Pain in the hip joint: causes and treatment

The hip joint consists of the femoral head and the spherical shape of the acetabulum of the pelvis, which is a deep smooth groove of a round shape. It serves for flexion, extension, rotational movements and cushioning of the thigh. Disease of the hip joint, considerably complicates a person’s life, therefore, it is necessary to establish the cause of the pain.

Боль в тазобедренном суставе: причины и лечение

The structure of the hip joint

  • Disease in children
  • Causes of joint pain during pregnancy
    • Prevention of pain during pregnancy

  • Joint pain: causes

    Pain in the hip joint can appear for different reasons: because of damage to the joint on both the right and left, as well as bones, cartilage or ligaments near him. Often with pain symptom numbness and limitation of motion around the hip. Diseases of the hip joint can appear at any age, but most often concerned the elderly. When the pain is advisable to contact the doctor-the therapist, he will appoint a primary survey and recommends what doctor should I go.

    The reason why it hurts the hip joint:

  • Fracture in the hip joint.
  • Necrosis of the femoral head.
  • Arthritis.
  • The bursitis.
  • Tendonitis.
  • Sprain.
  • The period of pregnancy.
  • Боль в тазобедренном суставе: причины и лечение

    Pain in the joint may disturb the young mother

    Is the most dangerous fracture in the hip joint. Fracture of the femoral neck and acetabulum often occurs in the elderly, in males happens less than in women. This is due to the reduction of bone strength and low physical activity. When fracture occurs, the displacement of the bones, pain in the hip joint, swelling and hematoma. To confirm the fracture prescribe x-rays and CT scans of the damaged area. Treatment of a fracture involves complex surgical and conservative methods, and full immobilization of the injured limb, without the ability to lie on your side.

    Aseptic necrosis of the femoral head

    Occurs from damage to metabolic processes and blood circulation. As a result of disease is the death of bone substance of the femur where it is most fit to acetabulum. In protracted illness, the head of the femur may completely destroyed acetabulum is deformed, it leads to complete immobilization of the limb.

    Causes of aseptic necrosis:

  • Vascular — associated with the current blood supply and alteration of the coagulability and viscosity of blood. This leads to a decrease in the supply of cartilage and decreasing its elasticity.
  • Great work joint. The disease most often affects professional athletes and people who are overweight.
  • Disorders of metabolic processes in the body.
  • Caused due to several genetic factors, such as the intensity of destruction and formation of bone tissue, sex and age of the person. Most often the disease appears in men older than 30 years.
  • Pain in the hip necrosis appear suddenly and may not be for a long time, increasing during sleep. In the future, there is a significant weakening of the thigh muscles, the leg is reduced in diameter by 3-4 cm, reduced range of motion, the joints won’t stop hurting.

    Боль в тазобедренном суставе: причины и лечение

    Stage avascular necrosis of the femoral head

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    In the first stages of necrosis, the treatment is aimed at reducing the destruction of bone substance bone, removal of pain symptoms and increased function of the joint. At the last stage of the disease is possible only surgical treatment. When the disease has reached a severe stage, the joint is replaced with artificial prosthesis.

    Arthritis: symptoms

    Hip pain often associated with arthritis. It is a common name for a large number of diseases that cause inflammation and deformity of the joints.

    Severe pain in hip at night is one of the symptoms of this disease. For more arthritis is characterized by inflammation and stiffness in the joints, back pain and local fever.

    One of the most dangerous diseases considered to be rheumatoid arthritis. It affects multiple joints, including the shoulder and knee. In most common in people of middle age. Arthritis of the hip joint occurs in women more often than men. This is due to the instability in hormonal levels, which increases the risk of inflammation.

    Боль в тазобедренном суставе: причины и лечение

    Arthritis of the hip joint

    Unfortunately, these diseases cannot be cured. Doctors do not recommend self-treatment with folk remedies, this can only worsen the disease. What to do if you have pain in the hip? It is better to contact the rheumatologist for the appointment of a full treatment.

    Bursitis: the main symptoms and methods of treatment

    The hip joint is covered with a synovial Bursa, which sometimes becomes inflamed, causing the bursitis.

    The main symptoms of bursitis:

    • acute and burning pain, especially when lying on its side, spreading across the surface of the thigh;
    • with the development of the disease the onset of pain in the lower back;
    • increased discomfort when moving the foot;
    • increase in pain after prolonged sitting, back pain;

    If you get an infection it is possible the emergence of purulent bursitis, which is characterized by acute pain in the hip. For this type of bursitis is characteristic symptom is the impossibility of complete extension of the legs. When pressing the felt seal, which can spread over a large surface of the femur. Perhaps the appearance of pain in the lower back.

    How to treat bursitis? Treatment of folk remedies of this disease ineffective. The decrease in physical activity, the use of anti-inflammatory drugs, the use of crutches to reduce the load on the damaged joint, to reduce severe pain injections of drugs containing hormone treatment in the hip joint. In rare cases it is necessary to treat by surgically removing the inflamed Bursa. After surgery, mobility of the joint is not reduced.

    Tendonitis: symptoms and treatment

    Inflammation of the tendons is tendinitis. This disease often causes severe pain in the hip during movement and standing. Inflammation of the tendons can occur due to the accumulation of excess fluid or infection. In the presence of the disease there is the characteristic crunch.

    Disease of the hip joints occur in elderly and middle-aged due to the decrease elasticity of tendons. The most susceptible tendenita the tendons in the hands. The risk groups are athletes due to the large load on the muscles and tendons during training.

    READ  Rheumatoid arthritis: treatment of folk remedies, effective methods

    Боль в тазобедренном суставе: причины и лечение

    Fabric wear and tendons are more susceptible to stress and injury.

    In the treatment of tendinitis definitely splint or plaster, make cold and hot compresses. Sometimes, to relieve the inflammation, administered injections into the region of the patient’s joint. To smear by any means without prescription the affected area is undesirable, this can lead to the progression of the disease. For full recovery treatment courses are held approximately every two weeks for two months. In the chronic form are surgically removed inflamed tissue or calcium deposits in the affected area.

    A sprain in the hip symptoms

    As a result of injuries in a fall or an accident can sometimes be a sprain of the thigh, is often found in athletes. For sprains are characterized by a sharp pain after the injury, the increase of sensitivity in the affected area, damage to the blood vessels bruising. When stretching in the hip joint the treatment prescribed by the surgeon. After stretching the ligament more susceptible to injury, so you need to be very careful this doesn’t happen again.

    The doctor needs to carefully examine the injury, especially if there is a hematoma, to investigate the cause of the bruise. How to get rid of pain when you stretch? Be sure to use cooling compresses several times each day to reduce swelling. To strengthen the muscles assigned to physiotherapy. But don’t actively engage in sports, it can lead to the deterioration of muscles. To reduce the load on a damaged hip, in some cases, the doctor advises to use crutches when walking.

    Боль в тазобедренном суставе: причины и лечение

    Sprain of the hip joint is one of the most common injuries

    Disease in children

    Diseases of the hip joint affect not only adults but also young children. Even in utero the fetus can begin to develop pathology of the pelvis. Congenital dislocation of the hip joint is one of the most serious diseases of the locomotor apparatus in young children. Upon detection of pathology of the emergency treatment — this will help you avoid disability in the future. To rectify the dislocation necessarily imposing regulatory Shin on the leg with the restriction of lying on his side, pulling legs with weights. Surgical intervention is used for children older than 4 years.

    Sore leg in the hip joint when epiphysiolysis of the femoral head. Most often seen in adolescents suffering from excess weight.

    Signs of this disease:

  • Apparent shortening of leg length.
  • High position of the thigh in the region of the greater trochanter.
  • Restriction of movement and cushioning of the feet.
  • The disease occurs when the imbalance of growth and sex hormones. From lack of hormones, the strength of the pelvic bones is significantly reduced, which leads to a shift of the femur. When epitomize in the hip treatment is only surgical. It is held on two joints at once, so if to a greater extent affected joint on the right, the left will operate is necessary.

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    The ischial-pubic sinkankas van Neck affects children from 7 years. The pain in the groin and hip region are increased by motion and touch. The disease is diagnosed on radiographs and according to the General analysis of blood.

    Боль в тазобедренном суставе: причины и лечение

    Congenital dislocation of the hip joint is one of the most serious diseases in young children

    Right side with dedication in the area of the hip joint bothers and inflammation of internal organs: appendicitis or ovaries, so it is better to consult a doctor for a General examination of the body. If it hurts on the right, it is advisable to be checked for the presence of umbilical or inguinal hernia.

    Leg in the hip joint may ache from prolonged lying on side or sitting in an uncomfortable position. Common cause of pain in the lower back is sedentary work. Every hour have to do a little break and warm up. It is desirable to work in a special chair with a stiff high back.

    Causes of joint pain during pregnancy

    During pregnancy a woman’s body undergoes great changes, which often leads to pain in the back and legs. Late-term pregnant often complain of discomfort. Often pregnant women go to the doctor with a question when lying on his side, why there is pain. Reasons:

  • Hormonal changes during pregnancy reduce the elasticity of the muscles, which causes pain in the hip joint.
  • The increase of the uterus creates extra stress on pelvis.
  • Weight gain creates a lot of pressure on your feet.
  • Lack of calcium in the body.
  • Боль в тазобедренном суставе: причины и лечение

    Back pain is considered normal during the period of carrying a child.

    To what doctor to go when the pain? Be sure to consult a therapist, who together with the gynecologist will determine what it means. After delivery the pain in the hip joint disappears.

    Prevention of pain during pregnancy

    To avoid the appearance of diseases of the hip joint are advised to observe basic rules:

  • Wear comfortable shoes with a wonderful stacked heel with a height of about 3 cm.
  • The appearance of the abdomen is necessary to wear a bandage for pregnant women.
  • Constantly monitor the posture.
  • Not to lift weights, the recommended weight is 2 kg.
  • Be sure to consume vitamin complexes recommended by the doctor.
  • Performing special exercises.
  • The role of the hip joint is very large, it induces the movement of the legs. Therefore, the appearance of pain and discomfort, immediately consult a specialist for diagnosis and promptly begin treatment.