Osteoarthritis of the feet lower extremities

Arthrosis of the lower extremities is a disease that affects cartilage in the joints of the lower extremities. Osteoarthritis can affect the joints of the foot, knee and joints of the hands. Osteoarthritis is characterized by wear and destruction of cartilage that leads to pain, discomfort and even disability. Most often this disease affects women who prefer high heeled shoes. The body weight of such shoes is distributed evenly on the joints of the forefoot have more pressure, which leads to the destruction of cartilage.Артроз ступни нижних конечностей


Risk factors

On the surface of the bone is a thin layer of tissue – the periosteum. The bones themselves do not contain any major nerves or blood vessels. But in the periosteum they are. Thanks to periosteum bone get the nutrition needed. Above the bone and periosteum cartilage is the that are also powered by this layer.

Arthritis begins to form the moment when the periosteum blood circulation. Cartilage ceases to receive necessary nutrients, it ceases to be elastic and dry. On the surface of the cartilage cracks and slipping of the cartilage becomes difficult, which complicates the movement of the foot as a whole. The joint starts to become inflamed and deformed. This leads to the fact that the foot begins to lose its natural appearance and mobility. The main reason why the foot blood circulation is not clear. But there are factors due to which the person may cause a disease such as arthritis.

There are such risk factors.

  • The structure of human feet. These include individual anatomical features and human disease. For example, flat feet with osteoarthritis is associated most closely. Uneven load on the joints in feet can cause wear. With flat feet arthritis can strike and heel. This includes deformation of the fingers, the «bump» on the leg, shortening of the limb.
  • High loads on the foot. Excessive load can be due to overweight people (obesity, pregnancy), labor or sports activities associated with heavy lifting.
  • Uncomfortable shoes. Too small or large, tight or high heeled shoes lock the foot in an unnatural position. The load is distributed unevenly compressed vessels in the foot, resulting in blood circulation.
  • Frequent injury (osteoarthritis usually develops after a broken heel).
  • Hypothermia, which leads to poor circulation.
  • Disturbances in the robot of the endocrine system.
  • Most often osteoarthritis affects the forefoot and heel.


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    Symptoms

    Артроз ступни нижних конечностейThe most typical osteoarthritis symptom is heel pain. But symptoms can be different depending on the stage of the disease. Osteoarthritis of the feet, including arthritis of the heel has three stages.

    Stage

    Symptoms

    Stage 1. Characterized by recurrent pain in the foot, which becomes more intense after physical activity. Can take place virtually asymptomatic.
    Stage 2. The pain is more constant and pronounced. On the inner side of the big toe may occur the so-called «cone» or «bone». Joint inflammation begins, which motion becomes painful, hurt to compress and decompress the toes.
    Stage 3. It is accompanied by symptoms such as constant pain (even at rest). In addition, people change gait (depending on the location of the patient’s joint). Fingers are deformed. Impaired gait can also lead to the formation of calluses and corns. The man accompanied by symptoms such as fatigue and reduced work capacity.

    May experience symptoms such as lameness, swelling, redness of the limb, local and General increase in temperature, indicating the presence of inflammation.


    How to treat arthritis

    Osteoarthritis of the feet is a chronic and progressive disease. Therefore, treatment aims to stop the development of diseases, eliminate painful symptoms and return the motor activity of man. Treatment of osteoarthritis involves complex activities. These include non-drug treatment methods, physical therapy, pain medications and medications that improve the condition of the articular cartilage. In some cases effective can also be treated with traditional methods.

    If the patient is overweight, the treatment begins with weight loss. This will help reduce the load on the leg joints, will help eliminate painful symptoms and helps to restore cartilage. Also the patient needs to reduce the motor load, i.e. more to sit. Shoes should be as comfortable and spacious (but not to be greater than the size you usually wear). Women should stop wearing high heels, shoes with narrow or open toe. Recommended heel height 3-4 cm

    Your doctor may also recommend the use of special orthotic inserts or insoles for shoes that help correct the foot position in the Shoe and reduce the load on the foot. It must be remembered that such devices need to choose only with the permission and on the advice of your physician. Self-selection and treatment of such remedies can only aggravate the situation.

    As an auxiliary method is well proven and physiotherapy. With osteoarthritis of the legs are effective treatments such as UHF, ultrasound therapy, infrared laser therapy, receiving treatment baths, etc. Physiotherapy is effective in the early stages of the disease. When the joint has destroyed the meaning of physical therapy is not. In addition, physical therapy is contraindicated if the joint is inflammation.

    Артроз ступни нижних конечностейTreatment of folk remedies can also be effective. But alternative medicine should not be the only that you are using for the treatment of osteoarthritis. Treatment should be carried out only with the approval of your doctor. Folk healers recommend this recipe. For a start you need a good hover legs in the basin with pine needles for 15-20 minutes. Just add in a bowl of hot water chopped pine needles. Then draw on the affected limb iodine mesh. A course of such baths is 10-12 procedures.

    It is useful to do physical therapy. Simple exercises you can perform at home. Especially good effect on the affected joints swimming, aquaaerobics.


    Medicinal treatments

    Drug therapies include drugs that will help to eliminate symptoms such as pain and discomfort, reduce inflammation, and improve the repair process of cartilage. Painkillers do not eliminate the cause of the disease but help to relieve painful symptoms. Prescribe a course of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs («Ibuprofen», «Piroxicam»). Particularly effective is «Indomethacin», because this tool not only eliminates the unpleasant symptoms, but also helps in regeneration of cartilage tissue.

    But these drugs have side effects and adversely affect the gastric mucosa. So the drugs, their dosage and course of treatment should appoint a doctor. Uncontrolled taking them can lead to serious consequences (ulcers, gastric bleeding). In addition, ceasing to feel pain, people forget about that the problem still exists, and starts again loading the limb, which makes the treatment useless.

    In addition to pain medications, patients still need to take medications that prevent the destruction of cartilage and contribute to their recovery: «Chondroitin sulfate», «Hyaluronic acid», «Artra», «Artrodar». They contribute to the rapid formation of new cartilage cells to replace the old. These medications (chondroprotector) can be in the form of tablets and in the form of injections that must be administered directly into the joint. Chondroprotectors not provide immediate effect, but they act on the cause of the disease and can almost completely cure the patient of the disease. To get the results of the treatment requires between six months to a year of taking these drugs. But their admission is assigned only in the initial stages of the disease.

    To save the joint, you need to pay attention to all the disturbing symptoms that bother you, and immediately consult a doctor.