Than can be caused by osteolysis: a complex treatment and prevention
Osteolysis: when the bones dissolve
Now there are a large number of different diseases of the skeletal system.
Unfortunately, to cure them a lot harder than disease of all other organ systems. This is connected, probably, with the peculiarities of the structure of bones and joints of the person.
One such disease is osteolysis.
The disease is characterized by the fact that in the bone tissue for some reason disturbed the balance between the formation and destruction.
It is known that these two interrelated process requires two kinds of cells:
- The first osteoblasts. They take a direct part in the formation of bone tissue.
- The second type osteoclasts. They are involved in bone destruction.
And they are interrelated because, when working properly, some bone will not be able to develop normally. This will lead to the emergence of certain diseases.
Most often, the destruction process for some reason, prevails over the recovery process. This leads to most degenerative diseases of bones and joints.
Osteolysis is a disease that manifests itself in the destruction and dissolution of bone tissue. It proceeds in two stages.
The first is a gradual loss of bone tissue of various mineral substances, and in the second are involved in the process some of the enzymes that dissolve it.
Varieties of process
This disease is several varieties. It can be congenital, that is, man is born with this disease. Or it can be purchased, that is to occur during life.
The nature of osteolysis is an inflammatory, traumatic.
To develop disease may cause bone tumor. While the tumor can be both benign and malignant.
Osteolysis can be either primary (unrelated) disease, that is, does not arise in the background of any other disease. But it can cause some illnesses. Then decided to talk about the secondary form of the disease.
The disease can be ischemic, i.e. caused by disorders of blood circulation in bone tissue. Or it can be metabolic, that is, it leads to malabsorption of minerals and the predominance of processes of destruction on the recovery processes of bone tissue.
Why is the process of destruction of the bones?
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The reasons for the development of disease quite a lot.
At least in the classification and there is such a thing as a congenital form of the disease, but it occurs very rarely.
Trauma is the main predisposing factor
Almost every case of the disease is acquired in the process of human life violation.
Most often it lead to various bone injuries, even seemingly insignificant.
Fractures in the elderly very often lead to the development of this disease. This is mainly due to the fact that with age, the bone destruction, and so is much faster than restoring. And fractures and other injuries in this case only speed up the process of degeneration.
Inflammatory disease factor number 2
On the second place after trauma to the causes of the disease include inflammatory disease.
Osteomyelitis – an inflammatory disease of the bone almost always leads to its destruction.
But other inflammatory diseases can lead to its appearance.
This and various arthritis, including rheumatoid and any connective tissue disease.
The result of the neoplastic process
This would seem at first glance, a common and very serious disease, like angina can also lead to serious complications on the joints, though seemingly not one of them has any relationship.
Now more often cause osteolysis are malignant processes in the bone tissue.
They can be benign or malignant.
The process that occurs when malignant tumors may be secondary.
This is because the primary tumor can metastasize, which with a current blood or lymph penetrate into the bone tissue, causing growth of new tumors.
Another reason long-term use glucocorticosteroids hormones. They lead to the metabolic disorder of bone tissue and its gradual destruction.
While overall atherosclerosis, when blood vessels are clogged with plaque, blood can’t properly be communicated to all organs and tissues. It also refers to the bone tissue, which is little oxygen and it begins to break down.
Additional risk factors
Risk factors that can lead to the disease can be attributed to industrial injuries, poor working conditions (work in the cold, prolonged exposure to cold water).
Connective tissue diseases, including inflammatory and neoplastic processes in other organs and body systems – all this can be called risk factors.
The disease, which can lead to the destruction of bone tissue
Most often, this disease lead disease of bone. Is arthritis, arthrosis, osteochondrosis.
Rheumatism, frequent sore throats that go away without treatment with antibiotics, can lead to osteoliza.
Even hypercholesterolemia, leading to the emergence of General atherosclerosis, can lead to this pathology.
Gout and hyperthyroidism can also cause dissolution of the bone. Tuberculosis, especially bone tissue, in some cases, can cause this disease.
Diagnosis of the disease
The diagnosis is made on the basis of complaints the patient, a thorough medical history, objective examination data and additional research methods.
Main complaint, which is present in almost all patients is pain at the location of the pathological process.
The pain is usually aching, but over time it gradually increases. If the disease is inflammatory in nature, patients also may complain of fever, chills, General weakness.
On examination, the skin over the affected area may be hyperemic, and palpation is there tenderness
The main method that allows for the shortest possible time to make the correct diagnosis remains a radiograph of the bones. It is possible to see the location of the fracture or neoplastic process leading to the disease, or the destruction of a cortical layer.
What to do if you suspect a pathology?
If the patient has some symptoms similar to this disease, he should immediately consult a doctor to undergo a thorough examination and treatment.
Treatment osteoliza appoint a doctor, self-medicate to deal strictly contraindicated.
How to avoid disease?
First and foremost, you should avoid injuries of bone tissue, safety in the workplace in particular and in life in General.
Also need time to cure all inflammatory diseases.
And, of course, carefully monitor your health, passing annual health checks for early detection of all forms of neoplasms.
Thus, the disease very difficult to cure, so it is easier to prevent rather than treat.