Osteoarthritis of the hip joint and its treatment
Deforming osteoarthritis of the hip joint is a degenerative disease that causes pain and inflammation in one or more joints. The disease can cause disability of the elderly.
The structure of the hip joints
What joint is the pelvis of a person
In the hip joint is connected to the iliac and femoral bones. It is similar to the hinge, so a healthy person can produce different movements. Articular cartilage lines the surfaces of the bones of this articulation, so that they can easily slide relative to each other.
Below the hip joint to perform their functions, it is surrounded by powerful muscles. They take on heavy loads, serve as a shock absorber and allowing the movement of the body. Muscles help to pump blood in the circulatory system, ensuring proper supply of nutrients to the hip joint.
Deforming osteoarthritis of the hip joint causes chronic inflammation in the joint. The body is not enough joint fluid, therefore, the depreciation of the cartilage decreases, the bones wear increases. They RUB against each other causing pain, bone destruction.
If not adequately treated, over time the cartilage wears completely, the hip joint ceases to perform its functions. In this case you lose muscle tone, which speeds up the process of deformation of the bones.
The reasons of development and symptoms
Excess weight increases the load on the hip joint. It makes people less active physically, which exacerbates the situation.
Sick and healthy joint of the pelvis
Genetic heredity. To this disease tends people whose relatives had the same disease.
Sex. Women are more likely to become victims of this disease, especially after age 50.
A kind of work. Some occupations pose a greater risk of developing this disease: work in agriculture, construction and retail trade. In the process of performing their professional duties in these areas people get high loads on the joint.
Young and active people the disease often develops as a result of sports injury or as the result of an accident.
Symptoms often appear slowly and get worse over time.
Pain during or after movement.
Stiffness in the joints. Most noticeable when the patient wakes up in the morning or after a period of inactivity.
The loss of flexibility in joints.
To confirm the diagnosis, blood test results help to rule out other ailments. Manifestation of this disease of joint is 1 degree by x-ray examination cannot detect. On normal x-rays the cartilage tissue is not reflected. This explains the late diagnosis of such diseases. Only at the stage of quite severe destruction of the bones becomes possible to recognize osteoarthritis of the hip joint. A clearer picture of the status of articulation provides a magnetic resonance or computer tomography. These diagnostic tools allow you to detect the early development of the disease.
Nowadays, the complete cure from this disease is not necessary. Drugs do not affect the root cause of the disease. But competent treatment of osteoarthritis can contribute to a significant reduction in pain and preservation of joint mobility.
Conservative methods of treatment
The first step in treating the disease is to reduce pain. This can be done using a combination of drugs, exercise and physiotherapy. Painkillers will help to ease pain, but will not remove the inflammatory process. In addition, increased doses of acetaminophen can cause liver damage. The use of analgesics will lead to increased blood pressure, worsening kidney function, the occurrence of gastric ulcer and cardiovascular diseases.
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen and naproxen, can reduce inflammation and relieve pain. Stronger non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are available by prescription. NSAIDs have side effects. They can cause stomach upset, ringing in the ears, problems with the heart and blood vessels, bleeding, damage to the liver and kidneys.
Chondroitin and glucosamine have demonstrated its effectiveness in osteoarthritis. They can slow or prevent further joint damage.
If conservative treatments do not help, doctor may be offered other effective treatments.
Corticosteroid injections ease the pain in the joint. During this procedure, the doctor injects and injects the medication into the affected joint. However, the number of such injections in a year is limited, because used drugs can worsen the condition of the damaged joint. Possible complications in the form of depression, hypertension, hyperglycemia, erectile dysfunction, amenorrhea and candidiasis.
Hyaluronic acid injections can relieve pain, potentiating the effect of attenuation in the joint. The preparation of such a component, which is usually in the joint fluid.
Surgery. During the surgery the surgeon removes the damaged part of the hip joint and replaces it with plastic or metal parts. This operation allows the patient to lead a full life. However, this treatment has risks associated with infection and formation of blood clots. Artificial joints can wear out. Repeated replacement of joints, it is more difficult and less successful.
Sports help to cope with the disease
Changes in lifestyle and home treatments can help reduce the symptoms of the disease. If the patient has osteoarthritis of the hip joints, this does not mean that it is not available active lifestyle.
Gymnastics and reaching a healthy weight are the best and most important ways to treat the disease. The physiotherapist will help you choose an individual program of exercises that will strengthen muscles around the affected joint. This will increase your range of motion and reduce pain.Try walking, Cycling or swimming. If you feel increased pain in the joints, classes have to stop. Pain that lasts for several hours after exercise may indicate that you overdid it. But that does not mean you have to stop training as a whole. However, before you proceed, you should see a doctor.
Tai Chi and yoga. These types of physical activity involve gentle exercises and stretching combined with deep breathing. Such exercises may reduce pain in osteoarthritis. These methods are safe, but need to deal necessarily with an instructor. Avoid movements that cause pain in the joints.
Swimming and water aerobics are good for osteoarthritis. They can increase flexibility, improve blood circulation and strengthen the muscles, allowing you to keep the functionality of the joints. In addition, water enables other types of physical exercises without additional load on the joint.
Occupational therapy can help to perform everyday tasks in self-care and doing the housework without putting extra strain the affected joint.
Useful to lose weight. Overweight increases the load on weight-bearing joints, even a small weight loss can reduce the pressure on aching bones and reduce pain.
The use of special insoles for shoes can recommend a doctor, as they will help to reduce the pain when you stand or walk, unloading the diseased joint.
Use assistive devices that can make the process of walking painless and easy. A cane will relieve the joints and thigh muscles when you walk.
Acupuncture. Some studies show that this method of therapy can relieve pain and improve function of the hip joint. During acupuncture thin needles are inserted at special acupuncture points on the body. Possible risks are infection, bruising and some pain in places use needles.
HILT therapy. The method is based on a unique, patented laser, which allows us to treat pathologies in deep-lying tissues. The laser power is individually set and achieve rapid pain relief and good results of therapy. HILT therapy has proven excellent in the treatment of various joint diseases, including osteoarthritis.
Use heat and cold to manage pain. Heat relieves stiffness and cold can relieve muscle spasms and pain.
Helps to use a special anesthetic cream. Such funds can provide temporary pain relief for hip pathology. Some drugs numb the pain, creating a feeling of heat or cold.
You need to use all the tools that will help to relieve the joints and muscles of the thigh. Osteoarthritis can be successfully treated. This will improve the quality of life.