Physical therapy in osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine

Physical therapy in osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine is a type of therapy which jointly with other techniques improves and accelerates the healing process. Today lumbar degenerative disc disease is a fairly common disease in people aged 35-45 years, but due to the sedentary lifestyle that embraces modern youth and teenagers, in recent years the illness has «rejuvenated».

The disease can be treated in different ways: massage, medications, surgical intervention. Therapeutic exercise is of great importance in the treatment of degenerative disc disease of the lumbar and is an excellent prevention of relapse in the future.Лфк при остеохондрозе поясничного отдела позвоночника

Symptoms and causes of disease

In addition to a sedentary lifestyle, there are other factors influencing the development of the disease:

  • injuries of the spine, stooped posture;
  • the weakness of the back muscles;
  • working with heavy objects;
  • sudden movement;
  • a long stay in an uncomfortable position;
  • the metabolic disorders;
  • hypothermia;
  • flat feet;
  • stressful situation;
  • unbalanced load on your back muscles;
  • heredity.

Its main symptoms are pain of different character (sharp, dull, aching, burning etc.) in the back or lower back. Lumbar pain can be accompanied by numbness. Because back problems can pose a serious threat to the human body, the appearance of these symptoms you must immediately go to the doctor for statement of correct diagnosis and treatment.

Exercises for lumbar osteochondrosis clearly imply a balanced load on the body. Physiotherapy is a supporting element during the course of therapy.

A set of elements from the prone position

Physical therapy in lumbar degenerative disc disease includes items which should be done from the prone position, standing, sitting. This set of exercises suitable for patients who have lumbar disease has become chronic. If the disease is in the acute stage, exercises for lumbar osteochondrosis, as regular exercise is absolutely contraindicated.

The complex from the initial prone position consists of the following elements.

READ  The immaturity of hip joints: causes, symptoms, treatment
  • Lie on the floor, on your back, bend feet in knees, hands pull along the trunk. Tighten your abdominal muscles with the greatest possible force, without holding the breath, the back should be slightly curved. If completing this item, do you feel the painful symptoms, it should be easier: tilt legs. Lumbar-sacral osteochondrosis this exercise will increase the elasticity of the intervertebral joints and the functionality of the spine in the lower back. Repeat 10 – 12 times.
  • Lying on your back, extend your legs and put your hands behind your head. Lift 15 – 20 cm upper part of the body units, lock onto this position for 8 – 10 seconds. Then slowly lower the body to the surface. If the position of the hands makes it difficult to implement element, then pull them in front of him. Such exercises with lumbar degenerative disc disease when performed regularly will strengthen the muscles of the waist and abdomen. Make 10 – 12 calls.
  • Being in starting position, bend your right leg at the knee and put the palm of his left hand. Start your foot movement to the side of the head, and palm in the opposite direction, pushing the foot away from himself. Make this movement 8 to 10 seconds. Change limbs. This element will run for 7 – 8 reps.
  • Take the initial position and fully relaxed, begin to slowly move legs to the side at the maximum possible height for you, while curving to the same side of the upper part of the body. Softservices in this position for 5 – 6 seconds. Take the initial position and repeat the element in the other direction. At these movements, it is important that the spine is strongly curved, resulting in the workout not only lower back but whole back. Repeat the movement in different directions for 6 – 7 times.
  • Strike a pose lying on belly, extending to the width of your shoulders feet. Slowly start to lift one outstretched leg maximum at a distance of 10 – 15 cm from the floor units, lock onto this position for 6 – 8 seconds. Slowly lower your leg and do the same movement with the other leg. Such exercises will help to straighten your posture, and prevent curvature of the spine. Follow the gymnastics element 10 times.
  • Regularly doing these exercises, you will strengthen your muscles, their elasticity will be significantly improved. This exercise with lumbar osteochondrosis the next day will cause muscle pain, which is quite normal. Any exercise cause a similar feeling of an inexperienced person. After a few days the pain will subside. If not, you need to stop doing the complex gymnastics to seek medical attention.

    Лфк при остеохондрозе поясничного отдела позвоночника

    READ  Spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia of the upper and lower extremities: the causes, life expectancy

    A set of exercises from a standing position and sitting

    Set a chair, kneel, pull down on the seat head, next placing hands. At the maximum voltage of the muscles start flexing the back. Softservices in this position for 6-8 seconds, then very slowly and gently, not making sudden movements, lignite back in the opposite direction. Repeat this exercise 8 times. Then perform movement in the same way, curving the spine sideways.

    Physiotherapy in lumbar osteochondrosis involves performing element with a highly established bar. Make grip hands on the crossbar, relax. Part of the body above the waist try not to move, while slowly turning the bottom first right, then left.

    Sitting on the floor, extend your left leg, while the right fold and pull to the side. Start slow the movement of the body forward, trying to reach to the foot. Lumbar-sacral osteochondrosis this movement can be performed more quickly than the previous one, but without sharp jerks. Make your item 10 – 12 times.

    Need any support, which at home will work great the door in the open position. Stand up and grasp her hands, trying to reach as high as possible. Then at a slow pace, without jerks, squat, still holding the top of the door. Stretch thus the spine for 60 – 100 seconds. Take rest 1 – 2 minutes and do the exercise 3 – 4 times. Regular performance of this element will reduce the pressure on the discs.

    When performing gymnastics, try to consider the following recommendations:



    Relaxation The body should be as relaxed.
    Tone the working muscles The voltage must be those muscles that are involved in the execution element.
    Proper dynamics of the movement Move slowly, without jerks and sudden movements.
    Control health If you experience discomfort or pain at the time of eliminate the element that caused such a reaction, from complex.
    The regularity of charge Do the exercises daily.
    Massage Very well end classes massage, this will contribute to greater muscle elasticity.

    For effective results it is desirable to perform the whole complex of exercises described. After each block take a break for 20-30 minutes.