Sore knee when climbing up and down stairs, causes and treatment
Almost everyone during my life, experienced knee pain. Anatomy the knee joint is as follows:
- the largest joint in the human body;
- is very difficult;
- it is composed of bones, ligaments, tendons, muscles.
Considering that the knee can withstand the load of the entire body, it can be concluded, why a recurring knee pain.
Pain in the knee joint — causes of
Reasons for pain in the knee include:
- various injuries of the knee joint;
- rupture of the ligament;
- injury of the meniscus (the meniscus is the cartilage, which functions as an absorber and stabilizer in the knee joint);
- old age occurs the aging process;
- periarthritis of «goose feet»;
- varicose veins.
No matter how much time has passed from the date of injury of the knee joint, in the future it will definitely be felt — the pain appears in the knee when climbing up and down the stairs. And this is a very alarming signal. If mechanical damage has occurred recently, the pain in the knee during the descent and the rise is a consequence of the damage. For injuries it is necessary to consult with doctor, because a torn ligament or a damaged meniscus is not held their own, surgical intervention is necessary.
Another reason for knee pain when descending stairs can be overweight. The load in this case is enormous, so there is an overload, damage and, as a consequence — a sore knee. But not the fact that if the knee hurts, it means that certainly there is some violation. Especially in cases when people try to numb the leg with ointment, but nothing helps. Pain in the knee joint can be caused by arthrosis of the hip joint, but can affect the knee.
Very often pain occurs when cancer tumors, but in this case, the knee swells up and hurts all the time and never stops. Diseases of the spine, which are neurological in nature, also cause knee pain when climbing the stairs.
How does synovitis
Knee pain when climbing stairs can be caused by synovitis. Is an inflammatory process which occurs in the synovial membrane of the knee joint. The cavity in this case is filled with fluid — the fluid that is released during inflammation in the tissue of the small blood vessels. It is known that synovial substance is always located in the knee joint, but in the case of synovitis it becomes much more. The main causes of knee pain when climbing stairs:
- the metabolic disorders;
- autoimmune reaction;
Synovitis may be aseptic or infectious. Aseptic synovitis is the consequence of injuries, allergic reactions, disruptions in the endocrine system. Of the main symptoms are the following:
- sore knee when climbing stairs;
- the pain is dull, not sharp;
- disturbed motor function of the knee;
- swelling of the knee, which occurs due to the formation of purulent fluid.
Treatment is prescribed only after a puncture. Then carry out the introduction into the knee joint of antibacterial drugs. Of medication prescribe antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs (diclofenac, Movalis, gordox, contrical). Definitely within a week the patient wears a pressure bandage to reduce the load.
After the treatment is discomfort and pain in the knee when lifting. Some people may be a chronic form of the disease. In this case, the doctor performed the operation.
Pain in knee — arthritis
If the knee hurts when climbing stairs, this may be a sign of arthritis. Arthritis is a disease caused by inflammatory process. Causes of arthritis include:
- improper diet;
- a sedentary lifestyle;
- old age;
- years load on the same muscle group.
Symptoms of arthritis it is easy to see:
- people feel knee pain when walking down stairs;
- there is a feeling of stiffness;
- the knee swells up, that is a limitation when walking;
- on the affected area and fever.
Clinical and laboratory parameters are as follows:
- the higher erythrocyte sedimentation rate;
- an increased level of leucocytes.
Diagnosing arthritis doctors begin with a medical history, external examination of the knee joint and the detection of inflammatory processes by blood and puncture. Be sure to do an x-ray, ultrasound, magnetic resonance and computed tomography. Not so long ago, doctors began to use the method of arthroscopy that allows you to inspect more thoroughly. The method is arthroscopy fluid inlet for further research. Arthritis is of several types:
Treatment of arthritis is performed only complex. It includes prescription drugs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory and corticosteroid drugs), physical therapy.
Feeling the pain in the knee joint, you must immediately consult a specialist, because, for example, arthritis leads to irreversible consequences such as sepsis, osteomyelitis or suppurative arthritis. To disease prevention need to lead a healthy life, wear comfortable shoes, keep your weight and do not overload the legs.