Sore knee when bending: causes and treatment

Болит колено при сгибании: причины и лечениеThe knee is one of the most important joints of the human body. He performs a number of functions, without which normal movement of the person would be impossible. In addition, the knee joint is quite fragile, it is subject to constant strong stress. As a result, it can be subjected to various diseases. If the patient has a sore knee when bent, then consult a doctor as soon as possible.

Such feelings can mean not only fatigue, but also the presence of destructive or inflammatory processes in the body of the patient. Knee pain when bending can appear as a symptom of various diseases of viral and infectious nature. The knee joint is also prone to numerous injuries which can cause soreness. Pain syndrome may be only one symptom of the development of serious illness.

Rheumatoid arthritis

Болит колено при сгибании: причины и лечение

Knee pain when bending can be triggered by rheumatoid arthritis. This disease fully or partially affects the connective tissue in joints and cartilage. The disease has 2 forms: chronic and acute. A painful symptom is manifested in both the first and second forms. Discomfort in the knee when bending arise as a result of destructive processes within the damaged knee.

In most cases, the cause of rheumatoid arthritis remains uncertain. But in some patients the disease develops on the background of viral infection. Quite often, the disease affects patients with a genetic predisposition to the development of this virus. The patient has discomfort when bending the knee already in stage 1 arthritis. At this time, the pain disturb the patient only in the process of moving. When the knee joint remains at rest, a painful symptom goes away. In addition to the knee pain the patient is suffering from a number of other symptoms:

  • Redness of the skin around the inflamed joint.
  • Swelling.
  • Violation of mobility.
  • Quite often after bedtime patients feel prolonged pain behind the knee when bent. In rheumatoid arthritis in humans affects the muscle fibers, joints and cartilage, which leads to the spread of inflammation.

    In this case, if a person has pain in the knee in flexion, this may indicate that the lesion extends into the bone tissue. The result can be a full or partial deformation of the knee joint.

    Gouty arthritis

    Болит колено при сгибании: причины и лечение

    If the patient does not bend the knee, then it can be triggered by the presence of gout. This disease primarily affects the joint capsule and periarticular tissue. In the patient’s blood increases the amount of uric acid, which causes the deposition of its salts. As a result, the joints harden, become less mobile and practically does not bend.

    Gouty arthritis appears in the result of violation of excretion of uric acid. Pain in the knee joint is the first striking symptom of the disease. It appears on initial stage of development of gout and increases during disease progression. The pain can appear behind and in front of the affected area. Most often it is enhanced in any manipulation. The knee and elbow joints are susceptible to this disease quite rare, and most often, gout affects the joints of the feet.

    Knee pain lasts a relatively short time. If the patient in time begins to heal the gout, then after a week of painful symptom partially passes and move the patient gets much easier. But if time does not begin treatment of gouty arthritis, it can lead to transformation of disease into a chronic form.

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    As a result, the pain under the knee will only increase, and bend the leg would be virtually impossible. The joint will become stronger from this movement of the patient will become more constrained.

    First, the patient will be hard just to bend the leg at the knee, but over time the stiffness will appear in the leg. It’s caused by salt deposits not only in the articular capsule, but also in the soft tissue.

    Deforming osteoarthritis

    Often the patient experiences pain under the knee when bent due to the presence of one of the forms of arthritis. Deforming osteoarthritis affects primarily the knee joint. The patient produces inflammation in the joint box. As a result, the knee can barely bend. The patient is a deformity of the joint, which subsequently can cause curvature of the feet and even injuries of the spine (posture).

    Pain under knee when deforming osteoarthritis often has a mechanical character. This means that if the foot is at rest, the patient does not feel pain. But enough to begin to make the most simple of manipulation and give a negligible strain on the feet as the patient appears pain when bending. If the disease begins to progress, the pain appears not only under load but also at rest. The patient cannot straighten the knee to end at any time of the day. The disease has other symptoms:

  • Pain in the hip.
  • The joint becomes hard and the skin around it stretches.
  • With the development of osteoarthritis there is a decrease of the joint space.
  • Deformation of the joint capsule.
  • The appearance of osteophytes and cysts.
  • Deforming arthrosis is also called onatracom. In addition, the patient experiences discomfort when bending the legs, he feels an intense heat in the affected area. In rare cases, fever of the whole body.

    Treatment should occur as quickly as possible. At the first sign of illness you must consult a doctor. Only he can appoint the right comprehensive treatment.

    Tendonitis and bursitis

    Болит колено при сгибании: причины и лечениеIf a patient experiences strong, frequent knee pain, the result can be tendonitis or bursitis. Tendinitis affects the ligaments of the knee joint. This disease is most prone to professional athletes or people who are constantly forced to experience strong physical exertion.

    The patient bends the bad knee, he feels severe pain while walking and has difficulty when performing simple manipulations. Painful sensations occur only during physical activity, and pain is localized front and not in back. When inflammation of the synovial bags a person develops a bunion. It has a number of distinct symptoms, but first and foremost the patient is experiencing acute pain behind the knee. Causes of disease are a few:

  • Injury.
  • Infectious disease.
  • Mechanical injury of the joint.
  • Pain under the knee begins to emerge most often when the regular load. In addition, the bursitis is accompanied by swelling, redness of the inflamed area, fever. When you bend the legs the patient is experiencing severe cutting pain, which can bother some time. The joint of the patient much increased and often completely bent leg.

    Disease Osgood-Shlatter

    Similar to the disease threat due to the fact that not only covers locally one knee, but applies to the whole of tibia. This disease is one of the varieties of osteoarthritis. Pain behind the knee is the first symptom of the disease. Subsequently, painful sensations spread to the entire limb. The disease manifests itself most often in boys during adolescence. Pain when bending knee may appear after a heavy physical exercise (particularly running). Subsequently, the patient is difficult to climb stairs, walk, Crouch. The symptom is only when the foot is at rest.

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    Болит колено при сгибании: причины и лечение

    Treatment of an illness should be done under the supervision of a physician. The patient needs to provide full rest the affected joint and the legs in General. Most often, this is done using special bandages, which secures the leg front and back. If pain persist, then the patient is prescribed special medicines and prescribed treatments, such as electrophoresis.

    Treatment folk remedies carried out with the permission of the doctor. Most often it is heating, bath, special compresses on the basis of decoctions and infusions. Effectively help mud packs.

    Sprain joint

    Why aching joints? The cause may be a sprain in the knee joint. Such damage is accompanied by painful sensation in the knee from behind. This damage is able to manifest through the same symptoms as the injury to muscle fibers or tendons. The cause of the injury, the ligaments can become a strong physical exertion or a sudden unnatural movement. Often, knee pain in the back may appear as the result of an awkward movement of the foot, which leads to sprain.

    Болит колено при сгибании: причины и лечение

    Pain patients present during activity and at rest. If not promptly consult a doctor and start the treatment, the pain will become stronger. The damaged area of the foot swells quickly, there was a redness, the skin is stretched. In some patients, the skin around the affected area becomes hot. In some cases, around the injured joint the patient has bruising. This suggests that the injury is serious and treatment should start without delay. To prevent further progression of the disease, you must consult a traumatologist.

    Treatment knee pain

    Depending on what caused the inflammation and injury of the joint, there are various methods of treatment. You first need to go to the doctor. He will be able to pinpoint the cause of pain and prescribe a course of treatment. What if the pain was caused by trauma? First, you need to remove pain and resolve swelling. It is necessary to make the inflammation continued to progress.

    What to do when a patient complains: can’t straighten leg after a severe injury? In this case, it is necessary to refuse physical activity. Severe fatigue will have a negative impact on the whole process of treatment and the patient’s condition. Let the foot is at rest as long as possible. Sometimes a day is not enough for full recovery, so you need to stay in bed as much time as is prescribed by a doctor.

    Болит колено при сгибании: причины и лечениеIf the damage of the knee joint most often the patient is prescribed to wear a special brace. Its appearance will depend on the complexity of the injury. In the case of mild sprains the patient applied a light elastic bandage. If the patient has bursitis or serious injury, then he will write a tight bandage, which will support the joint and the front and rear.

    It is very important not to allow the joint to be constantly in motion and it is well locked. Ensure that the knee is not going to liquid. It is necessary to raise the injured limb as high as possible. This is best done in the prone position. If you are in a sitting position, always raise the leg on the chair.

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    Causes of pain may be different, but they are accompanied by strong edema, swelling and high temperature. To cool the affected area and prevent the formation (development) of the tumor, it is necessary to put cold compresses. The duration of treatment should not exceed 20 minutes. If you keep the compress too long, it may cause frostbite. This method of treatment usually lasts no more than 3 days. After that, the doctor prescribes warm up, which can improve blood circulation and relax the muscles.

    Physical therapy and surgical intervention

    Can’t bend my legs — what will help? In most cases, doctor prescribes the patients physical therapy. It has anti-inflammatory effect and helps to cope with painful symptom. In addition, the joint regains its mobility, flexibility and elasticity. The treatment of damaged joints with therapeutic exercises help most patients. This method is harmless and brings good results. Initially the exercises should be performed under the supervision of a coach. After you will be able to perform all items independently, classes can be performed at home.

    Exercise should be regular. The main thing — to perform all items correctly, but not give too much load on the damaged limb. If execution of certain items causes painful sensations, they should be dropped from the course. A strong load may trigger a relapse of the injury.

    The doctor can offer the patient surgery. Mostly this kind of treatment only applies if the patient has a serious disease and cannot be cured by other means. There are 3 types of operations on the knee joint:

  • Arthroscopy.
  • The replacement knee components.
  • Total knee replacement.
  • Arthroscopy involves committing several small incisions in the knee region. Through them, the surgeon pulls loose bodies from the joint. This is done in order to make it easy to repair damaged cartilage or injured ligaments. Operation is quite simple and the recovery period does not exceed 14 days.

    Replacement of certain components of the knee is appropriate if medical treatment and physiotherapy is not able to prevent the destruction of cartilage tissue in the knee. In this surgery the doctor primarily removes damaged tissue and replaces them with dentures. To carry out the operation only when the local lesion small areas of the knee. If the patient has not only damaged the joint and the bone, and the affected area is quite extensive, the doctor offers a full knee replacement. This operation is necessary if the patient begins the death of tissue.