Osteoarthritis of the knee, shoulder, hip, ankle: symptoms and treatment
Causes, symptoms and treatment of arthrose-arthritis
Osteoarthritis – a disease that simultaneously combines the symptoms of arthritis and occurs together with the destruction of the cartilage and the formation of inflammation. This condition requires only complex treatment.
For the basic treatment used medication and physiotherapy methods. To understand the disease of osteoarthritis, you need to consider these two diseases separately.
What is arthritis?
Arthritis is called inflammatory pathology provoked by the penetration of the infection. The disease is dangerous for its complications. Caused by delayed treatment of the disease can be formed ankylosis, i.e., immobility of the joints.
The main reasons for the formation of arthritis:
- pathology in the functioning of the immune system;
- violated the metabolism;
- infectious disease;
- uncomfortable shoes;
- neuralgic disease;
- lesions of the skin on the lower or upper extremities that will not heal for a long time;
Arthritis occurs with the manifestations of inflammation: pain, fever, swelling, redness, intoxication. The position of a joint or any load on it does not affect the occurrence of pain. The pain is of a permanent nature and subside only after taking the medication.
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Osteoarthritis is the disease caused by degenerative-dystrophic changes in the bone. In this pathology there is thinning or destruction of cartilage shell. The result is deformed joints and reduced mobility.
The main causes of osteoarthritis are as follows:
- prolonged or constant load;
- age-related changes;
- disturbed metabolism (salts);
- wearing uncomfortable shoes;
- congenital anomalies of bones and muscles;
- surgical removal of parts of the joint;
- inflammatory processes in the chronic form;
- genetic predisposition.
People suffering from osteoarthritis, say soreness, and cracking in the joints during movement or during exercise. The pain gradually subsides after removal of the load or the adoption of a comfortable position.
Causes and symptoms
There are many root causes that trigger the formation of artrose-arthritis:
- trauma and injuries;
- problems with excess weight;
- age-related changes;
- constant exercise;
- uncomfortable shoes;
- congenital bone and muscle tissue;
- surgical intervention in the area of the ligaments or menisci;
- hereditary factor;
- frequent inflammatory processes.
The disease usually occurs with intense pain. It’s hard to move, there is swelling of the joint. As well as in the affected area redness of skin.
Patients suffering, arthrose arthritis experience the following signs and symptoms:
- the increase in body temperature and chills;
- problems with the appetite.
Signs of the disease in different people can appear different.
At the slightest manifestations of the above symptoms should consult a doctor. If the problem is to ignore the osteoarthritis goes into running shape and the symptoms begin to bother the person even more.
There are 3 stages of this disease:
- First. The patient noted a slight pain in the affected area. The possible increase in pain at the slightest physical exertion. However, in most cases, this stage proceeds without pronounced symptoms.
- Second. The pain intensified and become almost constant. Every physical exertion causes sudden prolonged pain in the affected area. Perhaps the appearance of deformations.
- Third. At this stage, the disease requires urgent treatment. Any physical job given to the patient is not easy. Becomes visible deformity of the joint. The cartilage at this stage is subject to destruction.
What joints are affected?
Most often, arthrose arthritis affects the shoulder, knee, ankle, and hip joints. Less common pathology diagnosed in the upper part of the body. If the disease is not treated a person can become disabled.
Pathology of the hip joint
This type of disease is characterized by the damage and thinning of cartilage. In the joint narrows the lumen, bony growths. In the areas around the joint can form cysts.
The main causes of formation of pathology:
- a weak immune system;
- injury or hip fractures;
- congenital dislocation of the hip;
- transferred earlier diseases of an infectious nature.
The patient reduced locomotor function, there are problems during exercise.
Treatment of the disease aims to cure infection that triggered the illness as well as recovery of ligaments and cartilage.
Lose the shoulder
Osteoarthritis of the shoulder joint occurs with deformation of the cartilage and loss of smoothness of the bone tissue. There is a significant decrease in the number of interarticular fluid. During the movement of the shoulder, heard the crunch. As a result, the bone tissue formed osteophytes. Last irritate the ligaments and cartilage.
Most often the disease is diagnosed in people whose profession is connected with the load on the shoulder joints: athletes, dentists, drivers.
There are the following main reasons for the formation of the disease:
- failures in the functionality of immune system;
- the transfer of infectious pathologies;
- physical impact.
The disease occurs with severe symptoms, to determine the nature of the disease. The patient has constant discomfort in the affected area.
Osteoarthritis of the knee
The lesion in the knee joint occurs with destruction of cartilage. It is thinning, and delamination. The resulting deformation of the bone tissue. At last appear, the growths.
The disease is pain during exercise and swelling around the knee. If not treated, osteoarthritis of the knee pain become permanent.
The goal of treatment is to relieve inflammation as well as recovery of the affected tissues.
When the affected ankle?
The disease is extremely rare. Often the causes of the disease are congenital abnormalities, sports injuries occurring degenerative changes. The man is a reduction in motor capabilities. Patient plagued by intense pain. The latter can spread at the ankle.
If the problem does not bring the value and not treated, the disease becomes chronic. Therapy the form of artrose-arthritis is aimed at the cure of the infection, triggering an inflammatory process.
Pathology of the joints of the foot
In this disease is the destruction and change of the cartilaginous tissue in the joints of the feet. Disturbed metabolism, and as a result inflamed periarticular tissues. In addition, the possible appearance of edema.
Most often disease you have large fingers. Distortion of the shape of the finger, forming a corn, changing gait. While walking you hear a specific crunch.
At risk of fall, gymnasts, runners and other athletes.
Pain cropped drugs. The goal of treatment is to eradicate the infection and inflammation, to restore the affected cartilage tissue.
Diagnosis of disease
To set the correct diagnosis the doctor performs a diagnosis, which includes follow-up activities:
- Inspection. The specialist determines the joint: pain, swelling, crepitus, instability, restricted movement.
- Laboratory methods of diagnosis. Assigned delivery, as well as biochemical analysis of blood. In certain situations the hormonal profile, immunological and serological tests.
- Instrumental methods. The main method of diagnosis is radiography. This method allows to determine whether the deformed joints, are bony growths that occurs if the change of the joint space.
As more studies doctor may prescribe ultrasound, computed tomography, lumbar puncture, magnetic resonance therapy.
How to treat the disease?
The results of the diagnosis, the doctor prescribes individual treatment plan .
At artrose-arthritis is very important to a balanced diet. There is a list of permitted and prohibited foods in artrose-arthritis.
- freshly squeezed juices;
- fish and seafood;
- green leafy vegetables;
- carbonated beverages;
- salt in large quantity.
It is important to follow the drinking regime: drink clean filtered liquid. Per day should drink at least 2-3 liters.
The diet should consist only of healthy food for your joints. In addition, proper diet will help to normalize weight.
To cure, artrose-arthritis and achieving effective results requires a comprehensive treatment.
Usually the doctor prescribes the following:
- drugs to improve circulation;
- chondroprotectors, etc.
In certain situations the doctor may prescribe antibiotics and antihistamine.
To produce the desired result should follow all doctor’s recommendations and take the full course of treatment to avoid relapses.
Traditional methods of treatment
To strengthen the muscular system specialist recommends physical therapy. During treatment, patients should refrain from bad habits. And you must also reduce physical exertion.
In addition to medical treatment and often resort to traditional medicine. Positive feedback is left packs of fitogormonov having a warming effect. Effective medicinal decoctions of the following plants: Larkspur, mint, mustard, burdock, nettle, birch leaf and others.
As a preventive measure are recommended walk barefoot. This walk improves blood circulation in the legs.
Osteoarthritis is considered a dangerous disease of the joints. However, if you timely comprehensive treatment prognosis is favorable. Clearly following all the instructions and recommendations of the doctor, the patient does not lose working capacity and continues to live a full life.