Osteoporosis in women: prevention and treatment of disease
Osteoporosis — bone tissue destruction, which is often accompanied by fractures. This insidious disease is more frequently diagnosed in women, especially during menopause. According to statistics, the cause of 7 out of 10 fractures becomes osteoporosis.
In this disease impaired synthesis updating bone tissue. Old tissue is destroyed and the new not formed. This process happens in almost every person after the age of 40, so you need not to forget about prevention to prevent the disease.
Osteoporosis can affect the joints of the spine, hip, knee, shoulder. This disease often affects people:
- sitting on a diet, which restricts the ingestion of calcium;
- not enough time spend on the sun, therefore they receive less vitamin D for calcium absorption;
- leading a sedentary lifestyle.
Causes and symptoms of the disease
Osteoporosis mostly occurs in women after 45 years, when it comes to menopause. This is due to hormonal imbalance in the body. Reduced levels of estrogen, which is responsible for metabolism in the bones. The balance between synthesis and breakdown of bone is disturbed, shifting in the negative direction. Osteoporosis can develop after taking medications that reduce estrogen.
To provoke the appearance of diseases can:
- rheumatoid arthritis;
- malfunctions of the thyroid gland;
- bowel disease;
- drinking alcohol and Smoking;
- lack of calcium and vitamin D;
- long taking certain hormonal drugs;
- genetic predisposition.
The danger of the disease is that symptoms often do not manifest for many years. To identify the disease is possible only with the help of x-rays or ultrasound which determines the bone density. The first visible signs of osteoporosis appear with a significant weight loss of bone tissue. There is pain and discomfort in the spine, especially at night, to be in a static posture for a long time becomes difficult.
Sometimes diagnostics identifies the decline in growth of 1 cm or more. Subsequently can be fixed and other symptoms of osteoporosis in women, for example, frequent fractures, typical of this disease. More vulnerable to fractures of the clavicle, the spine, femoral neck, rib, shoulder. The bones heal very slowly. A third of women after a hip fracture become disabled. Sometimes years can develop curvature of the spine. Dryness and brittleness of hair, muscle cramps can also indicate the beginning of the disease.
Methods of dealing with osteoporosis
The disease can be triggered by many factors, and today a clear scheme for how to treat osteoporosis does not exist. Each form of the disease requires an individual approach and drugs for treatment may vary. Effective therapy only when the diagnosis of factors that cause illness.
Treatment of osteoporosis must solve the following tasks:
- slowing the reduction of bone mass;
- weight gain bones;
- the prevention of fractures;
- reduction of pain in back and bones;
- improvement of motor function.
Treatment must include medication and procedures that contribute to restoration of the damaged areas. Uses drugs that affect the metabolism in bone tissue, maintain the level of calcium. The treatment lasts long enough. Medications only appoint a doctor to choose the drugs themselves dangerous to health.
Symptomatic therapy of the disease.
When pain symptoms of osteoporosis of the spine in women treatment involves the following steps:
- bed rest that can last up to two weeks;
- pain relief using anti-inflammatory drugs, antidepressants and analgesics;
- the use of orthopedic devices for fixation of the spine (crutches, canes, corsets);
- exercises, which provide a limited stress on the joints.
About the effectiveness of treatment can be judged in terms of bone density. For osteoporosis, drugs used in inhibiting a decrease in bone mass (estrogen) that stimulates bone formation (fluoride, anabolic steroids), and multifunctional products (vitamin D, ipriflavone).
In addition to medical treatment, is widely used the use of mechanical devices that minimize the risk of fractures, especially the hip joints. Treatment of osteoporosis of the spine requires a special approach, it is the most common type of the disease in women.
The most effective and standard method of dealing with the disease is hormonal therapy using estrogens. Today the pharmaceutical market offers a variety of hormonal drugs, which are widely used in menopause. Preferably, the use of natural hormones, which have a more mild effect than artificial. Sometimes the decrease of estrogen in lieu of using progesterone.
Hormonal drugs are sold in the form of gels, tablets, solutions for injections, patches. After applying this therapy there is an increase in bone mass by 4-5%, the frequency of fractures decreases. Today, for the treatment of osteoporosis often are assigned to a combination of drugs. Due to the progestin component reduces the risk of developing cancer. Treatment with these drugs should carry out a loop.
Combined hormonal medications slow down bone loss and improve the General condition of women during menopause. There are drugs for external use (estrogel, divigel) causing fewer side effects than oral means.
Nutrition: the importance of calcium
Diet for osteoporosis involves a special diet, saturating the body with calcium, as well as normalizing metabolic processes. From the menu you need to avoid foods that leach calcium and contain fatty acids. We are talking about coffee, chocolate products, mayonnaise, alcohol, soda, etc. for osteoporosis need to minimize the consumption of meat. The presence of phosphorus prevents proper absorption of calcium.
The products that you need for osteoporosis.
Diet for cholesterol should be frequent and fractional. Diet compiled a doctor to avoid worsening the patient’s condition.
Traditional methods of treatment and prevention of disease
Unconventional methods can be used only as a Supplement to the basic treatment. They will help to minimize the adverse effects of the drug or enhance its effectiveness. Quick knitting of fractures result using the following recipes.
Allowed the use of a mixture of liquors. 300 g of infusion knotweed is mixed with 400 g of infusion of horsetail. Take before meals for 1 tablespoon. The course lasts 2-3 weeks.
Prevention of osteoporosis in women are essential to eliminate manifestations of the disease. There are rules under which strengthens the skeletal system, prevents the occurrence of injuries and fractures. A set of preventive measures may vary depending on condition, age and lifestyle of the person.
Basic preventive measures:
- to control the menstrual cycle and regularly visit the gynecologist;
- to perform simple exercises, controlling the load;
- to provide the required amount of calcium and important minerals in the body;
- lead an active lifestyle.