The regeneration of cartilage tissue of the knee joint: a complex measures to cure
A disturbance in the cartilage of joints can begin as early as their 30s. In studies on the cartilage surface reveal cleavage and faults. The splitting may occur in both horizontal and vertical directions. The body begins to react to destructive processes, which the patient begins to be a cluster of cells of cartilage. Age-related conditions of cartilage of the knee joint can already be noticed in 40 years of age.
There are a lot of people suffer from various defects of articular cartilage. According to research, every year be thousands of patients who are diagnosed with the damage of cartilage of the knee joint. Such damage can occur due to age wear and sometimes due to sports injuries. When the patient refuses to undergo treatment, this leads to a noticeable decrease in the quality of life. In some cases, the patient begins to experience constant severe pain at the slightest movements of the legs. As a result, the patient can be diagnosed arthritis is a chronic painful disease of the joints their permanent deformation. The joints are called movable joints the bones involved in the movement of the bone levers, the movement of the body and maintaining it in the desired position. Diseases of the joints people suffer from ancient times.
The main reasons for the destruction of cartilage tissue
The main reason for the occurrence of joint diseases is the irregular metabolism, which occurs as a result of an unbalanced diet and poor lifestyle. The reason may be abuse of Smoking, alcohol, fatty and fried food, lack in the diet the body needs vitamins and minerals, poor physical activity, poor working conditions.
Often diseases of articular cartilage arise from infectious lesions of the joints. Chronic hypothermia joints also triggers the beginning and the progression of the disease. The inflammatory process in the knee joint can begin because of violations of the permeability of the vascular wall.
Even minor trauma of the knee joint can lead to the development and exacerbation of the disease. Joint disease suffer both men and women.
But men often can be found diseases of the spine, and in women — diseases of the peripheral joints.
The articular cartilage in the knee joint plays a very important role in human movement. He is a strong, elastic, smooth lining, main functions of which are:
- load distribution when walking;
- to ensure an easy sliding of the bones relative to each other.
The development of the disease the articular cartilage of the knee
When negative factors, the cartilage becomes rough and substantially thinner, and in some cases even dries up and becomes covered by cracks. Soft slide becomes impossible, instead there is a strong friction, the surfaces of the joints begin to cling to each other. If untreated, the process of degeneration continues. With reduced depreciation bones begin to become flat, thereby increasing the joint area. The patient can observe the appearance of osteophytes — bony growths having the form of growths.
Due to lack of flow and mobility in the structure of the knee joint begins to atrophy, joint fluid becomes thick, viscous. This leads to a weakening of the receipt of useful nutrients to the cartilage, which greatly impairs the patient’s condition.
Due to the thinning of cartilage, significantly reduced the distance between declinaison bones. When walking starts strong friction joints. The destructive processes continue, more and more progress. The patient begins to feel morning stiffness, painful condition. This happens when you run the load and complete rest. Particularly pronounced painful symptoms become when walking on the stairs. To prevent painful leg, the man begins to limp. In severe cases, the patient can no longer walk without a cane or crutches.
At the advanced degree of arthrosis of the cartilage tissue is almost completely destroyed. To restore cartilage will not have any ointments and preparations in this case can help only surgical intervention.
How to restore the cartilage of the joint?
Surprisingly, the cartilage of the knee joint is designed so that it can be easily damaged by even a load of 1 kg applied in the wrong place. This will never happen if the joint is enclosed in a solid corset of ligaments which hold the bone in position.
Recovery of knee cartilage is possible only when you receive sufficient amount of nutrients to cartilage. The day his knees bent and unbent many times. If there is a lack of lubrication — synovial fluid, the abutting joints will increasingly destroy each other.
Blood in the knee joint doesn’t come (articular cartilage has no capillaries). In the absence of proper nutrition the growth and repair of cartilage becomes impossible. To support its existence, the cartilage is forced to take certain minerals and vitamins from the synovial fluid.
To the regeneration of cartilage tissue were faster, you need to maintain a high level of chondrocytes, the basic cartilage cells. This is achieved through adequate nutrition, which is possible through synovial fluid. However, if the knee joint will remain in a stationary state, the nutrients are unable to penetrate into the fabric. The restoration of joint cartilage depends almost entirely on physical activity.
The first thing to do is to review your diet. Should take only natural products. However, this does not mean that the food must be taken only foods of plant origin. In the first place to avoid drinking carbonated water, fast food, fried oily food. They not only reduce the level of acidity in the gastrointestinal tract, but also prevent the production of growth hormones. Meal need to exercise 5-6 times a day. Portions should be small or medium.
The amount of growth hormone in the blood depends on the intensity of your workouts. The more intense the class, the faster will be the recovery of cartilage of the joints. However, do not overdo it. After a workout should not be feeling worn out, should remain vigorous condition of the body. In injuries of joints the intensity of training must be discussed with the doctor. He will tell you what exercises to do. Any workout should include a warm-up of the damaged joint and spine.
In the treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee one should choose the right set of measures for the cure of the disease. The first step is to establish the correct diagnosis. The sooner treatment is started, the better the chances of quick recovery. Painkillers should be taken only as directed by your doctor. In violation of the cartilage of the knee taking chondroprotector, due to which there is a rapid restoration of damaged cartilage. Additionally take warming ointment, anti-inflammatory creams and vasodilators. Your doctor may prescribe applying various compresses on the painful joint, as well as injections and physiotherapy.
Don’t forget that medications do not cure osteoarthritis of the knee, but only help to get rid of unpleasant symptoms. Many of them have side effects, and their long-term use undesirable.
Analgesics should be only for very acute pain, as they negatively affect the joint.
Treatment for knee joints of folk remedies
One of the most popular folk recipes for the treatment of inflamed joints — applying to the affected area of the pulp from a grated radish and horseradish. When overlaying it should be well rubbed into the skin. Effective recipe — salt and water. For its preparation you need to take 10 ml of pine oil and gently heat. In the warmed oil to moisten a cloth and pour the top layer of salt. Salty side apply the cloth to the affected area, cover with a package and wrapped with an elastic bandage for the night. The course of treatment — 1 week (compresses should be done every day).
You should also take diuretic herbs which will relieve swelling and inflammation. Good herbs such as kidney tea, nettle, corn silk, horsetail, dandelion root. 1 tbsp of any herb brewed Cup of boiling water. Take the infusion should be 3 times a day.
100 g of leaves of hazel, pour 3 cups of alcohol and insist 3 weeks in a dark place at room temperature. This tincture is used for grinding and preparing packs for the night. You can mince 200 g of elecampane and burdock to wash it down with 1 liter of rubbing alcohol and insist 3 weeks in a dark place. The tincture can be used 3 times a week. For the prevention of useful to drink a drink with chicory or tea with cranberry leaves. To the aching joints can be applied burlap that has been infused with propolis.
For acute pain in the knee joint helps tincture chestnut. To prepare 600 g of chopped chestnuts, pour 1 liter of vodka and infused for 2 weeks with daily shaking. This infusion is rubbed into painful joints at night before bedtime.