Swelling behind the knee in front or back: swelling and pain
The condition of the knee affects how the person moves. Swelling behind the knee is difficult to diagnose. To identify the exact cause of the disease is diagnosis, including a CT scan and x-rays. Sometimes the appearance of the tumour under the knee can be caused by degenerative disc disease or entrapment of the lumbar vertebrae. The source of the pain can be in the other direction, but unpleasant sensations appear under the knee.
Quite often there are people complaining about swelling, swelling and pain below the knee. The reasons can be many:
- injury of the knee joint;
- muscle damage;
- a bone fracture;
- the anomaly of the nerve fibers;
- pathology of the lymph nodes;
- disruption of blood vessels.
To determine the exact cause of swelling and pain, you must undergo laboratory and instrumental examination. The use of different research methods helps accurate diagnosis. This will help the doctor to prescribe optimal treatment.
A Baker’s cyst behind the knee
Knee joints of the person flexes and extends with the help of ligaments, cartilage and synovial fluid. Due to this fluid prevents increased friction between the joints. When exceeding the volume of synovial fluid occur delay and accumulation in the articular capsule.
This forms a swelling behind the knee front or back. It’s called Baker’s cyst. As a rule, the disease is a frequent concern of people older than 40 years. Sometimes the symptoms are imperceptible. Usually, felt discomfort under the knee, this results in swelling, mobility of the knee significantly reduced, felt tingling and numbness in the foot.
Thus there is a dense formation in the popliteal fossa. All this is accompanied by pain in the shins and the calf muscles. When these symptoms should immediately consult a doctor.
Treatment of Baker’s cyst is quite simple, if she have not so long ago. In this case, it is puncture to remove excess fluid and drug administration to combat inflammation. After this procedure, should be worn on the knee joint of elastic bandage. Of course, physical exercise on a diseased joint should be limited.
If the cyst behind the knee front or back emerged long enough, you need surgery to remove the tendon of the mucous bags.
In most cases, patients tolerate the surgery. To treat this disease by using folk remedies. However doctor’s consultation is still needed.
The appearance and treatment of cysts of the meniscus
The knee meniscus is the cartilage formation in the shape of a Crescent. The function of the menisci is to reduce the friction of the joints and to limit excessive mobility. There are two types of meniscus: the outer (lateral) and internal (medial). Most of the damage in the inner meniscus.
Not less common disease in which cavity formation, filled with fluid located in the center of the meniscus. The occurrence of such cavities is usually accompanied by pain in the area below the knee. If the cysts are too small, they may not be noticed during the inspection. The cause of such formations in the meniscus is overload of the knee. Athletes and people engaged in heavy physical labor, more exposed to the risk of the appearance of a cyst of the meniscus.
Small cysts are treated in the following way:
A meniscus tear is accompanied by pain in the popliteal fossa. As a rule, the reason for this phenomenon may serve as trauma or inflammation of the joint.
Damage to the fatty tissue or disease Goff
The knee joint surrounds the fatty tissue that when damaged causes the disease Goff. It is easy to confuse with a cyst of the meniscus. Adipose tissue here performs a buffer function.
If it is damaged, you need competent treatment. Because without it, the disease can develop into chronic stage. This provokes the emergence of osteoarthritis and chronic pain in the knee. In most cases, the disease occurs when Goff hormonal changes or on the background of osteoarthritis.
During the inspection to detect damage of the adipose tissue immediately possible only in the acute phase. Characteristic features of this disease are swelling, knee pain and limitation in motion. The knee joint is surrounded by soft tissue, so swelling and pain below the knee in front or back can be caused by damage of tendons, tendon, ligaments and muscles.
Due to the heavy physical labor, as well as stay in one position for a long time are at risk for severe swelling wsaemsgsize tendons and ligaments. This causes swelling and nagging pain under the knee. The main difference of this disease from cysts Baker is a nagging pain. When pressed on the point edema swelling is relatively dense.
In the treatment of tumors below the knee in front or back are assigned to anti-inflammatory drugs, prescribed reduction physical activity. Physical therapy for the knee will also be helpful. It is recommended to wear a patellar tendon and splint.
Nervous and vascular disorders
There are three types of inflammation: is thrombosis of the popliteal vein, popliteal artery aneurysm, or inflammation of the tibial nerve.
In practice, there are a number of examples when significant inflammation of the blood vessels and nerves, accompanied by severe pain, may cause doctors suspected damage to the sciatic nerve. The physician should conduct a detailed diagnosis, and only after that to start the healing procedure.
Self-medication in cases of occurrence of tumours below the knee are not recommended. An integral part of the treatment should be rest and lack of exercise on a bad knee.