The spikes in the knee joint treatment
The spikes in the knee joint, or scientific, osteophytes is bony growths. As a rule, the growths appear on the joints due to joint diseases due to destroyed cartilage. One of the most common of such diseases is arthrosis deformans. Most often deforming osteoarthritis affects the knee, hip, and joints of the fingers and hands.
The nature of the disease
The bones forming the joint, in their places of articulation are covered with cartilage tissue. This is necessary in order to provide sliding surfaces at the movement, and also to prevent erasing of the bone. In the cartilage does not contain blood vessels, so the nutrition is due to the synovial fluid that fills the joint cavity.
The main reason for various changes and degenerative processes in the cartilage tissue is a metabolic process. All the necessary substances that enter the body are not processed properly, so the synovial fluid changes its structure and loses its nutritional properties. As a result, the cartilage begins to «starve». Over time its surface starts to dry out, and microcracks. The articular surfaces no longer slide relative to each other, and the cartilage is gradually erased. The body responds to changes and seeks to restore damaged areas.
But the body does not have the ability to rebuild cartilage tissue and, therefore, in place of the missing cartilage (usually on the edges) starts to grow bone tissue. So in the knee appear a boundary bony growths – osteophytes. They are called thorns, as these bony growths covered the damaged area is uneven and have sharp edges.
Sometimes spike in the knee joint breaks off and falls between the joint surfaces than blocking movement of the limb. This phenomenon is called a «joint mouse».
Causes and symptoms of thorns in the knee
Causes spikes in the knee joint can be set. In addition to violations of metabolic processes, identify the following causes of osteophytes in the knee joint.
|Injury.||Domestic or sports injuries can lead to various damage to the knee. If the injury was left unattended or untreated, the cartilage surface could be formed cracks, resulting in future serious problems.|
|Physical overload.||Frequent repetitive stress due to sports or work activities can lead to the fact that cartilage is constantly in stavlennia position and is gradually erased.|
|Extra pounds.||Obesity and pregnancy creates additional stress on the knees, and subsequently lead to thinning of cartilage.|
|Autoimmune diseases.||Violation of metabolic processes and blood circulation can cause diseases: osteoarthrosis, arthritis, bursitis, etc.|
|Changes of hormonal.||Imbalance of hormones (for example, menopause or disease) can also lead to joint problems.|
During the formation of osteophytes in the knee joint there are two stages – primary and secondary, each of which has its own symptoms. At primary stage the disease has a slow course. When movement appears rapid fatigue, pain minor. As a rule, after the rest, all the unpleasant symptoms disappear. In the secondary stage of the disease is more intense. Painful sensations become stronger and not leave the person during rest.
Then move is becoming increasingly difficult. At the second stage in the knee irreversible degenerative processes. The spikes in the knee begin to form in the place thinned or missing cartilage. Externally, the disease can manifest swelling and deformity. If the osteophytes in the hip joint or in the knee breaks away, it can lock the joint and prevent it from moving.
The secondary stage requires urgent medical intervention. Otherwise this will inevitably lead to the disability of the person.
Osteophytes in the joints of the fingers
Osteophytes can also appear on the joints of the fingers and hands. Bony growths of the hand lead to the formation of thickening and nodules. The disease most often affects the joints of the last and penultimate phalanges of the fingers. In the early stages of osteoarthritis may be a slight stiffness and crunching during movement, especially in the morning. After the development of the brush unpleasant sensations are.
Over time, the new disease affects the joints. Externally, the joints are severely deformed and bent in one direction or another. At first it hurt to do the job, coupled with fine motor skills (e.g., sewing). Later on the person becomes difficult to perform even simple daily actions.
Another factor contributing to the irregularities in the articular structure is working. People involved in agricultural work, musicians, seamstresses perform thousands of hand movements in a day. This can lead to premature breakdown of cartilage and joint deformities of the fingers and hands.
The causes of osteoarthritis of the hands, in General, the same as when any other lesions of the joints. With age, the formation of new cells of cartilage slows down, and the old is gradually erased.
How to get rid of osteophytes
The treatment of the patient’s joint includes a whole range of different methods. You first need to relieve inflammation and pain. To do this, take nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs:
To improve blood circulation and nutrition of the affected joint treatment with such funds:
- nicotinic acid;
- b vitamins
Effective means are chondroprotectors. Are drugs that promote the restoration of cartilaginous tissue: chondroitin, artra, chondroflex. Treatment with these drugs has a positive effect after 9-12 months after the start of. Treatment is also carried out using intra-articular injections, which are needed for normal movement.
Treatment of joints is carried out and with the help of physical therapy. Physiotherapy improves blood circulation in the affected areas, accelerates the healing process, and also have analgesic effect. The most effective treatments are considered to be radon baths, mud therapy, phonophoresis, electrophoresis. In the absence of inflammation also showing massage and physiotherapy.
If the growth of osteophytes in the knee joint and in the joints of the fingers prevents movement, the treatment is carried out surgically.