Pain in the knee joint: treatment at home
Severe pain in the knee joint, as practice shows, is not uncommon. Many people from time to time complain of this unpleasant symptom, which prevents them to move freely and lead a normal life.
This is due to the fact that the knee joint is constantly under enormous stress associated with different physical actions (walking, running, jumping, climbing stairs, weight lifting) and overweight. This often leads to serious injuries and even diseases of the knee.
Therefore, if you are experiencing pain in the knee joint, treatment of this symptom should begin as soon as possible, before he caused serious complications.
Struggle with pain in the knee joint
To eliminate the pain in the knee joint, the treatment of which can sometimes take quite some time, it is necessary to find out the true cause of this condition. There are many factors on which a person may experience pain in the knee region. It can be as different a knee injury received, for example, at impact, and a variety of chronic diseases that can be degenerative or inflammatory basis.
Pain in the knee joint can be sharp and aching, sharp and pulling, localized in the knee and the area beneath it. Sometimes patients knee joints may not show themselves by day, starting to disturb the man only at night during sleep.
Very often knee pain is greatly enhanced when walking or running, or during squats, jumping, and walking up the stairs.
Pain relief at home
At some time limit your usual physical activities that will help to unload the diseased joint and reduce pain. Best of all, if during this period you will observe complete bed rest, getting out of bed only when absolutely necessary. Sometimes this is enough to completely get rid of knee pain. Giving your knee joint can relax you thereby protect damaged ligaments, muscles or tendons from further injury.
But you should stop any movement, including walking, and wait for the moment when the knee pain completely calm down. To provide the foot with maximum comfort and convenience, put under the sick knee, a small pillow or cushion. This offloading helps very quickly to relieve swelling around the knee and significantly reduce pain.
If you are not able to abandon Affairs and to spend a few days in bed, then try to at least as little as possible to step on the injured leg. To do this, take the cane and walking rely on it, thereby protecting the knee of the load. Even if with a cane, you still continue to limp, then you should buy 2 of the crutch, which will allow you to move, absolutely without straining the affected joint.
In addition, to enhance blood flow to the affected knee and to reduce pain need to regularly do special massage therapy. For this you need soft flowing movements to massage the area around the joint until, until the skin is slightly red. But what if that massage only increases the pain and inflammation in the joint? Then you should immediately cease all massage treatments with a sore foot.
At the time of the disease should completely abandon all bad habits, especially Smoking, because it significantly slows the healing of damaged tissues.
Treatment of heat and cold
Another proven and very well established way to eliminate a sharp and acute pain in the knee joint are applying to the painful place the bag with ice and various heat treatments. They help soothe the pain, reduce swelling of tissues and when used correctly very quickly improve the condition of the patient.
However, before you start treatment for pain in the knee joint by means of exposure to high or low temperatures, you should remember the rules:
Some doctors advise their patients alternately impact on the knee joint, then low, then high temperature, that is to perform the contrast procedure.
Bandaging a sore knee
Another effective treatment of various pains in the joint — bandaging the knee. This is best suited to the special elastic bandage which does not hinder movement, but at the same time helps to keep the diseased tissue. However it is not necessary to bandage them injured leg too tight as this can cause blood circulation disorders in lower extremities and greater swelling of the knee joint. If you make a mistake and too tight bandage on the knee, you will feel the following symptoms:
The elastic bandages helps to achieve temporary pain relief, but the true cause of the disease it does not eliminate it.
When the pain in the injured knee will slightly subside and cease to be too sharp and abrupt, you can start to execute a special complex of therapeutic exercises.
He not only treats the diseased joint, but also helps to strengthen the periarticular tissue.
This will allow you to avoid re-injury of the knee joint:
However, not all exercise is equally useful in severe pain in the knee joint. For example, running, skiing, playing football or tennis can only aggravate your situation and long delay the restoration of health and former health. Important: if you really want to get rid of knee pain, try to avoid all kinds of gymnastic exercises, which can increase the load on your sore joints.
To fight effectively, even with very strong pain and inflammation in the knee joint of modern physicians recommend taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. The medicines can be applied externally in form of ointments and orally in the form of tablets or capsules. However, sometimes in severe injuries and diseases pills and ointments cannot give the desired result. The patient is then prescribed a stronger rectal forms of anti-inflammatory drugs or painkillers special injection made directly into the diseased joint.
By far the most popular non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are:
- the paracetamol.
How to treat a special diet?
Therapeutic diet for severe pain in the knee joint is aimed at achieving the following goals:
If there is a patient of a significant number of extra pounds he prescribe a special diet, providing a significant restriction of calorie daily diet. This is achieved by the following methods:
To ensure fast and complete recovery of all damaged tissues of the knee joint, you need to make your diet as varied as possible. It is important to add more fresh fruits and vegetables, or completely switch to a vegetarian type of food.