Tendonitis foot: symptoms, treatment at home and in hospital
Inflammation of the tendons of the foot tendonitis: a serious matter
Every man at least once in life faced with the unpleasant symptoms of different diseases of the foot, because it is this part of the feet have the greatest burden.
One of the most common violations is tendonitis.
It is associated with severe pain, and therefore seriously reduces the quality of human life.
To avoid negative health consequences, it is very important to consult a doctor.
What is it?
Under tendonitis of the foot understand the inflammatory process and the withering away of the tendon tissue.
If time does not pay attention to pain in the foot, there is a loss of the plantar and tibial muscles. The result is a large problem with the ability to move.
In addition, with the development of the disease destroyed the tendon tissue is evidence of the occurrence of degenerative process.
This disorder often occurs in the elderly and inevitably leads to loss of motor activity.
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The disease can affect all the tendons or just one. In most cases, suffering ligament, through which the triceps muscle attaches to the heel bone.
The most common causes of foot tendinitis include the following:
- mechanical damage to the tendon;
- infection nearby tissues;
- joint disease – gout or rheumatism;
- the weakening of the immune system;
- the development of flat feet;
- incorrect posture;
- the constant wearing of shoes with high heels;
- habitual subluxation of the foot.
Varieties of pathological process
Depending on the localization of the foot tendonitis is isolated:
- Calcaneal or Achilles tendon. It is characterized by redness and sensitivity of skin around the ankle area.
Also, you may experience decreased mobility and swelling. Pain increase significantly when driving.
- The posterior tibial muscle. In this case, the inflammatory process affects the tendon of the posterior tibial muscle, which is located at the Shin and ankle.
Also tendonitis can be acute or chronic.
Among the acute forms secrete a purulent and aseptic pathology, whereas chronic can be fibrous ossificans.
In addition, the disease sometimes has a parasitic origin.
The symptoms and signs of disease
Usually tendinitis of the foot has the typical symptoms, since inflammation starts abruptly, and people can quickly notice its symptoms.
The acute form of the disease is accompanied by such manifestations:
- intense pain in the area of attachment of the muscles that increases with attempted movement;
- pain during feeling – allow us to determine the localization of damage;
- crunching when moving the leg;
- redness of the patient’s portion and the local temperature rise;
- impaired motor activity due to pain;
- the swelling, which eventually progresses;
- bruising – may result from rupture of vessels.
To reveal the pathology, the doctor will have to study the history and conduct examination of the patient.
It includes palpation of the tibia, especially in the area of the Achilles tendon. This can be a small pain. It is important to eliminate the violation of the integrity of the tendon and to determine the amplitude of the flexion of the foot.
When rupture of the tendon there is swelling of leg and foot, may be present bleeding.
Radiography will not give the desired results. With this study to determine the presence of calcification. To get visual access to the soft tissues of the feet, an ultrasound examination is performed.
To more clearly visualize the injury and to assess the condition of each layer of tissue is magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography.
If at the time of diagnosis was a sprain of the tissues and ligaments of the foot, rather conservative methods of treatment:
- complete immobilization of the foot;
- overlaying a cold compress to reduce swelling;
- the use of a brace or retaining bandage;
- the use of drugs that eliminate the inflammation and stop the pain;
- the use of physiotherapy tools – magnetotherapy, ultrasound, microwave currents;
- therapeutic physical exercise is performed to strengthen the tendons;
- correction of flatfoot with special insoles and orthopedic shoes.
Surgical intervention is required only if the ineffectiveness of conservative methods of treatment.
The damaged part of the tissue is sutured, while the sites with strong degenerative changes and remove. Sometimes you need plastic surgery.
The use of recipes of traditional medicine for the treatment of tendinitis of the foot at home helps to achieve anti-inflammatory and analgesic effect.
To the process of recovery has been much faster, as a condiment it is recommended to use curcumin.
Good results allows to achieve an infusion of sarsaparilla and chopped ginger root – it should take a teaspoon three times a day. For cooking tools, herbs, pour boiling water and leave to infuse.
Pronounced anti-inflammatory effect have walnuts. For this small number of partitions need to add 500 ml of vodka and leave for two weeks to infuse. The resulting tool must be drink twice in a day on a teaspoon.
To speed up the process of recovery, it is necessary to provide the foot rest. The rehabilitation period when you sprain or inflammatory process takes about a month. If the patient has a more serious injury, recovery may require 2-3 months.
In this period, the patient must attend sessions of therapeutic massage or self to do gymnastics.
Specific exercises should choose a doctor depending on the characteristics of the disease.
What is the essence of preventive measures?
To prevent the development of inflammation, it is very important to choose the right shoes – she should be as comfortable as possible.
For sports need to buy special sports models that allow to reliably fix an ankle joint.
In case of continuous voltage of the foot to do contrast baths and massage. If you have the symptoms of flat feet, it is necessary to use special inserts that support the arch of the foot.
Complications can be sad
If not promptly see a doctor, to inflammatory process can join the purulent infection.
This is quite a serious complication that can lead to partial or complete restriction of motor activity of the foot.
If the time to begin treatment, it is possible to fully cope with the symptoms of the disease and to eliminate the inflammatory process. Often during therapeutic activities the patient is forced to stop operation to provide a foot rest.
With this approach, prediction of therapy is positive. Due to the immobilization of the limb, you can quickly fix the joints and tendons.
Tendonitis of the foot – a rather unpleasant disease, which can cause pronounced pain. To avoid this, you should do the prevention of this disease. If it does appear, it is recommended immediately consult a doctor.