Swimming in osteochondrosis: the rules for different sections of the spine

Therapeutic swimming is one of the ways to beat low back pain

According to statistics, back pain is one of the most common reasons for the treatment of the adult population to the doctor.

Unfortunately, there is tendency that such problem began to meet people are not only after the age of 45, but much earlier – approximately 18 years.

In old age back pain discomfort almost everyone, but only 20-30% address with this problem to the doctor.

The causes of disease back a lot – that a sedentary lifestyle associated with the automation of production and development technicians, and excess body weight acquired in the result of malnutrition, and heredity, and it is hard physical labor, it is and weakness muscular frame and many other different factors.

It back pain reduces efficiency by 40-50 %, causing the desire to retire, to be able to relax. However, pensions are long-awaited relief comes.

Experiencing a painful, and often not passing a sharp pain in the back, the patient turns to the doctor who after survey puts this terrifying diagnosis «osteochondrosis». What kind of disease? Whether it is curable? Can we prevent its occurrence?

Possible self-diagnosis of degenerative disc disease? Is it possible to prevent it? Here is a list of issues of interest to the majority of patients. Let’s deal.

Find out the enemy in the face

Osteochondrosis – a disease of the musculoskeletal system, namely: the complex deformation processes, occurring in the cartilaginous tissues of the spine and intervertebral discs, leading to the rapid shortening of the vertebral column due to overgrowth of bone and narrowing of the intervertebral disc.

The first signs of incipient disease can be not necessarily pain in the cervical, thoracic or lumbar spine.

Often the first bells are frequent headaches, dizziness when turning his head, the sharp increase in blood pressure to critical values, noise in the ears, pain in the abdomen, numbness of upper and lower extremities, hearing impairment, and even syncope.

It is directly connected with blood circulation, and as a result, and supply the tissues of the body.

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What parts of the spine under threat?

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Depending on the location of pain low back pain can be cervical, thoracic, lumbar, and in the most severe cases can attack all parts of the spine:

  1. The neck is frequent, when it occurs the displacement of the cervical vertebrae, leading to compression of vessels and nerves (this is evidenced by the appearance of a small hump near the seventh cervical vertebra), causing headache, darkening of the eyes, ringing in the ears.
  2. The breast is less common than cervical and lumbar, because the thoracic spine is less mobile, its main difference consists in the absence of severe back pain in thoracic osteochondrosis are not sharp and wrap-around, cause discomfort in the sternum and the abdominal organs.
  3. Lumbar – meet the most frequent type of degenerative disc disease, due to the fact that the lumbar spine are the most movable than the cervical or thoracic departments. Frequent symptom of diseases of the lumbar – radiating pain during movement in the sacral region, legs, hips.

To diagnose the disease and prescribe treatment can chiropractor, neurologist, orthopedist or spine.

For confirmation of the diagnosis is assigned a number of tests, including x rays, computed resonance imaging and a number of other clinical studies.

After the diagnosis is assigned a comprehensive treatment. It is a long process that can take several months and even a year, requiring from the patient’s patience and diligence.

As a treatment for degenerative disc disease prescribed medicines, ointments, acupuncture, massage, diet, physiotherapy and swimming.

Swim every day and live to be a hundred

For anybody not a secret that swimming has beneficial effects on the musculoskeletal system of man, helps to get rid of a number of problems such as excess weight, high blood pressure, tachycardia, shortness of breath, heart palpitations, helps to lose inches and strengthen your abdominal muscles and back.

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That is why modern coaches include swimming in binding the complex of therapeutic physical training in diseases of the musculoskeletal system, including osteochondrosis.

Therapeutic swimming osteochondrosis allows them to evenly distribute the load on those muscle groups where necessary.

Regular exercise in the pool osteochondrosis allow to achieve significant results in its treatment, namely: to tighten the muscles of the back, thoracic and lower back, helps stimulate the respiratory system, stretch the vertebrae, «by releasing» trapped nerves and blood vessels, stabilizing sections of the spinal cord, raise muscle tone, improve mood and well-being.

Even swimming is not always helpful

As in the treatment of many diseases, there are certain contraindications swimming in osteochondrosis.

In any case, you cannot go swimming in the period of exacerbation, with severe headache, high blood pressure, in the presence of cardiac, renal, respiratory failure, any skin diseases, with the disease of epilepsy, any other temporary ailment.

Before class

In order to start swimming lessons, you must:

  • consult your doctor;
  • to the inquiry about absence of infectious diseases;
  • getting the doctor’s permission and help, to seek an instructor and space to swim;
  • in the nearest store to buy a swimsuit (prefer one-piece swimsuit), swimming cap, flip flops, towel, goggles, nose clip, soap and wash cloth (for showering after the pool).

General rules

To achieve the planned result in the treatment of swimming lessons should be regular, at least three times a week.

Temperatures for swimming in any type of degenerative disc disease should not be below 27-30 degrees and not above 37 degrees, as temperatures above leads to the excitation of the nervous system.

Task — cervical

Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine, as with any other, every swimming lesson should begin with a short warm-up to warm up the joints and improve blood circulation.

Patient, going into the water should warm up and carefully stretch the cervical muscle group, having rotational movements of the head and it turns left and right, forward and back.

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With cervical osteochondrosis swimming should be done only on the back, eliminating the muscle tension of the neck. The style of swimming the breaststroke in this type of osteoarthritis is contraindicated.

Thus, performing a swimming motion on the back of the patient results in muscle tone, without overwhelming the cervical.

Thoracic and lumbar — a different approach

When thoracic and lumbar osteochondrosis useful vis in the water on the bar. Benefit is the stretching of the thoracic and lumbar spine with minimal load on them weight.

In addition, it is useful to perform the following exercises: swimming, holding hands, pillow, swimming with clamped feet cushion, swimming breaststroke with breath, bulging belly in the water, slow squats in the water with extended feet, bending forward with hands on hips.

The recommended form of swimming in osteochondrosis of the thoracic and lumbar spine is brass, it allows to keep the body in a horizontal position, with the greatest number of muscles of all groups.

Of great importance in the swimming rhythm, sharp movements should not be, the rhythm is based on a deep inhale and a sharp exhale.

Therefore, regular classes in the pool, in time in conjunction with medication and other therapy and under the strict supervision of the instructor will help in the shortest possible time to achieve success.

We remind You that self-medication is dangerous for Your health!

Remember to consult a doctor and appointment of complex treatment and be healthy!