Therapeutic gymnastics in coxarthrosis of the hip joint, its benefits

Лечебная гимнастика при коксартрозе тазобедренного сустава, ее польза

Joint destruction occurs due to the depletion in this cartilage and traumatic friction of bones

In the morning I always don’t want to get up. But if this reluctance is due to the dullness and stiffness of the joints, if you need some time to feel confident in the hands and feet, ognorance to go to the doctor. Coxarthrosis — the scourge of our time, he holds the palm among the diseases of locomotor apparatus. In most cases, this illness affects people, crossing the 40 year mark. Moreover, in women, the disease develops more often.

Coxarthrosis of the hip joint can be unilateral and bilateral. Moreover, with a bilateral form joints affected simultaneously, but one after the other. The insidiousness of coxarthrosis in the fact that at the initial stage, when the disease is easier to cure, it declares itself in minor symptoms. Morning stiffness occurs only when walking can develop pelvic or knee joints, but it passes quickly. And then there is a characteristic crunch of bones. Therapeutic gymnastics in coxarthrosis of the hip joint to successfully deal with this disease.

Symptoms and causes of illness

The disease develops in 3 stages. With 1 degree of coxarthrosis articulate space narrowing, begin small changes in the bones. Mobility and human performance during the day is not affected.

As practice shows, most often diagnosed with coxarthrosis of the hip, spine or knee joint 2 stage of the disease. Due to the extensive internal changes, the pain moving from episodic to frequent (especially at night). Ill walking as easy, he starts to spare his bad leg, picks up a cane. The leg muscles are deprived of the usual load, deteriorating blood circulation, dystrophy and, as a result, the person has a limp. All this is caused by rapidly progressive damage to the interarticular tissues. The cartilage becomes thinner, and begins the inflammation of the periosteum.

Лечебная гимнастика при коксартрозе тазобедренного сустава, ее польза

Unlike the patient and the healthy hip joint is the depletion of cartilage «cushions»

In coxarthrosis 3 degrees radiograph shows significant bone growth around the head of a large femur and top of the acetabulum, is also visible extension of the neck bones. The joint space is almost absent. Change the posture and gait of the patient. The cane is not an auxiliary, but indispensable means of transportation. Pain does not stop, day or night, changing only their intensity. Fourth degree — the most severe form of coxarthrosis is characterized by complete immobility of the joints.

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It is impossible to say unequivocally that affects the appearance of the disease. There are a number of reasons for the development of the disease. Any one or a combination of several factors can cause disease.

Coxarthrosis in children may develop as a result of congenital degenerative changes in the hip joint. Its development in the adult, contribute to extra weight, excessive stress on the joints, obtained earlier injuries, arthritis, osteoporosis, congenital changes of the femoral head, heredity.

Treatment and prevention of osteoporosis

There is no single cause for osteoporosis, so there is no correct way of treatment. At various stages of the disease are assigned different drugs designed to stop pain and spasms, reduce inflammation and help maintain or increase the cartilage tissue. But usually, one drug is sufficient.

In the treatment of any stage of the disease is physiotherapy. Regular and proper execution returns to the mobility of the joints and the muscles — the ability to function normally. The most effective recognized methods of joint exercises doctor Pellico, exercise technique Dikul and gymnastics doktora Bubnovskogo. Incidentally, the author of the adaptive gymnastics S. M. Bubnovsky is the hip implant.

Before you begin performing exercises, you should know that gymnastics in coxarthrosis of the hip joint is a therapeutic agent. And he, like any other, also has its contraindications. Physiotherapy aims to develop the joints and to restore their lost mobility.

Doing exercises, it is important to remember the following rules:Лечебная гимнастика при коксартрозе тазобедренного сустава, ее польза

  • any physical activity is contraindicated during exacerbations;
  • all the exercises are not performed rapidly, but gently and smoothly;
  • no sharp bends or deep squats;
  • if you are performing certain exercises the painful sensation, the affected area requires a mild massage in coxarthrosis.

Exercises any kind of gymnastics should be chosen individually for each patient. You need to take into account the individual characteristics of the patient: the severity of the disease, General physical development and health.

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Therapeutic exercise method Bubnovsky

Monitoring of patients helped to create a complex of therapeutic exercises that have a beneficial influence on musculoskeletal system. Thanks to the gym in coxarthrosis of the hip muscles for a long time retain its elasticity. To begin to master the course of gymnastics for the beginner. It will help prepare the body for the main exercises and further loads.

Adaptive exercises for beginners (run 20 times).

  • You need to sit on the heels, to relax and perform breathing exercises. Then, moving hands in a circle and inhale slowly to get up. Exhale to do in the original position.
  • The palm put on the abdomen and tight lips to emit when you exhale the sound ”PF”.
  • Lie on your back, put your hands behind your head, legs bent at the knees. Exhale to pull the body off the floor and on the inhale to return to starting position.
  • Lie on your back, put your hands behind your head and bend your knees. On the exhale maximally lift the hips and move the knees.
  • Lying on your back, try when you exhale to close between the knees and elbows at one point.
  • Lie on your right side and stretch the right arm to the floor. You need to regroup, pulling his knees to his chest.
  • Physical therapy in coxarthrosis of the hip joint, and diseases of the knee joint (the first 5 exercises are performed lying on the back).

  • To stretch my legs, then slowly bend the leg at the knee, not lifting her from the floor. Make original position and do the exercise with the other leg.
  • Upper body to lift above the floor and drop in a few seconds.
  • Bent knees alternately to pull the arms to the torso. After holding this position, return in a few seconds in the original position.
  • To alternately raise above the floor legs without bending the knees, to a height of 20-30 cm
  • Straighten your legs, then raise one of them to a height of 20-30 cm, hold in this position for a few seconds and gently lower. To perform this exercise with the other leg.
  • To sit on a chair and lean forward, trying to touch the hands to the feet.
  • In the standing position alternately perform Mahi feet. Forward-backward and sideways.
  • Sitting on the floor, you need to clasp hands and soles harder to lean forward.
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    Лечебная гимнастика при коксартрозе тазобедренного сустава, ее польза

  • In position on all fours you need to relax your muscles, take a deep breath and slowly arch your back. Then slowly, exhale, simultaneously rotting back (20 times).
  • Lie on your back, straight arms along the body. Inhale deeply, then slowly exhaling and leaning on the feet and the shoulders as high as possible to lift above the floor of the pelvis. Exhale simultaneously with the lowering of the pelvis (20 times).
  • Lying on your back, put your hands behind your head, elbows up to direct. To bend feet in knees and to press to a breast a chin. From this situation we need to try to get the elbows knees. With the appearance of mild fatigue, the exercise should be discontinued.
  • Get on all fours and, without bending elbows, lean forward, and then return to the starting position (20-25 times).
  • The technique is suitable for almost all age groups, from infants to the elderly. A separate special gymnastics for pregnant women. When properly selected exercises, the load and the development of rules for breathing, which under the force of each, you can achieve excellent results.