Osteoarthritis

Arthrosis and arthritis are the most common diseases of the joints. The simultaneous presence of these diseases is diagnosed as osteoarthritis – a combined name of the two pathologies. The share of these diseases accounts for about 90% of the diagnosed lesions. These diseases are independent diseases that are characterized by relatively similar symptoms, but are different in nature. In some cases of arthrosis and arthritis can simultaneously affect the joint, which significantly worsens the clinical picture of the disease.

Артрозо-артрит

Osteoarthritis is a symbiosis of the two diseases, which are localized in the joint and cause the pathological changes of its structure. Despite the common name, the joint effect from two negative factors – arthrosis and arthritis. Accordingly, the clinical picture of the disease is considered based on the characteristics of both pathologies. The main difference between arthrosis and arthritis is in the nature of the pathogen: arthritis is the result of infection with bacterial infection, while osteoarthritis develops due to mechanical reasons and poor metabolism.


The development of osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is characterized by pathological changes in cartilage tissue due to mechanical, metabolic or hereditary factors. On closer examination, the cartilage has a spongiform structure. This allows him to absorb the energy of sudden loads on the joint, playing the role of shock absorber.

Cartilage synovial fluid is stored – a kind of «lubricant» which prevents wear of the elements of the joint during their work. At rest, the cartilage soaks up the synovial fluid, and any load literally pushes her out of the cartilage. In a healthy organism, the destruction of the cartilage due to constant load kompensiruet natural regeneration. And osteoarthritis reduces the intensity of the repair cartilage.

As the progression of the disease healthy cartilage is gradually replaced with defective cartilage fragments that cannot resist the load and rapidly destroyed. Defective fabric is also not to a sufficient degree to absorb synovial fluid, compounding the disease. The complete breakdown of the cartilage causes bone spurs – so the body tries to compensate for the lack of cartilage.

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Deformity of the joint at the last stage of the disease causes severe pain and restriction of motor function up to a full disability.


Signs of arthritis

Unlike osteoarthritis, arthritis has an infectious nature. The pathogen affects the synovial membrane, altering its structure and causing inflammation. Most often the development of arthritis contributes to the infection of streptococcal and staphylococcal bacteria. Synovium is responsible for the synthesis of the main «lubricant». Its defeat leads to a change of the synovial fluid that can lead to complete loss of motor function.

If a potential patient is weakened immune system to cause inflammation of the joint can serve almost any infectious viral pathogen. There are precedents when arthritis was triggered by an ordinary sore throat, tonsillitis, hepatitis, fungal infection, etc. Due to the infectious nature of arthritis often affects several joints at the same time: ankle, hip, temporomandibular, etc.

In some cases, the lesion may develop in stages: the lymphatic system the infection of the TMJ can spread to the ankle, etc.


The causes and.

Артрозо-артритOsteoarthritis can affect different joints, from the temporomandibular and ending with the metatarsophalangeal. In the international classification of pathologies of the human body such as «osteoarthritis» does not exist – his diagnosis speaks of the simultaneous presence of these two diseases.

Osteoarthritis can develop as a result of various factors.

  • The defeat of the temporomandibular joint often happens after a serious injury, which is accompanied by infectious disease. Infection of the mouth (dental abscess, caries, etc.) create the risk of injury of the temporomandibular joint, given the proximity of its location. The defeat of the temporomandibular joint can also be caused by long non-healing infections on the skin, if they are located in close proximity to the temporal region.
  • The defeat of the hip joint is often the result of congenital or acquired hip dislocation. Any damage to the hip bone, including fractures and severe bruises can cause pathology of the hip joint.
  • Osteoarthritis of the shoulder joint develops similar lesions of the hip region.
  • Lose the ankle joint observed in professional athletes. Constant stress affects cartilage and synovial tissue. The ankle belongs to the category of large joints, which makes it very vulnerable to metabolic disorders that impair his food. The extra weight has a negative impact on the ankle, injuring his increased load. With increased body weight, in addition to the ankle area, affects all joints of the lower extremities.
  • Osteoarthritis of the knee develops for the same reasons as the pathology of the ankle region.
  • Lose the metatarsophalangeal joints often becomes a companion of the professional ballerinas and dancers. Such occupations implies a high load on the metatarsophalangeal and ankle joints. Osteoarthritis of the foot and the metatarsophalangeal joint may develop due to wearing uncomfortable shoes.
  • Osteoarthritis also is characterized by the development of an infectious inflammation regardless of the localization of the disease. This fact indicates the presence of immunological disorders.


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    The symptoms of the disease

    Symptoms of atrazo-arthritis are joint manifestations of arthritis and osteoarthritis, which may occur with different intensity, depending on the degree of progression of each disease.

    Disease Symptoms
    Arthrosis at an early stage. The classic symptom is pain in the affected location that occurs after exercise: when walking, if you have a limb, or when making chewing movements, if we are talking about the temporomandibular region. Painful feelings are at rest.
    More severe degree of osteoarthritis. Manifested in the form of pronounced pain syndrome. It persists for a long time. Also characteristic knobby deformity of the affected joints.
    Arthritis due to its infectious origin greatly affects health in General. With the defeat of one or more joints arthritis is characterized by high temperature, which is a consequence of the intoxication of the whole organism from an inflammatory process. Externally, the disease is manifested by inflammation, which is visible to the naked eye: the area of inflammation is painful and hot to the touch.

    Артрозо-артрит

    As with osteoarthritis, arthritis is accompanied by a pronounced pain, but with the difference that the pain may start at rest and subside during active movements.


    Effective treatment

    Treatment of arthrose-arthritis conservative – selected list of medications that allow you to stop the symptoms such as osteoarthritis and arthritis. This list includes NPRC antibiotic penicillin or broad spectrum of action, as well as painkillers to relieve pain. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs reduce inflammation of joints and synovial membrane, while the antibiotics will affect the infectious pathogen.

    If NPRC does not have much effect or the patient diagnosed with an autoimmune disease, authorizes the use of corticosteroid anti-inflammatory drugs, which, despite the large number of side effects, quickly reduce inflammation. Self-medication in this case is inappropriate. The medication can be used chondroprotectors, which is aimed at strengthening and regeneration of cartilage.

    After the infection is fully suppressed, begins a course of rehabilitation therapy, which is based on individually tailored diet and physical exercise.