Post-traumatic osteoarthritis: symptoms, treatment
Injuries of the joints and vertebrae do not go unnoticed for the body. Post-traumatic arthritis is the direct result of mechanical tissue damage. The traumatic nature of the diseases of joints, muscle, bones largely due to the received injuries.
Damage to the spine and joint tissue lead to the appearance in humans of a whole spectrum of diseases similar in their posttraumatic in nature and not in all cases predictable in terms of the severity of the consequences. Prevention of posttraumatic complications and treatment of diseases that possess this specificity is one of the most topical issues of modern medicine. Need to know: post-traumatic arthritis, and similar diseases are chronic.
The main symptoms
This disease most often affects the area of the knee joint, treatment of which requires the whole complex of medical, physiotherapy, orthopedic measures.
For posttraumatic arthrosis noted three stages. At first a person has pain only when a significant physical exertion. In the second stage osteoarthritis of the knee makes itself felt first signs of limitation of movement, during which the patient feels the pain. At this stage of post-traumatic knee osteoarthritis is distinguished by pain symptoms, passing only as long the rest of the body. In articular tissue appears disease, in humans there are changes in the functioning of the spine is symptomatic sign, which has low back pain. The third stage of joint destruction is a complete restriction of their mobility. Lateral deformation axis at the level of the knee — a sign indicating that post-traumatic arthrosis of the knee joint is moved to the third stage.
Arthrosis of the ankle joint also has a similar property. A painful symptom of both diseases leads to muscle contractions of the limbs. Osteoarthritis of the knee causes the deformation of joint tissues, destructive processes in them compounded due to the presence of the human problems of the endocrine system.
In addition to these symptoms, typical of many degenerative articular diseases, arthrosis of the knee joint is distinguished by the presence of tissue edema at the site where develops the disease. When the patient has post-traumatic osteoarthritis of the ankle joint, the above sign certainly present. Increased local body temperature will indicate problems in the joint tissues. It also occurs if you develop post-traumatic osteoarthritis of the hip or other area of feet.
Osteoarthritis of the ankle and other joints dynamic develops if the patient does not reglamentary your physical activity. This factor is one of the reasons why rapidly developing and osteochondrosis.
The factors causing the progression of the disease
If a person regularly injured the same area of the body, it leads to destructive changes in the tissues. One example is post-traumatic gonarthrosis. The greater the degree of trauma, the dynamic of the disease, bearing right, left or bilateral nature. Post-traumatic gonarthrosis is usually bilateral. It belongs to the category of secondary diseases, non-genetic conditionality that does not exclude hereditary predisposition of the body to specific degenerative-dystrophic changes of tissues.
Gonarthrosis of the knee joint develops in three stages. One of its signs is a progressing limp. It is inherent in people who have post-traumatic synovitis of the knee area. On the first of the disease indicate specific articular crunch. Initially the person experiences discomfort just where developing osteoarthritis of the knee. They after some time are replaced by pronounced pain symptoms. The patient feels pain mostly at night. Such there is if he is progressing osteoarthritis of the ankle joint. When osteoarthritis disability occurs in the third stage of the disease when the afflicted person observed deformation of the legs and a significant reduction in the quality of functioning of the limbs. Gonarthrosis of the knee joint on the first stage is not characterized by the presence of external deformation of the knee, it occurs later.
Gonarthrosis of the knee joint belongs to the category of diseases, which significantly affects the health of people during changing weather. Data quality has post-traumatic osteoporosis.
Osteoporosis is quite effectively treated with the use of conservative methods. Diet and gentle treatment is required. Osteoporosis usually passes without serious consequences, if taken in a timely manner measures of conservative therapy.
Other post-traumatic disease
No less common diagnosis is post-traumatic synovitis of the knee joint. When this inflammatory processes articular striking the shell. In the area of the affected joint special accumulates watery liquid — sinovi where synovitis of the knee joint got its name. Synovitis of the knee joint is able to develop on the background of osteoarthritis to occur because:
- ligament damage;
- fractures of the articular bone;
- pathologies of blood vessels.
Hemorrhage and disruption of the menisci are among the factors causing synovitis of the knee joint. The disease occurs because of an unsuccessful landing on his feet while jumping. Allergic, neurogenic disease, endocrine disorders often provoke synovitis of the knee joint, and it develops on the background of these diseases.
Endocrine changes in the body and may be accompanied by arthritis of the ankle joint. The disease is characterized by mostly older people, whose joint tissues are most susceptible to degenerative changes. Ankle osteoarthritis is often called the woman’s disease as primarily affects the fairer sex. High heels and uncomfortable, traumatic shoes are one of the reasons why women develop osteoarthritis of the hip joint. The latter is one of the most complex degenerative-dystrophic joint diseases, when to maintain mobility of the limbs have a chance only with surgical intervention. Osteoarthritis of the hip joint characterized persistent pain:
- in the femur;
- in the knee;
- in the groin areas.
Osteoarthritis of the hip joint is the cause of stiffness and stiffness in the limbs, in this disease the affected leg begins to shorten. Osteoarthritis of the hip joint is the cause of the lameness and degeneration of thigh muscles, leading to disability. To detect osteoarthritis of the hip joint is capable of x-ray that can detect bone growth
both internal and on the outer edge of the acetabulum. This type of diagnosis is able to detect in humans and post-traumatic arthritis. It is the leading cause are multiple mechanical damage to the joint capsule and cartilage.
Elderly women are the most numerous risk group as they are often diagnosed post-traumatic arthritis. The disease may be accompanied by minor bleeding into the joint cavity. Arthritis of the knee joint, like the ankle, characterized by swelling of joint tissue. Aching and sensation of crunching will indicate arthritis of the knee joint.
Pain syndrome would occur on a limited movable, destructive changes of the affected area. Such signs has and arthritis of the ankle joint. Sometimes patients complain of pain in the region of the finger.
Treatment of post-traumatic arthritis
If in parallel, the human body begins an inflammatory process, high temperature and chills indicate arthritis of the knee joint. In an early stage of diagnosis is considerably difficult, because when one is injured must immediately consult a doctor to prescribed treatments are able to prevent arthritis of the knee joint. In the fight against disease helps:
Prescribers and those who diagnosed and is the first stage arthritis of the ankle joint. The last disease successfully treated with acupuncture, laser and manual therapy, application of biologically active additives.
Arthritis of the ankle joint can prevent the ingestion of dietary supplements that stimulate the development of joint tissues. The most effective method of treatment in the later stages of development is the replacement, it is able to restore movement to limbs of people diagnosed with arthritis of the ankle joint. The strategy of the fight against disease depends largely on the degree of destruction of tissues and the overall health of the person. The most difficult post-traumatic arthritis of the ankle joint treated in the elderly, professional athletes and those whose work is connected with increased physical activity.
These factors complicate treatment and in those patients who have diagnosed with post-traumatic low back pain. Most chances of its occurrence in those who have:
- engaged in heavy physical work;
- don’t eat right.
Low back pain can worsen the transferred person stress and disorders of metabolic-dystrophic processes. Injury in the neck disturbs the circulation of blood, and there are prerequisites that began to develop low back pain. Especially rapidly progressing disease during the menstrual cycle in women. Low back pain is the result of a sedentary lifestyle, which contributes to the strengthening of tissues and body resistance to various diseases.
At the last stage of the disease a person develops a deforming osteoarthritis, to deal with which modern medicine is able only with the use of methods of surgical intervention.