour, and then removed the blockade of the knee and the patient is able to move again. A day or two in the knee joint a tumor, protective nature.
The body tries to release the injured meniscus, throwing the knee joints, from each other, with enhanced production of fluid in the joints.
And pain increase, and there is a feeling in the knee area to hammer a nail. Later, the tumor develops into a cyst in the joint fluid appear the admixture of pus or blood.
The cyst has the ability to burst, resulting in extensive swelling appear.
The chronic form of the disease
The aggravation of the disease is about two to three weeks, after which the patient’s condition improves. And the disease becomes chronic the odds.
Symptoms of chronic minicapacity the knee joint over many years may disturb the person and prevent him to live therefore, the disease must be treated.
Pain can resume a failed movement, squat, strong stress, when people stumble or fall.
This disease can cause gonartroz, which often leads to deformation of the knee.
Examination by a specialist
Acute pain and the blockade of the knee can settle down without the help of a doctor, but to avoid complications you should seek qualified help.
The surgeon will examine the damaged joint and appoint an examination:
- Ultrasound scan of the knee joint. The most commonly prescribed examination of bone joints. The procedure is painless, has no contraindications, except for the presence of open wounds. By ultrasound, you can see that is not defined x-ray: to consider the condition of the menisci, the presence of hematomas and tumors.
- Arthroscopy. This method refers to the surgical examinations, its use can be treatment. The skin incision is made small in size and entered with the arthroscope at the end of the lens and optical fiber. Thus, the inspection is performed inside the knee. If such a procedure is determined by the degree of pathology of the knee and can go for surgery. The method allows to minimally injure the knee joint.
- Contrast arthrography. Examination of the knee joint with a preliminary introduction in sterile conditions contrast. If the knee accumulated fluid, it is evacuated before the procedure. Substance instantly absorbed, do an x-ray immediately after its introduction.
Approach to therapy
In the absence of the treatment of meniscus injury after two – three weeks the pain subsides, the swelling subsides, and the foot traffic will not be limited. But full recovery does not occur, the pain will return again and again to drag on for years.
Not even the insignificant defeat of the foot should be in absolute rest. To reduce swelling on knee must attach a compress, the patient should take the prescribed painkillers.
The healing process lasts up to a month and during this time the movement should be carried out only on crutches.
The meniscus can be freed from being pinched with the repositioning of the joint or applying a hardware extension of the joints. After this comes the process of rehabilitation and recovery.
The reduction may be conducted by a qualified physician, the final result comes in 1 – 4 sessions. Hardware traction requires a longer treatment time and greater number of sessions.
Such methods in most cases prevent surgical intervention. To secure a positive result offers physiotherapy sessions:
- ultrasonic impact;
- laser therapy;
The patient select special exercises, ascribe the reception of chondroprotectors and hyaluronic acid injections.
If there is fragmentation or rupture of the meniscus, or if developed degenerative chronic miniscope, the treatment of conservative methods of effect will not give, you only need surgery – meniscectomy.
During the operation completely removes the damaged disc.
If time does not carry out surgery, the disease can cause complications such as post-traumatic deforming osteoarthritis, leading to painful flexion and extension of the knee, and in the future may be a full lock of the knee joint.
With timely surgery fully restores the function of the mobility of the knee.
How to avoid illness
To avoid this problem, do not need to give a greater load on the knee joints, when driving you need to be careful is all we know. But not to move is not possible.
It is therefore necessary to strengthen your body so there is less damage.
Need to do physical exercise, to prevent injury meniscus train the thigh muscle is the main extensor of the knee, the less strengthened this muscle, the greater the likelihood of damage to the knee during exercise.
The simple exercise is the slow raising and lowering of straight legs.
To strengthen the cartilage needed and appropriate nutrition. Daily diet should be protein foods, because protein is the material for connective tissue. Must be the minerals: calcium, potassium, magnesium.
Moderate exercise, balanced diet are methods to prevent damage to the menisci.
If you still have an accident and your knee ceased to listen to you need to see a doctor, rest the knee and a long rehabilitation period.