The hip septic arthritis of the hip joint in adults and children
Cox is a General term that describes inflammation in the hip joint. It is purulent, infectious-allergic and tuberculosis. Purulent and tuberculous type are the most common.
The disease has no age restrictions, but the hip septic arthritis of the hip joint in children is much more difficult than adult. This is due to the still poorly-formed immune system of a child organism. Uncomfortable and the elderly people.
The main causes and symptoms of coxitis
To trigger the development of the disease the hip joint may not only weakened immune system, but also a number of other reasons:
- disturbances in the body’s metabolic processes;
- failures in work of endocrine system;
- flat feet and excessive physical stress on the joints;
- complications after infectious diseases.
Purulent coxitis in children can occur due to tonsillitis, otitis or pneumonia. The infectious form of the disease develops as a result of tuberculosis or infection Staphylococcus. The disease affects children and neonates if the mother is a carrier of gonorrhea or syphilis. Child up to 6 years exposed to risk of disease complications after rubella, measles, scarlet fever and intestinal infections. The disease occurred on the background of the above reasons, in children almost always disappear if you treat the underlying disease that caused Cox.
There is also a nonspecific form of the disease. It develops on the background of allergic reactions or vaccinations.
With the development of acute purulent coxitis, loss of appetite, feeling aches in joints, increased body temperature. These symptoms similar to a cold or flu. In children of preschool age, to diagnose the disease is difficult, since they can not fully describe my feelings. The acute phase can last up to 2 years, then the disease becomes chronic. Retained deformation of the joints.
Cox infectious nature begins to develop after the joint gets infection from nearby organs. The first symptoms of the disease manifest themselves in the form of pain in the hip joint that can give in the knee. Walking becomes difficult, the patient begins to limp. A blood test shows changes in its formula. Together with these symptoms in a patient with coxitis violations occur in the gastrointestinal tract, as well as possible anemia.
For correct diagnosis, the doctor prescribes a number of tests.
Methods of treatment of the disease
Depending on the form of Cox that hit the hip, the patient’s age and presence of other diseases appropriate treatment.
The main goals of therapy:
- stop inflammatory processes;
- pain relief;
- the causes of the disease;
- the regeneration of cartilage tissue (if you have already started the process of destruction);
- improving the overall health.
If any severity and form of the disease the affected joint is necessary to ensure peace. Appointed by physiotherapy, massage and anti-inflammatory drugs. May be prescribed antibiotics, Allergy medications, drugs that improve metabolism in the body, adjuvants. If the hip septic arthritis of the hip joint is in the running form and medication doesn’t help, resort to surgical treatment. During the operation carry out cleaning and disinfection of inflammatory lesions.
Reactive coxitis in a patient occurs as a result of infectious diseases. The disease progresses quickly and affects not only the hip joints but also the tendons. Mucous membranes and skin also suffer as a result of the disease. The skin changes its color above the place of localization of Cox. Can disrupt the activity of the cardiovascular system and increase lymph nodes. Treatment aims to in the first place to stop and eradicate the infection. Therapy can take up to 1.5 months.
The majority of patients with tuberculous coxitis is children. TB is spread to the hip joints after the disease struck the lungs or kidneys. The symptoms of the disease appear slowly. There is a limp and pain when walking.
With this diagnosis prescribe anti-TB chemotherapy in the conditions of clinic. 2-3 months is imposed a special bandage, which requires special attention to prevent the development of pressure sores or abrasions. The peculiarity of this form of Cox that the disease can give complication on vision.
The exact causes of transitory coxitis doctors are not yet established. There is an assumption according to which disease can occur due to injury or diseases of an inflammatory nature. The disease is more exposed to small children. Transient coxitis is manifested in the form of severe pain in the groin area during movement. The disease is diagnosed through ultrasound, and treatment process is performed on an outpatient basis.
At the first symptoms need to see a doctor and not to self-medicate. If not timely matched the correct therapy, Cox can lead to destruction of the hip joint and in such serious diseases as leukemia or sepsis.