Plexitis shoulder joint: diagnosis and treatment of disease
Plexitis shoulder joint is a common neurological disease characterized by destruction of nerve endings in the brachial plexus. Sharp and severe pain in the region of the clavicle, which may be given in the neck, shoulder and arm — all evident signs of plexitis. There is a right or left hand the manifestation of the disease.
The area of injury is determined depending on the greatest load on the working arm. Right-handers right, left — left hand. Plexitis shoulder joint brings a lot of discomfort. In moments of manifestation of the disease a person experiences great discomfort. Routine actions become in the period of exacerbation is very difficult.
Causes and symptoms of the occurrence of plexitis
There are several reasons for the emergence of the disease. The main causes of the disease can be attributed to the following factors:
- hypothermia nerve endings of the shoulder;
- the consequences of acute infectious complications;
- mechanical damage of the shoulder joint;
- birth trauma;
- chronic degenerative disc disease of the cervical spine.
In sick people, bedridden, can also occur plexitis. This is due to the constant presence of the body in one position.
In modern medicine there are three forms of plexitis: lower, upper and total. Such forms are due to lesions of the trunks of the brachial plexus (upper or lower). Total plexitis is expressed in the manifestation of symptoms in both cases.
The main manifestation of plexitis shoulder joint is the restriction of motor functions. Fingers due to the decline in muscle strength cannot cope with the usual action. There are difficulties when bending and straightening the fingers.
Violation fine motor skills joints may further lead to partial paralysis and atrophy of muscle tissue. At the first sign of the disease should consult a doctor. Early diagnosis and timely treatment will help to avoid unpleasant consequences in the future.
The diagnosis and therapeutic measures
In conducting diagnostic measures it is important to distinguish plexitis from other neurological diseases, such as scapulohumeral periarthritis, neuritis of the brachial plexus, radiculitis of the cervical spine.
For the proper treatment of plexitis shoulder joint is necessary to accurately determine the diagnosis. For this purpose, various methods and techniques of diagnosis:
- examination of the patient by a physician at the primary stage;
- a survey of radiology;
- ultrasonography (us) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
The treatment of neurological diseases of the shoulder joint is carried out in outpatients or in a medical hospital. Anti-inflammatory therapy is conducted at the infectious stage of the disease, assigned pain relievers and inject novocaine blockade. Use of physiotherapy helps to restore and properly structure weakened muscle tissues located around joints. These activities include the following types of procedures:
- heat therapy with the use of paraffin warming compresses;
- mud baths, which have a warming effect on the muscles of the upper extremities;
- acupuncture and therapeutic shower, with beneficial effects on the nervous system of the body.
Treatment at the initial stage of the disease is aimed at relieving muscle tension and eliminate the pain. After pain relief, you can go to further treatment, which consists in the application of balneo therapy and rehabilitation physiotherapy.
It is very important that medical care the patient received in the early stages of plexitis shoulder joint. In this case, the treatment results will be better.
Treatment of folk remedies and prevention of the disease
In addition to drug therapy in a hospital, can be treated with folk remedies at home. This does not require significant funds, all of the components of home treatment is quite affordable for the effective recovery of joints. Here simple folk recipes that help a speedy recovery.
Any home treatment should be agreed with your doctor. This will help to avoid unforeseen complications.
After completed the course of treatment, it is important to perform preventive measures. A good way to reduce the risk of recurrent disease plexitis are water treatments with little physical exertion. The swimming pool will be a great place for recovery and prevention of the disease.
A balanced diet with the consumption of plant foods will stimulate the immune system. A little exercise will strengthen the muscle tissue of the joints. Leading a healthy lifestyle, you can forget about plexitis and other diseases. Watch your body and stay healthy!