Osteophytes of the cervical, thoracic and lumbar spine
How to treat osteophytes of the spine — prevention of disease
Osteophytes of the spine — growth of bone tissue on the processes or vertebrae.
In General, it is bone spurs, which have the form of spikes, hooks, etc., they have different origins and are manifested differently.
A disease in which there are growths called «spondylosis».
Note that when in the spine are the osteophytes, treatment is not quick, so it’s best to take care of prevention of this problem.
Daily stresses on the spine over time causes damage to vertebral discs and the wear of joints.
With the combination of age, injury, poor posture increases the effect on the structure of the spine. As wear of the disk increases the load on the ligaments and joints, causing the seal to the ligaments, the accumulation of lime in them, the friction causing increased growth of the tumors.
Degenerative changes begin in youth, but the standard is a slow process and does not affect the nerve structures until the age of 60 years.
Factors accelerating the growth of osteophytes:
- innate characteristics;
- poor posture;
Cause of growths also acts arthrosis of the facet joints. It can cause pain and stiffness in the morning pain as the movement subsides, and in the evening back again.
The common reason why there are osteophytes of the cervical and thoracic spine — a genetic inclination.
Patients report symptoms of osteoarthritis in the interval from 40 to 50 years. Men are prone to the appearance of the signs in earlier years, however in women symptoms is more pronounced.
Growths can occur due to ossification of the periosteum, ligaments or other tissues near the bones.
In some areas there are growths
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Often the development of the lesion is invisible. For example, often the appearance of tumors in the thoracic it is so, up to complete loss of mobility of this unit.
But in this situation it should be remembered that the mobility of this area is not large, this is why people may not notice this problem.
But the appearance of growths in more moving parts significantly.
Of course, in the initial stages, when education is not high, manifestations not. But in the future growing osteophytes in some situations begin to infringe on the nerves which leads to pain, similar to pain with vertebral hernia.
Education cause cervical pain and neurological deficits.
Among other things, the problems in this part gives the stiffness, problems with turning head. A man may feel a certain «obstacle», on whose head does not turn, pain when attempts are made to turn heads.
The symptoms and signs of rejection
If you suffer osteophytes of the spine, the symptoms will not keep itself waiting long.
Cervical spine is the most vulnerable, so when this problems occurs a displacement of the vertebrae and compression of nerves and blood vessels. Such changes can cause circulatory disorders of the brain. Therefore, it is important to timely detect signs of spondylosis.
- pain in the back, irradia in hand;
- ringing in the ears;
- limitation and pain when turning the head;
- blurred vision.
It is necessary to take into account that should immediately turn to the doctor with these symptoms: intolerable headache; nausea and vomiting.
In this case, certainly, there was a strong infringement of vessels in the holes between the vertebrae, causing increased intracranial pressure.
In medicine there are cases, when the lesion occurs almost without symptoms. The presence of formations in the thoracic spine, the patient may not be aware, since the mobility of this area is not high.
It can take a lot of time, right up to complete immobilization of the division of the vertebra. Basically, the appearance of growths in the breast occurs in anterior portions of the vertebral column.
The main manifestations of lesions in the lower back include:
- dull pain in this part with walking or prolonged standing;
- pain in the hip;
- numbness in the extremities;
- weakness of the hands and feet;
- tingling feeling in them.
Sometimes a symptom of formations becomes disruption of bladder and bowel.
But since this symptom can testify about other lesions, for diagnosis need a thorough examination.
To reveal osteophytes, perform a clinical examination. The doctor examines the patient, examines the spine, nerves, evaluates the work and determines the characteristics of the compression of nerve endings.
After examining the man, listened to his complaints and reviewed the medical history, the specialist develops a plan for the implementation of the survey.
- Electroneuromyography — to determine the conduction of impulses by nerve fibers, the degree of their violation.
- X-ray helps to visually verify the presence of the formations on the vertebrae. It is prescribed for suspected growths. In addition, x-rays show problems with bones and joints of the spine.
- Imaging is required to obtain clear ideas about the form and nature of changes in the spine, surrounding soft tissues, to detect the compression of the nerves.
The survey results provide information about the patient’s condition and allow you to prescribe a treatment.
Treatment of diseases in which there are osteophytes
If diagnosed osteophytes of the spine, respectively, refers to the following methods of treatment.
In such cases, appoint:
- At an early stage and in mild enough treatment through the administration of drugs to relieve swelling and inflammation (Ibuprofen; Voltaren).
- To eliminate muscle tension and use b vitamins; nicotinic acid.
- To neutralize the pain and inflammation prescribe different solutions, ointments, which smear the sore spot (on the Advice; Finalgon).
What are the ways to get rid of the growths of the spine?
A separate type of treatment is physiotherapy. Thanks to it is stimulation of muscle activity conducive to improving the blood supply to the spine, which positively affects its flexibility and muscles.
Exercises depend on the stage of the lesion.
Certain types of formations can be treated by acupuncture and massage.
If there is swelling, the doctor may prescribe hirudotherapy.
But it is worth considering that exacerbation of the violation the person must comply with bed rest, avoid stress and, accordingly, do not do therapeutic exercises, pause the massage.
From folk treatments that help to neutralize the pain, you can apply these recipes:
- The flowers of hawthorn (3 tbsp) to make 0.5 liters of boiling water. Infuse for half an hour and drink 20 minutes before meals in 50 ml.
- Pour 0.25 l of boiling water 1 tbsp. l. elderberry. 15 minutes keep in a water bath and drink four times a day, 10 ml.
If the growths identified in the advanced form, then apply surgery. This is because when running lose there education in the neighboring vertebrae.
The operation performs a release of nervous structures, removal of growths.
To get rid of pain immediately after surgery, but sometimes neurological symptoms bother you for a long time.
This is due to irreversible damage of the nerves. Sometimes an intervention is contraindicated because the presence of certain diseases can delay recovery.
Therefore at treatment it is necessary to pay close attention. Also, when choosing a method of eliminating growths it is necessary to consider the reasons for their occurrence.
If you develop degenerative process, efforts should focus on his treatment and to eliminate growths in the same time.
If surgery is required, an implementation will delete all the unnecessary education.
If the operation is not provided, the osteophytes are trying to manage conservatively. Practice proves that even the implementation of the operation does not give a complete cure of the lesion.
To prevent violations is to comply with the rules:
- active lifestyle;
- the correct posture;
- do not sleep on a high pillow;
- in sedentary work to do exercises for the back and neck.
You cannot self-medicate, which basically leads to the operating table.
As soon as any signs of growths, you should not delay — immediately contact your doctor. So there is still the possibility of cure of the disease without surgery.