Symptoms of gout on the legs and treatment of the disease
Gout on the legs usually starts in people in old age. Of metabolic disorders affect all parts of the human body. Of the thousands of older people every third person suffers from gout of the feet. The excess uric acid affects not only the joints but also for overall health.
Gout on the legs is considered more of a male disease than women. The risk of developing gout knee joint men starts at the age of 40, in women, the disease can be felt after menopause. Cause of gout are deposits of uric acid salts. In order to stop inflammatory processes in the joints of the feet, is necessary to remove urate from the body.
However, before you start treatment, it is necessary to undergo a thorough examination. The earlier the diagnosis, the more chances to effectively confront the disease and prevent the development of gouty arthritis.
The disease of kings, known since the time of Hippocrates
Gout is usually called the disease of kings or aristocrats. In this statement there is truth. Statistics show that cases of gout are extremely rare in the military or economically difficult time.
Gout in the foot considered as a consequence of the financial and material well-being, when a person in what does not deny.
Hippocrates from the dawn of medicine has brought two major causes of the disease — unlimited consumption of food and wine. Gout can develop not only on the legs. It can affect any joints including the fingers.
In most cases, gout in the foot notes chronic. Millennia later, the root causes, formulated by Hippocrates, is still relevant: poor diet and excessive alcohol consumption. However, over the past century, they added a third: tobacco Smoking.
If the level of uric acid in the blood is increased and long time is not reduced, the first affected joints, including toes. First symptoms of gout can be lost on the background of signs of other diseases of the joints. But as soon as the change of joint tissue in the feet, growths become more noticeable. The deformation is clearly visible in the photo of the feet affected by gout.
The reasons became more
What is dangerous to humans, the microscopic particles of uric acid? Because they destroy the joint tissue. The amount of this acid may increase in the human body for various reasons. These include:
- the improper functioning of the kidneys;
- the use of alcoholic beverages.
One of the main causes of gout — failures in work of the kidneys. If a person is suffering with kidney disease may have difficulty with the regular excretion of uric acid from the body. But healthy kidneys are not always able to cope with the problem of removal of large amounts of urates. Therefore, the person who turned 40 years abroad, it is important to be tested regularly, showing the amount of uric acid in the blood.
Obesity and overweight are the cause of many diseases, including gout on the legs. If a person has the first signs of metabolic disorders, it must be prepared for the fact that following them will begin to show symptoms of diseases that occur for this reason. Eating fatty meat and fish contributes to the accumulation of urate in the blood, the reason is contained in products of purines.
At this illness it is better to refuse from the use of:
- offal (liver, kidney, tongue);
- sweet carbonated water;
- fatty meat;
- red fish.
The disease is not long in coming and with regular alcohol use.
The progression of the disease
The symptoms of gout have become increasingly apparent with the development of the disease. The symptoms can be confused with something else. If the foot is inflammation of one joint, visual and photos will be noticeable swelling around the lesion. Many people have gout in the feet is detected when the start the attacks of gouty arthritis.
What parts of the foot become inflamed often? If you pay attention to the pictures of limbs taken during the attack clearly visible inflamed region. The Internet is the most common photo of big toe arthritis. Rarely you can see a photo of the knee or ankle. The skin near an inflamed joint is shiny, which can also be seen on the photo. The affected area is red, its temperature is higher than other parts of the body.
The main symptoms are:
- the increase in body temperature;
- the occurrence of acute pain;
- limitation of joint mobility;
- redness of the skin;
- swelling of the metatarsophalangeal joint of the foot.
Signs of gouty arthritis tend over time to progress. Increased pain in the legs, increases the duration of seizures that usually occur at night. The first attacks can last 2-3 days. Then leg pain will pass, and the person will seem that the disease has receded. But after some time the attack again and the duration will be longer. An attack of gouty arthritis can last for a week. But, studies show that in some cases pain in the leg does not stop, and after 7 days.
And that’s not all: gouty arthritis can be wearing is not strictly local in nature, and begin to capture other joints. Because the treatment of the disease involves not only the use of painkillers and anti-inflammatory medications and the means deducing of uric acid from the body.
Only a comprehensive approach to combating gout can result in maximum therapeutic effect, inhibiting the disease and not allow it to capture other joints in the foot and other parts of the body.
Why accumulate leukocytes
Gout on the affected foot may appear specific growths. They are a kind of beacons, it is possible to determine where exactly on the leg is developing the disease. Even if the disease becomes dormant as, these growths do not disappear. The body treats salt deposits as a foreign body and tries to push it.
In places where there are a large number of urate begin to rapidly accumulate leukocytes. They are another reason that on a site where there is gout affected joints, fever, increased inflammation. In some cases, gouty nodes may burst. Then clear their contents — a whitish dust. This is the urate crystals.
Predisposition to gout of the feet can be inherited, but in most cases it still is an acquired character. Joint injuries are often the prerequisite for the emergence of the disease. If the family has relatives suffering from gout, it is necessary to take preventive measures, not allowing the disease to develop. Special attention should be paid to shoes. In women it is the cause of many joint problems. Wearing narrow shoes with high heels is a guarantee that they will.
Balanced nutrition is the most effective means of preventing gout. Limit intake of saturated fatty foods proteins sure. Low-fat dairy products, vegetables, fruits, eggs, whole grains will help to avoid disease. But alcohol and tobacco inhibit the excretion of uric acid from the body and weaken the immune system. Sure times a week it is necessary to arrange fasting day with the use of one strengthens the immune system the natural product.