Osteopenia of the spine

Osteopenia and osteoporosis – bone disease. They are associated with changes in the structure and bone density. This age-related pathology resulting from loss of mineral substances, or acquired illness.

Upon reaching the age of thirty-formed bone tissue begins to dissolve, to thin and become brittle. Age category 60 years and older is considered a risk. The numerical advantage belongs among the infected women. Pathology affects the vertebrae of the lumbar spine.

Spine treatment should begin immediately after the first symptoms of the disease. In the case of the delay in access to a doctor, the disease may begin to progress quickly. The result of the running condition may be bone fragility. People with weak bone structure are often exposed to fractures, sprains and other injuries. Timely formulation of correct diagnosis will help to avoid these troubles.Остеопения позвоночника


Risk factors

Osteopenia, like osteoporosis, develops as a result of acquired changes in the body. Pathology may arise due to the organization of continuous fasting for the correction or due to a disease of the digestive tract. Transplantation of internal organ, lung pathology is present, the reception of the prolonged course of anticonvulsant medications, the use of immunosuppressive drugs often provoke the development of severe osteopenia. Preventive treatment of the spine need to start, if detected lack of minerals in the body, changing the density of the bones, the structure of the skeleton.

Traumatic injuries of the lumbar spine are often the cause of the disease. Marfan syndrome, intensive resorption of bone tissue, manifestations of osteogenesis imperfecta. give impetus to intensive development of osteopenia. It is urgent to start the treatment of the spine in identifying these factors. Are additional possible risk factors:

  • improper diet;
  • genetic predisposition;
  • age over 60 years;
  • disruptions of the hormonal system;
  • hypertension;
  • chemotherapy, exposure to radiations;
  • sudden weight loss;
  • the lack of calcium in the body;
  • long-term use of corticosteroids, antispasmodics;
  • inflammatory processes of various body systems, rheumatoid arthritis.
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The treatment of the spine should be performed if radiation or chemical therapy provoked osteopenia. In women, the pathology is detected more often than men. When the bone tissue of the lumbar starts to thin, it speaks of the coming phase of physiological aging. Therefore, older people regularly go to the doctor and get the treatment of the spine.

The main area affected by the pathology – the area of the lumbar spine. There are lesions of other parts of the skeleton. In women experiencing menopause, are much more likely to get these diseases. But recent studies have shown an increase in the number of patients with osteopenia among women of young age groups.

The spine treatment is chosen taking into account age peculiarities of the skeleton.


Common causes

At the moment the exact explanation for the sudden emergence of osteopathy is not revealed. Medical research put forward a large number of different versions of the origin of the pathology. The only explanation with which all the researchers agree, lies in the condition of the bones of an elderly person. Pathology is considered as a sign of aging. The thinning of the bones with subsequent destruction occurs at a faster rate than the formation of new bone tissue.

The thirty-year age limit is considered to be a milestone for the process of the formation of the skeleton. After that age the problems begin with the spine, occur pathology of the cervical, disease of spine, pelvis and extremities. Patients go to the doctor, get a prescribed treatment of the spine, visit the centers health, doing physical therapy.

Individual development factors influence the fact and time of occurrence of the disease. One person may have a thicker bone tissue, another thin bone structure. Those who have observed bone thinning, are at risk of early disease. People with less dense bones are exposed to this danger.Остеопения позвоночника

Serious danger is represented by the absence of pain with osteopenia. Many patients don’t know about the problem and do not consider it necessary to begin treatment of the spine, even if it is cracked. Pain occurs when severe damage of the bone tissue, when the disease has reached a critical stage.


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Diagnostic measures

Time to start the treatment of the spine, to avoid serious consequences, it is necessary to make an accurate diagnosis. In diagnostic clinics typically send a contingent risk:

  • elderly;
  • women in menopause;
  • patients with disorders of the bones.

Usually the group at risk systematically screened in order to detect osteoporosis or osteopenia, start the treatment of the spine. Diagnostic studies should be done only in a clinic with a good reputation, modern medical equipment, qualified personnel. For detection of the disease is a special the on x-ray. A preference is given to the diagnostic accuracy of dual-energy techniques x-ray absorptiometry, densitometry.

When these studies are done comes the analytical stage. Deviations are identified by comparing the values of bone density. Confirmation of osteopenia is made when a significant difference in terms of bone density between normal and real data. The norm indicator is 1.0. Data when osteopenia is 2.5. Indices below this value indicate osteoporosis.Остеопения позвоночника

The male body is also subject to pathological changes. The level of testosterone, high physical activity, poor nutrition can affect the decrease in the level of bone density. This should be considered at diagnosis.


Prevention and treatment methods

Spine treatment focused on prevention transition to the stage of osteopenia osteoporosis. To do this, you must stop the thinning of the bones. Special pharmacological preparations not commercially available. Sometimes patients prescribed bisphosphonates, hormonal agents, steroids.

Methods

Application

A change in diet. For patients from risk groups are prescribed following a special diet. Junk food is excluded. Diet patients includes products with a high content of vitamin D, calcium. Patients daily eat yogurt, cottage cheese, dairy products, cheeses. Increases the amount of consumption of vitamin greens, fruits. Grains and vegetables rich in magnesium are consumed on a daily basis.
Food supplements. Sometimes it is useful to appoint a special nutritional Supplement, which accelerates the recovery of bone tissue.
Exercise. Physical activity helps to improve the condition of the patient. Shown swimming, Hiking or Cycling in the fresh air, gymnastics, running. Elderly enough to do formal exercise.
The rejection of bad habits. Smoking, alcohol excluded for the period of treatment.
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Pregnant women lose a large amount of mineral substances, so they are shown replenish the body with help of special mineral supplements and drugs. A serious consequence of the delays in treatment of osteopenia at all ages (often the elderly) can become a hip fracture. During hospitalization, medication, prolonged lying formed blood clots that can cause lethal outcome of the patient.

Taking prescription medications calcium, you can prevent a dangerous state, leading to the appearance of osteopenia. The same effect is given vitamins, avoiding alcohol, Smoking, regular exercise, exclusion from the diet of harmful products, organization of correct nutrition.