Osteochondrosis with radicular syndrome
Osteochondrosis with radicular syndrome – advanced form of degenerative disc disease. It develops in the field of breast, cervical, lumbar, sacral in the few years when you have attended an easy, not complicated by the degree of spinal pathology. Without proper treatment, strict dieting, maintaining a healthy lifestyle, physical overload disease progresses. The patient displays characteristic symptoms, the cause of which – the destruction of nerve endings. It is the result of compression of spinal roots abnormally shifted vertebrae.
The damage may affect different roots of the lumbar, cervical, sacral spine. What of all those present in the anatomical structure of the spine affected, depends on the treatment technique. The cause of radicular syndrome is a slow and irreversible narrowing of the opening through which nerves and vessels. During the course of osteochondrosis of the vertebrae, intervertebral discs undergo structural change and pathological processes. At a certain stage of development of symptomatic deformities of the progression of the vertebral lesion becomes irreversible.
The types of the disease
A thorough medical examination gives grounds to determine the exact area of the lesion and the diagnosis. Requires immediate treatment, if a patient has low back pain – radicular syndrome can take place already after a six-month illness. Given the symptoms, the doctor will diagnose one of three types of disease:
- radicular pathology of the cervical;
- osteochondrosis of the thoracic roots with lesions;
- radicular syndrome of the lumbar spine.
Problems in the cervical segment of the spine occur due to prolonged oxygen starvation. Develops radiculopathy, artery of the spine is cramping. Irreversible processes can occur in one of the eight roots, causing the characteristic for each zone symptoms.
Thoracic osteochondrosis complicated with radiculopathy, accompanied by a sharp pain that encompasses the area of the internal organs. At the initial stage of the pathology manifests itself actively. Characteristic symptoms reflect damage in each of the 12 roots of this area.
The muscles and ligaments of the lumbar area is most susceptible to deformation. They weakly resist the maximum load which is attached to this area. Therefore, radicular syndrome of the lumbar – common disease.
The roots of the symptoms of broken neck
Irreversible processes can occur in any of the eight roots. Depending on the localization of the pathology, symptoms of diseases of different nature. But if any of the affected area the patient experiences headaches of varying intensity.
|With the defeat of the first and second spine.||Area manifestations of acute pain. – the occipital and parietal area. Additionally there is numbness of the skin, sagging skin, and muscle mass.|
|When problems of the third process.||Typical unilateral pain on the left or on the right they are localized on the neck and shoulder. At the advanced stage is disturbed it raises the difficulty with motor function of the tongue, which is partially numb. Under the chin can SAG muscle fibers.|
|If a fourth prong.||Pain syndrome exposed scapular, clavicular, shoulder back. Numbness is felt in the back. SAG muscles near the shoulder and neck region.|
|The defeat of the fifth process.||Is accompanied by enhanced pain of the neck region above the shoulder. The added weakness of hands, numbness of the skin of the shoulder, difficulty of movements of the upper limbs.|
|With a defeated sixth root.||Patients experience muscle tone of the arms and pain. Pain spread through his arm to the fingertips, sore shoulder joints.|
|Problems with the seventh and eighth spine.||Expressed by loss of muscle tone in the arms, numbness of the neck, the weakening of the triceps.|
If there is sharp pain when turning or tilting the head, you must immediately contact the doctor. Immediate symptomatic treatment by an experienced neurologist will help to stop the pain. Running with such as the primary symptoms leads to increased pain.
The waist and breast area
Numbness in groin, thigh sharp aching pain – evidence of the defeat of the first, second, third, root. The fourth process makes itself felt dull aching pain in the lumbar spine, lumbago in galinou, the knee part. Violated the fifth Appendix gives severe pain to the thigh, leg, foot, big toe. The pain is unilateral, reduced only in still lying.
In the thoracic part of the spine is concentrated 12 nerve roots. The beginning of a pathology characterized by pronounced radiculopathy. A sharp pain spreads to the internal organs. The first struck the spine reduces the sensitivity of the skin of the shoulder blades, the armpits, the inner side of the elbow, appear discomfort in the throat.
Pain encircling the lower part of the chest, axillary, scapular region, discomfort of the esophagus, throat – are signs of damage 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 processes. If the location of pain moves down, the discomfort appears in the stomach, the throat, the location of the heart muscles is observed in the mediastinum, violated the seventh and eighth spine.
Same symptoms, only with increased acute pain zoster nature of the navel, lumbar area of lower back – a sign of defeat 9 and 10 roots. Numbness of the breast, navel, groin talking about the damage the roots 11 and 12. During sudden movements, coughing, sneezing, the pain intensified.
When the skin is numb or if you experience other symptoms of spinal pathology, you need to see a specialist, who will prescribe treatment.
Treatment is prescribed only after accurate diagnosis. The case of each disease is examined individually. The doctor prescribes treatment, carefully analyzing the observed symptoms. Attention is directed to the severity and frequency of pain, patient’s age, stage of development of pathology.
To identify the disease using the following methods.
A study using x-ray ensures the presence of radicular syndrome of the spine. Breach of the processes can be globally identied by x-ray frontal and lateral projection. This method of study is quite informative.
To specify the location of the broken outputs of the nervous, vascular system, it is advisable to carry out magnetic resonance imaging. Do it in severe stages of the disease in order to prescribe adequate treatment.
According to medical statistics, the main part of the patients this disease are elderly. If the patient is elderly diagnosed with osteochondrosis radicular syndrome is present with high probability. But there are known cases of manifestation of radiculopathy in young patients.
Recommended the following treatment:
- drug therapy (taking pain and anti-inflammatory drugs);
- laser therapy;
- physiotherapy (electrophoresis on the affected area).
Medication helps to relieve the factors of numbness, swelling and pain. In the quiet course of the disease are appointed by the pills, capsules orally. At stages of acute pathology do injections of anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs. Used novocaine blockade, injection of baralgin or ketorol. The duration of the course depends on the period of improvement, the medication continues to reduce pain and swelling. It is advisable to use non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, external application of ointments, creams, and warming anti-inflammatory action, imposing a pepper patch. Some patients are prescribed courses of vitamins, muscle relaxants, chondroprotectors.
Laser treatment also affects the General condition of the spine, relieves pain, eliminates swelling, relieves inflammation. This method helps to restore normal blood circulation the affected radicular zones. It can also be used prophylactically to prevent the development of lumbar osteochondrosis.
Additional types of therapy can be a therapeutic exercise, massage of the spine, the procedure of acupuncture. Useful radon baths, mud therapy, ultrasound, magnetotherapy. All these activities should be performed with extreme care in relation to elderly patients. Sick people need to stay in bed. It is imperative to lie on a hard surface.
Of great importance correctly selected diet. Do not eat hot, spicy, smoked, salted, fatty food. It is impossible to take alcohol, to smoke while receiving medical procedures.
The spine treatment cannot be postponed. If over a long period of developing low back pain – radicular syndrome is quite likely. Irreversible pathological processes may eventually make the treatment ineffective.