Pain in the forearm: osteoarthritis, arthritis or overexertion
Sudden pain in the forearm can cripple any person. It can be acute, pulling, cutting, blunt and even pulsating. The nature of the pain syndrome that occurs in the forearm depends on what exactly was the cause of its manifestation.
Strong pronounced pain in the forearm is often caused by various abnormalities in the forearm muscles or disturbances in the ligaments or cartilage. In addition, severe pain in the area of the forearm can occur due to various injuries of bones, arteries, veins, joints and the nervous fibres of the upper limb.
Physical strain, cramp or muscle strain?
Perhaps the most unpleasant sensation of pain in his forearm occur after prolonged and strenuous exercise, which are directly related to the work of the hands. In this disease syndrome pain at first is localized in the area of the forearm near the elbow joint with the outer side of the arm. The pain in the forearm is greatly enhanced when performing the active movements of the hand, especially when lifting different weights.
If, due to various reasons the patient is forced to continue her work with high load on the hands, in this case, the pain becomes more acute and begins to spread around the forearm, covering its inner side and going down to the brush. Regular overload of the muscle tissue of the forearm, associated with, for example, peculiarities of the patient, over time, becomes chronic and becomes the cause of the appearance of the hand degenerative processes. They are characterized by aching pain in the hand, the intensity of which increases during compression of the fingers in a fist or with different strokes.
Pain in convulsions
A cramp is a sudden involuntary contraction of one of the forearm muscles or muscle groups. This pathology most commonly affects the muscles of the lower extremities, especially the tibia. However, some patients may experience pronounced muscle spasms of the shoulder and forearm.
Usually muscle cramps occur in a person due to disorders of metabolism and poor circulation in the hands, but also because of the severe muscle fatigue. Cramps in the forearm is characterized by very strong and pronounced pain in the upper limb, which the patient suffers with great difficulty. Such muscle spasms are sudden, but very quickly pass.
Pain in muscles
During a strong and sudden movements with your hands, a person may accidentally pull a muscle of the forearm that occurs quite severe pain in the hand. Stretching the muscle tissues in the forearm usually occurs as a result of very sharp and strong movements of the upper limbs, including hands. The muscles of the forearm are particularly susceptible to the people who are active sports that will require the active work of his hands, for example, tennis, Boxing, wrestling, basketball or volleyball. Stretching the muscles, the patient has soft tissue swelling of the forearm, causing the arm can significantly increase in size. During the feelings the limb of the patient usually feels quite severe pain.
Pain when touching the injured arm may persist from several days up to several weeks. The pain in the forearm is greatly enhanced during active movements of the hands, especially strongly manifested in the wrist joint.
Pain when fractures
A stress fracture occurs in humans due to regular heavy loads. Usually the damage to the bone tissue of the forearm appears when his hand daily for a long time are very serious physical effects and eventually lose their natural ability to compensate for this stress. Such injuries are not uncommon for athletes who themselves are increasing the load and thereby violating the established training regimen.
Traumatic fractures. There are two basic groups of signs of traumatic fracture of the forearm in humans:
Likely. Have the following symptoms:
Authentic. Characterized by the following features:
A sore arm or forearm arthritis
Arthritis is a serious disease in which the joints and surrounding soft tissues of the patient noted a pronounced inflammation. Sometimes arthritis occurs in the acute form, but sometimes it can turn into chronic stage. The main symptoms of this serious disease is the pain and uncomfortable feeling in the joint, as if it bound the iron fetters. Arthritis can affect any joint: like an elbow, and wrist. But in any case, the pain always pays in the region of the forearm.
In addition to pronounced pain syndrome, in a patient with arthritis may experience other signs of this disease, namely:
- deformation of the joint;
- the deterioration of the mobility of the patient’s hands;
- a strong crunching in the joint during the execution of even minor physical exertion;
- redness of the skin.
Osteoarthritis is a severe degenerative-dystrophic lesions of the joints. It manifests itself in humans as a result of damage to the cartilage located on the articular surfaces and provides normal operation of the joint. In the early stages of the disease a person experiences pain only after intense physical work or exercise, which quickly pass. However, over time the disease progresses to the second or third stage pain syndrome becomes very strong. At this point, the pain was no longer localized to the wrist or the elbow joint, but also captures and forearm. At this point the pain begins to torture the patient even at rest, including during sleep.
In addition, osteoarthritis is characterized by the following symptoms:
Carpal tunnel syndrome
Carpal tunnel syndrome appears in person because of the strong compression of the nerve in the spaces of the wrist joint, passing between the bones of the skeleton and cartilage tissue of the patient. Carpal tunnel syndrome is quite often occurs due to large and rapid changes in the human body hormone levels that occur in women during pregnancy or menopause. In addition, this disease often affects people suffering from diabetes. However, most often carpal tunnel syndrome can be caused by peculiarities of the patient. As you know, this disease usually affects people who are forced to spend many hours at the computer.
The first symptoms of this disease are numbness and slight tingling in the forearm and palm, which are then transferred to a burning sensation and severe pain, sometimes radiating to the fingertips. Clinical manifestations of carpal tunnel syndrome are characterized by severe pain spread to all parts of the hands, in particular the forearm and shoulder, and sometimes reaching even to the neck and head. Pain occur the patient usually at night or early in the morning.
Over time, in addition to pain, the patient noted a significant reduction in the sensitivity of the skin in the forearm, and sometimes the entire hand. At the beginning of the disease the massage of the brush and the shaking of the hand help to achieve the reduction of symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome. Later, however, these methods lose their effectiveness.
Upon waking patients often there is a noticeable swelling of the brush. In addition, they may complain that after sleeping for the next two hours or more it is difficult to do any delicate work with your fingers.
Arterial circulation disorders
The cause of severe pain in the forearm can be a significant reduction or almost complete blockage of the arteries of the human upper limb. This is due to deposits on the walls of blood arteries of cholesterol, calcium salts and other harmful substances. This disorder is called atherosclerosis.
The result is a marked reduction of the lumen in the arteries to the muscle tissue of the patient receives a much smaller amount of blood that is necessary to supply muscle with oxygen and other nutrients. Because of this, in the forearm develop severe pain, whose intensity grows with the development of the disease. Pain are most strongly manifested during the execution of physical activity, both challenging and very mild. While in the relaxed state blood flow to the forearms and hands of the patient may be almost at a normal level.
If the patient has acute blockage of the vessel, in this situation the pain occur very rapidly and could increase substantially when the feeling of the forearm.
This is a very common disease occurs in a patient due to blockage of the venous vessels, which creates an obstacle to normal outflow of blood from the upper limbs. The disease is usually accompanied by inflammatory process in the vessel walls, which often goes to a nearby soft tissue. The main symptoms of venous thrombosis is severe pain in the forearm and swelling of the soft tissues. In addition, when feeling the forearm, the patient usually feels pretty strong pain.
However, it is important to note that the pain that occurs when a venous thrombosis is usually not characterized by any typical features. They are completely different: as aching and spasmodic, as blunt and sharp as strong and weak.