Pain injections for pain in the back and the hernia of the spine
Every person at least once in their life has experienced back pain. This could be due to different factors. Someone the pain came from lifting, someone who has chronic diseases of the musculoskeletal system. Whatever the reasons, the man wants to eliminate the unpleasant symptoms that often interfere with normal movement.
Than to anesthetize (to stop) soreness? Nowadays there are many medicines that help to cope with pain caused by diseases such as:
- disc herniation;
- low back pain.
For the treatment these ailments can be successfully used as tablets, and injections. Under each disease are different medications that affect not only the symptoms but also the cause of the disease. To determine it, you need to consult a doctor.
Many diseases have similar symptoms. Independently, you should not use painkillers. The wrong treatment can exacerbate the condition and cause serious complications.
What is sciatica
Sciatica refers to diseases of the musculoskeletal system. In this disease there is damage to the nerve roots that provokes the inflammatory response. Often with sciatica already have such diseases as osteochondrosis or intervertebral hernia.
This disease is manifested by severe pain in the lumbar or cervical spine. It can appear suddenly when a person just doing normal work. The pain is so strong that there is no way to move. In carrying out the work under the tilt of the patient can not even straighten up, the pain literally paralyzes him.
With sciatica pain in a localized region of damaged nerve roots. In cervical sciatica may experience pain in the shoulders or hands. If the damage affected the thoracic spine, pain will affect the entire chest and can cause seizures.
In acute sciatica a painful phenomena appear suddenly at the slightest awkward movement or lifting heavy objects. If you use the lumbar, the pain affects not only the back but may radiate to the legs. In some cases, there is paresthesia (sensation of tingling).
Injections for sciatica
The treatment of this disease is carried out in several stages. First, the patient must keep calm. You do not want to lie on a very hard bed at the same time, it should not SAG, but the mattress use a soft or medium hardness. To avoid load during acute attacks, use crutches or a cane. We recommend wearing a warming zone.
With sciatica doctors prescribe taking pain anti-inflammatory drugs. It can be injections or tablets. The advantage of injections is that they act faster.
Injections are performed:
- local (injection done in the area of the affected root);
- in painful point of the muscle;
Some patients with diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, it is impossible to apply non-steroidal drugs for sciatica as they can provoke aggravation. In case of emergency the drug recommended to be taken half an hour after eating. Injection appointed by such drugs: Movalis, milgamma, vitamins, Ketonal, diclofenac, dikloberl, xefocam. Shown the pills ketolong and others having non-steroidal anti-inflammatory effects. With sciatica effectively apply the blockade in conditions of stationary treatment.
When physical therapy shows the use of a warming, anti-inflammatory ointments. These include:
- have experienced an unexpected side effect;
You can use pepper patch. It is applied on the affected area of the back. An effective method is also considered acupuncture.
In the presence of edema is assigned to the diuretics. It can be intravenous injection or tablets. Along with diuretics must be taken asparkam, as diuretics excrete nutrients. After the reduction of disease symptoms need to do physical therapy, do the hood ridge, massage.
Gout and its symptoms
Also severe pain, the removal of which requires the use of injection causes gout. This disease develops due to disturbed metabolism. When disruptions in the body caused by poor diet and the consumption of large amounts of meat, is the deposition of uric acid salts. Gout can be damaged any joints in the human body.
Gout was known during the middle Ages. It was called «disease of kings». And this was due to the fact that rich people could afford to eat meat, saturated fats dishes.
The occurrence of gout caused by the following factors:
- the abuse of alcohol;
- excessive physical load on the joints;
- frequent visits to the sauna.
For gout is characterized by such symptoms: pain in the affected joint, swelling and redness of the skin. Usually suffers first joint on the big toe. Finger is aching at any touch, wearing shoes is also causes discomfort. Sometimes patients feel the fever. Pain is felt usually at night. If untreated, complications arise with repeated gouty attacks.
In chronic gout are formed nodules under the skin called tophi. First, they don’t cause pain, but over time can develop bursitis (inflammation of the joint capsule) of the big toe. Tophi in gout can even affect the internal organs, for example heart.
Diagnosis of gout is the study of blood and urine uric acid.
Treatment and prevention of gout
To treat gout effectively, you must first change the habit to eat properly and stick to your diet. Exclude from the diet of fatty meats and fish smoked, canned food (sardines, sprats). You can eat low-fat boiled meat, not more than 300 g a week.
Do not eat strong meat and fish broths. Salt should also be limited. Permitted to use 1/2 tsp of salt per day. It is better to slightly salt ready meals. It is recommended to eat as many vegetables and fruits. Diet gout is considered the most important component of treatment.
To relieve acute pain and inflammation in the affected joints is possible only with medication. When gout is assigned to a drug called colchicine. It has a therapeutic effect in the initial stages of the disease. But this medicine has side effects: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, etc. to avoid such symptoms, the medication is slowly administered intravenously.
In the absence of a positive result of therapy with colchicine is recommended NSAIDs — non-steroidal painkillers. This group of drugs include:
As medicine has many NPRC, it is impossible to determine which one is better in gouty attacks. It depends on the sensitivity of the patient. Also important is the stage of the disease and side effects that have a tendency to manifest itself in different ways.
Although steroidal agents have an analgesic effect in a short time, they have a number of contraindications. Patients with diseases of the gastrointestinal tract may be recommended treatment with injections of corticosteroids. This prednisone and triamcinolone. The drug is administered intramuscularly. In some cases, injections of these drugs are made in the area of the patient’s joint.
Patients with gout should control the level of uric acid in the body. So there may be medications that block its production or help rid her kidneys. Such drugs include:
People diagnosed with chronic gout, regularly have to be treated with drugs that reduce the levels of uric acid. You want to change the way of life. Avoid alcohol and foods that contain large amount of purine. This will help control weight and reduce the appearance of gout attacks.
Blockade of intervertebral hernias
Apply painkillers have and those who have herniated discs.Severe back pain can be caused by a herniated spine. Over time, if not to seek medical care and possible complications.
Symptoms of a hernia are manifested by numbness of the limbs, and edema. Possible disability. To alleviate the patient’s condition, treatment analgesic and anti-inflammatory drugs. Injections are made intramuscularly. The blockade is also used when injections are made into the affected area. There are epidural and paravertebral blockade.
When back pain blockade do injections of lidocaine, novocaine. Intramuscularly administered diclofenac, Movalis, mydocalm. These drugs have analgesic action and relieve inflammation in the herniated spine. Swelling should be taken diuretics: furosemide, lasix.
The pills should be undertaken with caution. Any NSAIDs are able have a detrimental effect on the health of patients with gastritis, peptic ulcer, impaired renal function. So before you start medication, you must inform the doctor about the existing concomitant diseases. Any treatment should be under medical supervision.