The displacement of the spine: causes, symptoms, treatment
The spine performs a supporting function of the body. Without it impossible to move and even stand. The spine protects the spinal cord and participates in the movements of the head and torso. The displacement of vertebrae (spondylolisthesis) is a common disease among young people and among older people.
The displacement of the spine is possible in any division of the vertebral column. Displacement of vertebras of cervical Department — a very common phenomenon, as the intervertebral discs of this zone are the most mobile. The displacement of the cervical vertebrae of people suffering from migraines, insomnia, feelings of General weakness and deteriorating memory.
Much less the vertebrae in place in the thoracic spine. The reason for this bias may be a back injury. The offset in this region is accompanied by diseases such as gastritis, pancreatitis and peptic ulcer disease.
The displacement of the vertebra in the lower spine is preceded by fracture of the articular process. There are severe pain in the lower back, it becomes difficult to move and legs. Displacement of the vertebrae of the lumbar are divided into two types: retraites and centralistas. Each type determines the direction of displacement of the vertebrae. When retrolisthesis the vertebrae are moved back, and when centralities — forward. Subsequently, there may be displacement of the hip joint.
The main causes of displacement
The displacement of the vertebrae cause all sorts of reasons. The disease may be a consequence of the surge in the lumbar region or abrupt movements. When the intervertebral disc is loading, the vertebra may shift, thereby narrowing the spinal canal.
The displacement of the vertebrae of the lumbar spine at a young age can be caused by weakness of the bone of the vertebra, which is due to innate factor. This type of displacement causing the bending of the hip joint.
The displacement of disk may occur due to age-related changes in the intervertebral tissues. This condition leads to pinching of nerve processes and can result in paralysis of the limbs.
Spondylolisthesis may accompany some diseases of the spine, for example, inflammatory processes, low back pain, various injuries.
The offset spine is divided into four stages, in each of which the disease shows different symptoms. In the first stage of displacement, the symptoms are barely noticeable. The person experiences occasional pain, aggravated by the abrupt change of body position, while bending or while lifting weights.
In the second stage, the pain intensified. Discomfort often makes itself known during strenuous exercise and weight lifting.
The third stage is even more intense. In the spine begin to develop the pathological processes which are accompanied by constant pain in the lower back, the movement becomes constrained, the intervertebral discs are erased and the spine settles. The omission of the spinal column leads to malfunction of the bladder and rectum.
At the fourth stage of the disease the gait is disturbed, a person experiences chronic fatigue, pain does not stop, it is difficult to stay long in one position — stand, sit, or walk, possible hip pain, in the feet, hands or fingers. If the hip pain becomes unbearable is a very bad sign. Cause pain in the hip joint can serve as arthrosis or coxarthrosis, thus there is muscle contracture and lumbar hyperlordosis occurs.
If you detect any of the above symptoms should consult a doctor. The sooner the disease is detected, the more effective the treatment.
Ignoring the problems with the spine can lead to irreversible consequences with musculoskeletal disorders, which threaten disability.
How to treat spondylolisthesis
To start a treatment is needed with accurate resolution of the diagnosis. For diagnosis use data magnetic resonance imaging or radiography. The doctor carefully examines medical history and patient complaints. Combining these data with the results of the study, the physician eliminates all other diseases with similar symptoms and a diagnosis of spondylolisthesis. The treatment of the disease can go both ways — conservative and operative.
Conservative treatment includes the following stages:
When conservative therapy is ineffective, surgical treatment is prescribed. The goal is stabilize the spine and eliminate pain.
To reduce compression of the nerve processes is laminectomy, which removes the arc vertebra. The shifted vertebrae are fixed with metal plates.
Exercises for the back muscles and hip joints
Exercises with the displacement of the vertebrae are performed in the following order:
Stretching exercises are performed in the following way:
When performing exercises to strengthen the spine and hip is recommended to wear a corset. This complex promotes the growth of cartilage and speeds up the healing process of the spine.
Exercises to create a muscular frame helps to restore a firm support for the spine and hold it in the correct position.
And the last: standing on all fours, your hand and the opposite knee must be kept on weight and pace of a slow walk to move the focus on another pair of limbs.