Physical therapy in scoliosis: a description of the exercises and their features
Exercise therapy for scoliosis — a necessary condition for eliminating all symptoms of this disease. When the disease is curvature of the spine in lateral planes. In medicine distinguish simple (non-structural) and hard (structural) variants of the disease.
The essence of the disease and its types
Unstructured form of the curvature implies the absence of gross changes in the vertebrae of the spine. The cause can be poor posture caused by reflexive muscle tension when experiencing pain. When Troubleshooting the causes of such a curvature, the spine is usually restored.
Structural options of curvatures may be congenital and acquired. The cause of these changes in the spine can be trauma, tumors, congenital abnormalities, osteoporosis. In addition to ailments and injuries of the spine, a structural variant of scoliosis can cause diseases and congenital changes of muscles, such as dystrophy, myopathy and others. Contribute to the development of scoliosis disorders of metabolic processes in the body. Such abuses include rachitis, nephrogenic osteopathy, etc.
The main factor determining the pattern of disease is the extent to which changes in the spine. Currently used rating system, developed by V. D. Chaklin in 1958.This system allocates a number of degrees of curvature depending on the magnitude of the violations.
Recognition curvature of the spine in the early stages is an important factor of success in treatment. A systematic approach to therapeutic measures able to prevent the progression of the disorders. Examination in the detection of the disease is in the sitting position, standing, lying down and different slopes. Scoliosis in children should visit the pediatrician, podiatrist, and physician, a specialist in physical therapy.
The visual identification of signs of scoliosis, usually performed radiography of the spine in two projections: lying and standing. The survey not only allows you to detect curvature of the spine, but also gives the opportunity to identify congenital deformities. The amount of curvature is measured on x-rays in a standing position.
Principles and methods of treatment of the disease
Scoliosis is a disease of the musculoskeletal system of humans associated with changes in posture. The study of this disease are engaged in podiatrists. The specialists of this area of medicine develop methods and techniques for the treatment of scoliosis. Distinguished surgical and conservative methods of therapy. Most often the detection of scoliosis is recommended to sleep on a hard surface, over which it is necessary to put a thin mattress.
Primary indications for operative treatment may change. They fully depend on the age, which manifest violations, and the psychological problems that arise in connection with illness of the patient. In addition, the possibility of using surgical intervention can influence the localization of curvature and its degree. Surgery is used by physicians, if the funds of the conservative therapy was not given the proper result.
In surgical methods of correcting distortion are special metal rods. Using them is the immobilization of the departments in which the detected curvature. Surgical intervention is used primarily in strong distortions that cannot be corrected other ways.
Physiotherapy is an effective method of therapy
Bloodless effective treatment of curvatures of the spine is to use antiscaling gymnastics and corneotherapy. The medical complex consists of three stages:
- moralizirovaniya curvature of the spine;
- the correction of the deformed portion of the spine;
- of spine stabilization achieved after the correction position.
One of the most common methods of correcting the curvature is physical therapy for scoliosis. Gymnastics is effectively used for elimination of violations in the development of the disease in children. The best results exercise for scoliosis of 1 degree.
Exercise for scoliosis has a stabilizing effect on the spine in General and various divisions in particular. Positive effect of medical gymnastics on the muscular structures surrounding the spine, strengthening them, as evidenced by appropriate video. Physical exercises allow you to achieve a corrective effect when exposed on the deformed plot. In addition, the exercises improve posture and breathing. Physical therapy for scoliosis can be applied at any stage of the development of the disease.
A complex of measures during the conservative treatment includes physiotherapy, exercises on the water, a massage course, correction of the spatial position of the spine, the elements of sports activities.
Physical therapy combined with modes of reduced static load on the spine. You can perform exercises, attending group sessions, or to engage in independently at home.
Features of the application of physical therapy
The use of exercise therapy for scoliosis depends on the degree of curvature of the spine. When the disease first, third and fourth degree exercise is used to increase the stability of the spinal column, and the detection of the disease in the second degree, exercises are necessary to correct deformities. The complex of therapeutic exercises aimed at strengthening the muscles responsible for maintaining the position of the spine and its rectification. In addition, exercises strengthen the group of oblique muscles, square the muscles in the lumbar region. Developed therapeutic systems that ensure the development and strengthening of posture, develop balance, balancing and so on.
Physiotherapy can be used on almost all stages of disease development, however, the maximum effect it would produce in the early stages of scoliosis. Exercises are selected individually for each patient and depend on the pattern of the disease. The complex must be formed exclusively by a specialist in the field of physiotherapy. In any case it is impossible to correct curvature of the spine as this can worsen the ailment.
There are two varieties of therapeutic exercises: symmetric and asymmetric. The choice of exercise for the treatment and prevention largely depends on the degree of development of disease, type and dynamics. Physical therapy, as a rule, allows to stabilize the deformation of the spine.
Independently perform allowed only so-called basic complex of exercises, which is recommended for small posture. In this case the spine turns out to be a minor effect that makes it possible to reduce the risks associated with the musculoskeletal system.
Symmetric exercises gymnastics give various symmetrical unbalanced load on the muscles of the body. Weaker muscle structure will involve more intensively, which leads to their strengthening. Due to the gym is the correction of the spine, nervous and muscular apparatus. This contributes to a balanced system, to ensure a stable position of the spine. The correctness of the implementation of a basic package of patient can control their own, based on photos and videos that you can find on the pages of specialized sites.
The set of recommended exercises you want to perform regularly, at a low pace, taking into account the recommendations of a specialist who deals with the correction of spinal curvature. After the exercise you will have 15-20 minutes to lie on your side to give your body a rest.