The symptoms and treatment of arthritis of the foot the traditional and in-home

How to identify and cure arthritis of the joints of the foot?

For the effective implementation of motor functions, people use stops.

They provide shock absorption during walking and during exercise, allow you to jump, run, keep balance.

Therefore, the value of a healthy stop for the adequate functioning of the organism is difficult to overestimate. Accordingly, arthritis was amazed at the joints of the foot, then this must immediately fight as soon as possible to rectify the situation.

The essence of the disease

Inflammation of the joint components of the foot, is called arthritis. To understand the mechanism of the process, it is necessary to understand the structure of the joint.

Structurally stop consists of:

  • several bones (foot 26);
  • bone articular surface;
  • a cushioning layer of cartilage;
  • the joint capsule, lined with synovial coating;
  • joint cavity: space between the cartilage and bag.

An inflammatory process that attacks the cartilage, is called arthritis. The disease is divided into two types:

  1. Primary arthritis affects perfectly healthy body often quite suddenly. To identify the root cause of failure can be very difficult.
  2. The secondary type usually provokes a related ailment afflicting the body previously. Provocateurs can be gonorrhea, tuberculosis, acute respiratory condition, influenza, syphilis. Infection caused by these diseases flows freely into the joint cavity, infecting him.

In acute cases, it is important to establish the cause of the disease to prescribe an effective treatment regimen. For this reason, the rheumatologist refers the patient to survey the state of the organism as a whole.

What triggers the development of the disease

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Arthritis can affect people of any age, depending on the type of disease.

The causes of the disease are different, but it is necessary to highlight the main groups:

  1. Autoimmune processes. Not completely understood the look when the body’s own immune system sends to destroy himself.
  2. Infection. Often the causative agents of disease are infectious agents such as gonococci, chlamydia, Bacillus, Streptococcus.
  3. Traumatic exposure. It usually happens with professional athletes, from a lateral impact in accidents or coincidence. Arthritis also can occur when wearing shoes of poor quality.
  4. Genetic causes. The tendency to the disease arthritis can be transferred by inheritance.
  5. Lesions of the articular cartilage caused by specific reasons. It happens when the body’s are parasitic life forms, going an excessive amount of salts (gout), changes occur on a background of psoriasis.
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Aggravating factors are:

  • violations of metabolism: metabolism is able to influence all organs and systems, and it may provoke the violation;
  • the weakening of immune protection: this condition may occur due to hypothermia, alcohol abuse and Smoking, chronic fatigue of the body;
  • overweight: obesity is a serious pressure on the lower limbs, which adversely affects the condition of the joints;
  • age-related changes: banal aging joint parts can cause disease.

Characteristics of the clinical picture

Typically, patients treated in the clinic after the onset of the second stage of arthritis when the disease begins to affect the quality of life.

The symptoms of arthritis of the foot can be divided into two main groups: specific and nonspecific.

Specific features peculiar only to such disease as arthritis of the joints of the foot:

  • stiffness in the morning;

  • severe pain in the region of the foot;
  • valgus changes of the feet;
  • multiple lesions (with the infectious nature of the disease);
  • rash and redness.

Nonspecific symptoms peculiar to a number of diverse conditions, including arthritis and:

  • violation of the articular functions;
  • specific, crisp sound when driving;
  • acute pain;
  • the swelling and redness;
  • General intoxication, weakness, chills, fever, lack of appetite.

Classification of the disease

To determine the appropriate treatment strategy you need to know what kind of disease is a kind of arthritis of the foot.

Release:

  1. Rheumatoid arthritis. This type is due to an autoimmune nature. This disease very difficult to treat as it tends to recur. Fight the body’s own cartilage tissue can be triggered by the patient has a PLANO-valgus feet, excessive alcohol consumption, excess nicotine.
  2. Osteoarthritis. This type of disease arises in the case of degeneration of tissues. Relapses are possible in the calcination and when the joint deformity remains unnoticed for a long time. Often develops into a chronic form.
  3. Traumatic. Occurs when injury or disproportionately large load on the foot. Can take place due to fracture, sprain or injury. It affects all age groups. In children it is important to choose the correct treatment strategy in order not to harm the fragile body.
  4. High risk of developing reactive arthritis after hard infectious disease. Focused front of treatment the doctor is required to appoint a course of antibiotics.
  5. Cause gouty arthritis able the metabolic disorders, due to which the excess uric acid deposited in joint cavity of the big toe. The disease is characterized by sudden and acute attacks of pain, which block traffic and paralyze the habitual way of life of the affected person.

Diagnostic measures

If a sudden pain and swelling in the ankle, you should immediately contact a rheumatologist.

The doctor will examine and collect medical history. Orthopedist or a rheumatologist will assess the damaged condition of the foot, the degree of deformation, the mobility, the nature of the gait of the patient.

If there is trauma, it is possible to attract to the inspection of trauma.

Methods of diagnosis:

  • x-rays;
  • ultrasound examination;
  • magnetic resonance method;
  • CT.

Be sure to conduct a General analysis of blood the study for the detection of sugar. In rare cases it is necessary to make joint puncture.

It is necessary to differentiate arthritis from diseases such as: milusheva neuroma, bursitis of the foot.

The complex of therapeutic measures

After the cause of arthritis of the foot, identified and correct diagnosis, a physician begins the treatment of the disease.

It is divided into three main groups:

  • basic (medical);
  • subsidiary;
  • folk.

Medication

Treatment of arthritis involves the use of:

  1. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs: Diclofenac, Newmaximum. These drugs are used for pain, swelling and as Immunostimulants.
  2. Also, the rheumatology practice base (Azathioprine, Methotrexate) and hormonal drugs (Prednisone»).
  3. Specific treatment in the form of antibiotics, chondroprotectors, antiviral drugs will depend on the underlying disease that caused arthritis.

Additional measures of therapy

In the acute phase of the disease possible imposition of plaster splint.

Auxiliary methods of treatment of the disease are:

  • physiotherapy;
  • special exercises;
  • massage;
  • mud;
  • amplipuls therapy;
  • magnetic therapy;
  • hirudotherapy is used in case of metabolic disorders.

Wearing special footwear also gives positive results.

More advanced arthritis may need surgical intervention: arthroplasty or total joint replacement.

When significant deformation of the big toe preferably resection.

In the acute period of the disease should be possible to reduce the load on the damaged joint, and apply a pressure bandage to avoid increasing inflamed area.

Unconventional therapies

Before you make a decision about the use of folk remedies for treating arthritis of the foot in the home, consult a physician and approval by a specialist of the methods chosen.

Use a few well-known folk remedies:

  • turpentine baths: effective pain reliever;
  • herbal tinctures: normalize the rate of metabolism, and tincture of cedar helps gout;
  • lotions and compresses: relieve edema; classic overlay on the sore spot cabbage leaf helped many patients;
  • the essential oils strengthen the immune system and improve health.

Also helps to get rid of pain and improve blood flow – massage using honey, which is carried out after the bath.

The question of power

In addition, the patient with arthritis of the foot is to balance your diet, taking into account the recommendations of the doctor selects a recommended diet.

With regards to diet, opinions differ. Tighter restrictions in the intake of certain foods, e.g. red meat, are established gout.

In other cases it is necessary to include in the menu more vitamins and minerals, and to eliminate the hazards: dry, fried, smoked, to give up alcohol and nicotine, carbonated drinks and fast food.

The rehabilitation period

Better to spend the recovery period in the health institutions, where qualified experts will select the patient’s individual rehabilitation program.

In General, prevention is reduced to the following rules:

  • avoiding alcohol and Smoking;
  • selection of comfortable shoes;
  • prevention of overweight;
  • avoidance of fatigue;
  • a strengthened immune system;
  • timely treatment of disease;
  • caution during movement and exercise.

It is important to remember that self-medication can lead to a complicated course of the disease and subsequent disability.