Psoriatic arthritis: treatment of joints, nutrition, diet
Psoriasis is a skin disease that often affects the elbows and knees. Plaques can occur in the scalp, on the hands. Many question arises: how to treat psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis?
To answer this question, we need to understand what constitutes this disease. This dermatological disease is allergic in nature and requires treatment. Psoriasis can appear in people of any age, but most often they suffer the youth. The disease manifests itself in the form of rounded convex, scaly lesions — plaques. This is due to the withering away of the various parts of the top layer of the epidermis.
Causes of psoriasis
The disease is formed due to the body’s response to any external stimulus. It is a kind of Allergy. However, provoke this Allergy to various factors. These include:
- genetic predisposition to the disease;
- violation of the cycles of metabolism (metabolism);
- disorders of the nervous and endocrine systems;
- problems with the immune system;
- contact of the skin with aggressive environment.
Definitely we can say that psoriasis is not an infectious disease: it occurs under the influence of internal factors in the body, and therefore get psoriasis from another person is impossible. The specific causes that contribute to the onset of psoriasis, medicine has not yet figured out. According to one theory, the disease is divided into:
- psoriasis of the first type;
- psoriasis is the second type.
Disease psoriasis the first type is characterized by a genetic predisposition, which is associated with immune system problems, failures, or changes in its work.
The second type of disease is characteristic of people belonging to the age group over 40. This type of ailment can’t be inherited, the immune system also has no relation to him. The second type of psoriasis are able to affect not only the skin, it is possible to observe damage to the nails and joints.
According to another theory, directly related to the incidence of psoriasis is the immune system and failures in its work: stress, poor, poor nutrition, climatic conditions, infection can cause disease. To provoke the disease can alcoholic beverages such as champagne, beer, spirits. The aggravation of the disease, in addition, due to the use of chocolate, dishes with the contents of peppers and vinegar. This theory considers psoriasis as a systemic, it means that in case of serious malfunction of the immune system, the disease can spread to the joints. As a result of developing psoriatic arthritis which affects the joints, small blood vessels, feet and hands.
Symptoms of the disease
One of the symptoms of the disease — itchy red spots that are in the process of combing flaked off. Such plaques often appear on the elbows, knees, hands, lower back, scalp and areas where skin folds are formed. The fourth part of the sick celebrates the defeat of the nail plate.
The disease has a direct relationship with the seasons — seasonality. There are summer, uncertain and winter type seasonal exacerbation, the latter is the most common. During acute plaques appear in these areas. Their size varies from small «penny» spots to large areas the size of a palm, sometimes more.
Flaky particles (flakes) during a combing soskablivanija, and under them are more dense. This symptom of psoriasis is called «psoriasis». The affected area sometimes begin to crack, to fester.
During acute illness, any injury of the skin may lead to spreading of psoriatic plaques on the damaged areas. This symptom is called «koebner’s phenomenon».
Psoriasis of the hands in most cases is characterized by loss of nails. The nail plate becomes spotted, bumpy. Nails crumble, thicken. Under sunlight during the summer period there is a reduction or complete absence of symptoms in patients with winter form. Patients years form the sun’s rays cause, on the contrary, aggravation of the disease. In such cases, you should avoid direct sun on the skin.
Diagnosis and treatment
Diagnose the disease by a dermatologist. At the first symptoms — itching, redness, peeling — should be referred to a specialist. Sometimes to confirm the diagnosis or clarification you may need a biopsy of the skin.
When the diagnosis of the disease in the initial stage, it may be prescribed treatment of a preventive nature. In the case when the disease is detected in the rapidly progressing stage, is assigned one of the treatments:
Very often the cause of psoriatic arthritis is psoriasis of the skin. However, there are cases when psoriatic arthritis occurs without visible skin lesions. The disease is autoimmune, when the body makes its own cells for hostile and begins to destroy them.
Many patients suffering from psoriatic arthritis, have a genetic diseases of the joints and skin. Treatment for psoriatic arthritis of the hands is assigned based on the type of disease. These types of a few:
- symmetric arthritis;
- asymmetric psoriatic arthritis;
- type characterized by lesions of small joints of the fingers;
- deformylase arthritis.
The first type of psoriatic arthritis is characterized by symmetric defeat of the paired joints of the fingers. Very often this type of disease leads to disability and even disability. The second type, unlike the first, the joints of the fingers are affected chaotically, without symmetry. Patients with the third type of disease mainly affects the small joints of the fingers closest to the nail. The latter type of arthritis deforms and destroys the small joints.
Sometimes to the defeat of the joints of the fingers joined by a pathological disorder in the joints of the cervical and lumbosacral spine.
How to treat the disease
With all the possibilities and development of medicine up to the present time medications for complete cure from psoriasis was not found. Medications, treatments, diet is aimed at reducing symptoms and slowing disease progression. Medication it is prescribed to relieve inflammation in the joints, relieve pain. Complete or partial restoration of joint function is accomplished by use of complex methods of therapy.
An important component of treatment for psoriatic arthritis is a special diet. Diet for psoriatic arthritis is directed at maintaining acid-base balance in the body. This diet involves eating large quantities salaciously products: apples, bananas, lemon juice, grapes, alkaline water. This diet helps to improve metabolic functions in the body, cleansing of toxins. Diet with psoriatic arthritis is based on the diet Pagano.
It involves the consumption of large quantities of water and salaciously products, increase of acidity in the body to the desired level.
Psoriatic arthritis are also treated with folk remedies. In addition to the traditional medical methods of influencing the affected areas of the body recommend, and some recipes of traditional medicine. Good results the systematic use give herbal compresses, baths and decoctions.
The marsh cinquefoil in the ointment is proven as an effective way of dealing with psoriasis in traditional medicine. This treatment should be some diet. A popular folk remedy in the treatment of psoriatic arthritis is also a eucalyptus oil that is used in ointments as a pain reliever and tonic.
There are a number of effective methods of treatment of disease with traditional medicine. These include:
- treatment with Apple cider vinegar;
- using a Bay leaf;
- the use of herbs;
- the use of flax seed.
Before treatment folk remedies it is obligatory to visit a specialist who will confirm or refute the diagnosis and determine the severity of the disease and indicates the direction of therapeutic effects.