The displacement of the spine: causes, symptoms, treatment

Смещение позвоночника: причины, симптомы, лечениеThe spine performs a supporting function of the body. Without it impossible to move and even stand. The spine protects the spinal cord and participates in the movements of the head and torso. The displacement of vertebrae (spondylolisthesis) is a common disease among young people and among older people.

The displacement of the spine is possible in any division of the vertebral column. Displacement of vertebras of cervical Department — a very common phenomenon, as the intervertebral discs of this zone are the most mobile. The displacement of the cervical vertebrae of people suffering from migraines, insomnia, feelings of General weakness and deteriorating memory.

Much less the vertebrae in place in the thoracic spine. The reason for this bias may be a back injury. The offset in this region is accompanied by diseases such as gastritis, pancreatitis and peptic ulcer disease.

The displacement of the vertebra in the lower spine is preceded by fracture of the articular process. There are severe pain in the lower back, it becomes difficult to move and legs. Displacement of the vertebrae of the lumbar are divided into two types: retraites and centralistas. Each type determines the direction of displacement of the vertebrae. When retrolisthesis the vertebrae are moved back, and when centralities — forward. Subsequently, there may be displacement of the hip joint.


The main causes of displacement

The displacement of the vertebrae cause all sorts of reasons. The disease may be a consequence of the surge in the lumbar region or abrupt movements. When the intervertebral disc is loading, the vertebra may shift, thereby narrowing the spinal canal.

Смещение позвоночника: причины, симптомы, лечениеThe displacement of the vertebrae of the lumbar spine at a young age can be caused by weakness of the bone of the vertebra, which is due to innate factor. This type of displacement causing the bending of the hip joint.

The displacement of disk may occur due to age-related changes in the intervertebral tissues. This condition leads to pinching of nerve processes and can result in paralysis of the limbs.

Spondylolisthesis may accompany some diseases of the spine, for example, inflammatory processes, low back pain, various injuries.


Symptoms

The offset spine is divided into four stages, in each of which the disease shows different symptoms. In the first stage of displacement, the symptoms are barely noticeable. The person experiences occasional pain, aggravated by the abrupt change of body position, while bending or while lifting weights.

In the second stage, the pain intensified. Discomfort often makes itself known during strenuous exercise and weight lifting.

The third stage is even more intense. In the spine begin to develop the pathological processes which are accompanied by constant pain in the lower back, the movement becomes constrained, the intervertebral discs are erased and the spine settles. The omission of the spinal column leads to malfunction of the bladder and rectum.

Смещение позвоночника: причины, симптомы, лечение

The existing stage of the disease

At the fourth stage of the disease the gait is disturbed, a person experiences chronic fatigue, pain does not stop, it is difficult to stay long in one position — stand, sit, or walk, possible hip pain, in the feet, hands or fingers. If the hip pain becomes unbearable is a very bad sign. Cause pain in the hip joint can serve as arthrosis or coxarthrosis, thus there is muscle contracture and lumbar hyperlordosis occurs.

If you detect any of the above symptoms should consult a doctor. The sooner the disease is detected, the more effective the treatment.

Ignoring the problems with the spine can lead to irreversible consequences with musculoskeletal disorders, which threaten disability.


How to treat spondylolisthesis

Смещение позвоночника: причины, симптомы, лечениеTo start a treatment is needed with accurate resolution of the diagnosis. For diagnosis use data magnetic resonance imaging or radiography. The doctor carefully examines medical history and patient complaints. Combining these data with the results of the study, the physician eliminates all other diseases with similar symptoms and a diagnosis of spondylolisthesis. The treatment of the disease can go both ways — conservative and operative.

Conservative treatment includes the following stages:

  • Treatment with drugs — painkillers and antispasmodics.
  • In severe cases when it is necessary to remove severe pain, raises the blockade of cortisone. Cortisone reduces inflammation and swelling in the area of displacement of the vertebra.
  • The displacement of the vertebrae of the lumbar and the hip joint is well treatable using massage. Treatment by means of massage should be conducted by a specialist with medical education. Massage promotes relaxation of the muscles, restores blood circulation, disrupted during the displacement of the vertebrae, strengthens the muscles and has a positive effect on the course of treatment.
  • Screw the vertebrae in place will help the chiropractor. Massage not only helps to restore the displaced vertebrae, but is struggling with the symptoms accompanying this disease, with headache, drowsiness, loss of sensation some parts of the body, impairment of eyesight and hearing, dizziness, etc.
  • In severe pain the doctor may prescribe wearing a corset. The treatment of corset helps to stretch the spine and release pinched nerve processes. However, the corset should not be worn too long, otherwise, back muscles begin to lose tone and spine will be in a precarious situation.
  • Prevention and treatment of misaligned spine is a therapeutic exercise. Exercises should be performed smoothly, avoiding sudden movements and excessive force.
  • When conservative therapy is ineffective, surgical treatment is prescribed. The goal is stabilize the spine and eliminate pain.

    To reduce compression of the nerve processes is laminectomy, which removes the arc vertebra. The shifted vertebrae are fixed with metal plates.


    Exercises for the back muscles and hip joints

    Exercises with the displacement of the vertebrae are performed in the following order:

  • The warm-up.
  • Stretching.
  • The creation of a muscular corset.
  • Fixing posture.
  • Stretching exercises are performed in the following way:

  • Sit on the floor, left knee bend, right foot and pull forward. Pull forward with his whole body, trying forehead to reach the floor. In this position, the vertebrae will start to stretch and will decrease the pressure on nerve endings.
  • Starting position — on knees and elbows. Inhaling, lignite back up and exhale down. Hold each pose for 3 seconds. Do not overexert — exercise should be painful.
  • Get on your knees, hands rest on the floor and alternately pull the foot.
  • Смещение позвоночника: причины, симптомы, лечениеWhen performing exercises to strengthen the spine and hip is recommended to wear a corset. This complex promotes the growth of cartilage and speeds up the healing process of the spine.

  • Original standing position. Hands relaxed. Start making circular movements with your shoulders. The exercise is performed in a quiet pace. You should breathe through the nose.
  • 10 bends to each side. Arms are parallel to the body. The tilt is done on the inhale and on the exhale return to its original position.
  • Exercises to create a muscular frame helps to restore a firm support for the spine and hold it in the correct position.

  • Sit on a chair. The head tilt and then rotate it alternately to the left and the right.
  • In the same position tilt your head up and down.
  • Fingers close over my head. Alternately pulling your hands in different directions.
  • Sit in a chair, keep your backs straight. Stretch your arms to the sides and turn your palms to face up and down.
  • Get on all fours so that his head and back was on the same level. Next you need to lower and raise the pelvis, careful not to move my ribcage.
  • Stay in the same position (on all fours). Elbow and knee together and keep cool, pull the limbs out to the sides. The back must be kept as flat as possible and not rock the body.
  • And the last: standing on all fours, your hand and the opposite knee must be kept on weight and pace of a slow walk to move the focus on another pair of limbs.

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