Symptoms and photos of a broken pinky toe: what to do immediately after injury and treatment

How to identify and what to do when a broken pinky toe?

Thanks to the toes of the person keeps the balance while walking. That is why one of the most common injuries is a fracture of the toes and particularly the pinky.

The word fracture means a complete or partial violation of the integrity of the bone.

Fracture of the pinky toe often occurs due to injury is usually injury or exposure, however in some cases this is due to any inner human diseases, such as osteoporosis (bone fragility).

There were times when there was a fracture of the little fingers from too tight shoes.

How to identify a fracture?

To distinguish a fracture from an injury it is necessary to know its main features.

The main symptom of a broken pinky toe:

  • pinky is very difficult to move;
  • an unnatural position of the little finger relative to other fingers (dogleg to the side);
  • sharp pain when moving a finger.

Secondary signs of fracture:

  • subungual or subcutaneous hemorrhage;
  • nagging pain at the fracture site;
  • swelling.

Symptoms of a fracture depends on to what exactly it occurred.

If the damage is adjacent to the foot phalanx, the symptoms will be more pronounced than if damaged upper (nail) phalanx of the little finger.

Many people do not seek medical attention immediately, thinking it was a normal injury. However, not calming nagging pain forced to seek help, the result can often be revealed the fracture.

Types of fractures

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The fracture can be complete (bone breaks into two or more parts) and incomplete (cracks in the bone).

By the nature of the lesions of the skin there are two types of fractures:

  • open (disturbed integrity of the skin with shards of broken finger through the wound, you can see part of the bone);
  • closed (skin remains intact).
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As trauma fracture of the little finger of the foot can be:

  • offset (for a given injury, fragments of bone are displaced, with the result that it may be a pinched nerve or damaged the surrounding tissue);
  • without bias (bone fragments are not moving away from the fracture site).

Fractures with displacement is divided into several categories:

  • with a divergence of bone fragments;
  • with the entry of bone fragments;
  • with angular offset.

Often there are fractures of the occurrence of one of the bone fragments. This is due to the fact that human skin is quite elastic and as a result of the fracture to pull the pieces of broken bones on each other.

In the direction of the fracture, the fracture can be of the following types:

  • longitudinal;
  • cross;
  • scythe;
  • T-shaped;
  • S-shaped.

The number of bone fragments fractures can be:

  • butskellite;
  • Odescalchi;
  • multisplintered.

Butskellite fractures formed as a result of the dynamic impact (falling on the leg of a heavy object). Comminuted, formed most often as a result of compression of a finger.

The location of the fracture can be in the following locations:

  • on the main phalanx;
  • on the middle phalanx;
  • on the nail phalanx.

First aid

When the fracture is first necessary to process the corrupted wound antiseptic (if the fracture is open) so that the victim has not been contaminated.

Then, based on the nature of the injury, you must immobilize the foot, where a broken pinky. To the injured area, you should apply a cold compress for about half an hour. This will help reduce pain and swelling.

The next step in first aid is immobilization of the patient’s finger. It must be carefully bandage to the rest of the fingers.

To transport the patient must be supine. It is desirable that the injured area was slightly above the rest of the body. This will help to increase the flow of blood from the broken finger, and reduce swelling.

The restoration of the integrity and mobility of the finger

The main goal of treatment for a broken pinky toe is the recovery and mobility of the injured limb.

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The treatment process depends on the nature of the injury. With an open fracture usually requires surgical intervention because of the need to place the slivered pieces of bone.

The patient usually prescribe a course of antibiotics in order to protect the body from infection.

Incomplete fracture (crack), as well as injury of distal phalanx treatment is much easier. There’s no need to plaster, just a tight bandage. In all other cases superimposes the plantar plaster cast.

Thanks plaster is a reliable fixation of the broken finger and his continued healing.

Medication

To facilitate well-being in the period of recovery will have to resort to medication.

General anesthesia the body can be achieved by using tablets under the name was Ketonal with the active substance «Ketoprofen». They are much more effective than Dipyrone or Tempalgin.

You also need to use painkillers and anti-inflammatory cream.

If the place of the fracture formed a bruise, you can use the heparin ointment. She is very good resolves bruises and has anti-inflammatory effect.

Local anesthesia can be applied ointment called Flaxen. The composition of the active substance Ketoprofen is also included here. It is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug. All of the cream is necessary to RUB very carefully without strong pressure on the skin.

Traditional treatments

What else can I do for speedy recovery after a broken pinky toe?

Many people think that for fast recovery you need to eat spoonfuls of calcium in all its forms. However, it is not so.

For complete recovery it is necessary to form a callus at the fracture site. This corn is formed due to a special ingredient — chondroitin in the human body.

This is a special building substance is formed in the organism through food intake. Most chondroitin is in the jelly from the broth of chicken legs. This jelly and you need to eat for rapid bone fusion. Only after this the food you need to inject calcium.

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One of the best tools for the full enrichment of body with calcium is a drug «calcium D3 Nycomed». You can use the drug «kaltsid» which is based on eggshells, but it is less effective.

The restoration of motor function of the little finger

After the plaster is removed your little finger to bend and straighten not. Don’t be afraid. This is due to the fact that he has long been stationary. Consequently, the joints of the little finger become logopedisti.

The best way at this stage of recovery is treatment in a rehabilitation center, where a neurologist can figure out in what place which nerve was injured. Also, it will determine which muscles were weakened in the process of using plaster.

One of the main roles in the rehabilitation process plays a massage. Highly qualified massage therapist will quickly put you on feet.

Indeed, during therapeutic massage is the flow of blood to the desired organ. As a result, virtually all congestion disappears, and the patient is successfully on the mend.

In conclusion, it is possible to apply the popular saying: «if I Knew where to fall, straw podstelil would.» In practice, however, is quite different. People are always in a hurry in life and very often forget about the usual security measures.

So I want to say: «people, do not hurry to live!»