Osteoarthritis of the shoulder joint

Osteoarthritis – a degenerative disease of cartilage of the joints. Osteoarthritis of the shoulder joint and the fingers is one of the most common diseases that lead to disability of the person. Mostly from osteoarthritis affects older people, due to the natural wear of the body.Остеоартроз плечевого сустава


Causes of osteoarthritis

The main reason for the destruction of the cartilage covering the articular surfaces, are disorders of metabolism. Cartilage does not receive the necessary nutrition, dries out, becomes less elastic and begins to break down.

Factors that may trigger the development of osteoarthritis are the following.

  • Injury. Untreated past traumas can leave on the joints microcracks that eventually become more.
  • Genetic predisposition.
  • Paul. Osteoarthritis of the hands often affects women than men. This is due to the fact that bone and cartilage tissue in women is more delicate and fragile. In addition, bone health may also adversely affect pregnancy.
  • Age. The main «audience» osteoarthritis is a people from 45.
  • Excessive physical activity. For example, osteoarthritis of the hands may develop musicians because their work involves making many small movements with your hands. Osteoarthritis of the shoulder joint may occur in athletes or in people whose work is associated with carrying heavy loads (e.g. longshoremen).
  • The main symptoms of osteoarthritis of the shoulder and fingers is pain and stiffness. Over time, the symptoms may only get worse. It is important to start treatment in time.

    Osteoarthritis of the shoulder joint can be diagnosed through a simple test. If you find it hard to raise my arm to comb my hair, it is likely that the structure of the joint began to occur degenerative changes.


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    The degree of development of the disease

    There are three degrees of disease development.

    Diagnosis

    Symptoms

    Osteoarthritis of 1 degree. It may at first not be evident. The pain bothers the person infrequently, its intensity is negligible. Over time, the movements may appear a certain stiffness. But when you develop shoulder or finger joints, the stiffness passes. At the end of the day a person can feel some fatigue in the hand.
    Osteoarthrosis of the 2nd degree. Is characterized by a more intense and constant pain. Thinning of cartilage is seen on x-ray. In this extent at the edges of the cartilage begin to form bone spurs. The joints of the fingers may slightly increase in size, there are seals, the skin takes on a reddish hue.
    Osteoarthritis 3 degrees. This is an irreversible condition of the joints when the cartilage is almost completely destroyed. The space between the bones filled with growths. When such a degree of making movements impossible. The finger joints are enlarged and deformed, the fingers become crooked.

    Остеоартроз плечевого суставаOsteoarthritis is a disease that has long enough for. It can go into remission, when symptoms are temporarily. Then it is replaced by the acute stage.

    People suffering from osteoarthrosis become weather-sensitive. The knuckles and shoulder start to hurt when the weather changes.


    Osteoartroz is not a sentence

    Osteoarthritis of the shoulder and joints of the fingers is treatable. Treatment mainly depends on the degree of the disease. First and second degree are successfully treated with conservative methods (medication, healthy lifestyle, physical therapy). Osteoarthritis of the third degree can only be treated with surgery.

    To cure, it is first necessary to completely rethink their way of life. Diet and exercise are the basis of successful treatment. The patient should be excluded salty, fried and sweet foods. Banned coffee and sweet sparkling water. Smoking and alcohol consumption also have to give. Daily use of dairy products (cottage cheese, sour cream, and butter), vegetables and fruits that have not undergone heat treatment. Fish and meat are rich in substances that improve the condition of bones and cartilage. Forget about this method of processing meat as the roasting: the meat should either boil or bake in the oven. The daily norm of water is not less than 1.5 L.

    Drug treatment includes three main objectives: to eliminate pain, reduce inflammation and restore cartilage. Non-steroidal drugs have anti-inflammatory and analgesic effect. These include analgin, ibuprofen, diclofenac. Also effective is indomethacin, this tool not only helps in eliminating unpleasant symptoms and helps to restore cartilage. Of drugs appoints only the attending physician, as they have several contraindications. Prolonged and uncontrolled taking them can cause ulcers of the stomach and duodenum.

    As a local application use a variety of gels and ointments. Tools such as «Voltaren gel» and «Diklak-gel» will help to relieve pain and reduce inflammation.