Rehabilitation after hip replacement: exercise
Rehabilitation after hip replacement is a long recovery process with the help of physical exercises and other ancillary procedures. Diseases of the joints, including the hip — some of the most common and yet dangerous. The fact that any damage of the joints has consequences, the worst of which is loss of efficiency. Fractures or any other damage to joints is also often come into disrepair. In severe cases require emergency surgery to restore human lifestyle.
Arthroplasty today is very popular in cases of severe deformities of the joints. Remove joint and then its replacement prosthesis is the only way in rheumatoid arthritis, tumors of the joints, and severe femoral neck fractures. Rehabilitation after joint replacement takes approximately 14 weeks, during which the patient needs to fully develop the joint and prepare it for daily loads. For this it is necessary to perform a set of exercises that designated doctor.
The rehabilitation period
The duration of the rehabilitation period after surgery depends on several factors. Among them — the age and physiological characteristics of the patient. As a rule, the older a person is, the slower it heals various wounds and so forth At a hip replacement should always be under medical supervision to avoid problems with recovery of motor function. In order to get used to the prosthesis, you must start moving soon after surgery, but the recovery should go on a certain schedule. The fact that once the load on the endoprosthesis is contraindicated. A special mode, in which the patient lives about 3 months.
Rehabilitation after hip replacement is divided into 5 phases (including zero phase).
Should adhere to all recommendations of the doctor, then you will quickly get on your feet. Not everyone knows, why the need for a hip replacement. As practice shows, in the last stages of degenerative joint diseases other way doctors don’t see.
Otherwise you risk to remain disabled. It is important to remember that surgery is done only when conservative treatment was useless.
The development of the disease
Why we need hip? Its main function is the connection of the trunk and lower limbs (legs). The joint is a connecting link between the bone of the pelvis and the femur, that is due to him able to move.
The hip joint is one of the main elements of the entire body, therefore, any damage has serious consequences. If to speak about the femoral neck fractures, then it requires immediate surgical intervention , since by itself, the joint is not restored. Medications will also be useless.
Pathology of the hip joint appear for different reasons. Plays the role and genetic predisposition. The risk group includes people who received repeated joint injuries. Any deformation identified at the initial stage of development of the pathology, leading to further destruction of cartilage and bone.
The most common indication for arthroplasty is a severe form of arthritis (a disease that destroys the head joint). Osteoarthritis of the hip joint is characterized by the following symptoms:
Due to the fact that the symptoms are pronounced, the disease can be recognized at early stages of development. In the clinic you need to go through x-ray examination to confirm the diagnosis and reveal the severity of the disease. The doctor then prescribes the appropriate treatment, which involves use of painkillers, non-hormonal anti-inflammatory drugs and chondroprotectors, physiotherapy and Spa treatment.
Effective treatment of osteoarthritis is homeosiniatry — introduction to acupuncture points homeopathic medicines in a specific pattern.
In more advanced cases, can not do without a hip replacement.
A hip endoprosthesis
Today surgery hip replacement are held quite often. Called total hip replacement both parts of the damaged joint (Cup and head) with artificial. Create a copy of it is not so difficult, because the design of the joint is not difficult. It is known that the classical total endoprosthesis consists of legs, cups and heads. If this spherical head is on the leg, and then inserted into another part of the Cup.
After total hip joint prosthesis the rehabilitation process is strictly supervised by a doctor. Remember that the operation of arthroplasty has not always been successful. In rare cases it is possible to get an infection or an allergic reaction. In the first case, you need to take antibiotics, the second outcome depends on the reaction of the organism to an artificial prosthesis. Today, medicine has taken care of reducing allergies — dentures are made from safe materials. Hip replacement is a solution for many people suffering from it dysfunction.
Implants can be made of metal and plastic, ceramics and plastics, clean ceramic or metal. All materials do not harm the tissues and do not cause discomfort.
Rehabilitation after joint replacement
Doctor after replacement of the hip joint counsels at home to adhere to an active lifestyle. But that does not mean you have to be a burden on the operated leg in the first month. Rehabilitation after hip replacement, usually takes about 3 months, 2 of which should be devoted to gymnastic exercises.
In the first two months you will be walking on crutches, to try to develop the foot: carefully sit, lie down, do the basic movements. In any case, do not try to stand on the operated leg, if not the past 3 months. This time, take small loads, you will increase every month. It is helpful to sit on a chair, with his legs dangling. If you’re on crutches, try the leg with the implant to take away. So you work the muscles, speeding the healing process.
How to get out of bed? This sequence: first pull healthy leg, and then puts it under the patient and gently guide down on the floor. It is not recommended to lie on poperemenno the side without a special cushion. In addition, do not abruptly turn the whole body, the movement should be careful smooth. In the rehabilitation period after hip replacement is forbidden to put one leg on another, and sit on low surfaces, as there is a risk of dislocation of the endoprosthesis head.
If you have not discovered any signs of infection, you should not abuse antibiotics. In case of pain (especially in the first month after a hip joint prosthesis) need to take painkillers.
Rehabilitation after surgery involves the following exercises:
The rehabilitation process after hip joint prosthesis takes a long time and requires a lot of patience. However, if you successfully pass this period, you will walk without problems for the next 15 years (the shelf life of the prosthesis).