Thoracic spine: the cause of the pain, gymnastics and massage
The thoracic spine consists of 12 vertebrae attached to them by joints rigid frame made of ribs. Due to the presence of the ribs, the mobility of the anatomical structures are much smaller than the other vertebrae. Pain in the thoracic spine is sometimes perceived as heart pain or discomfort associated with a cold. But the reasons for this phenomenon may be much more to this disease:
- the skeletal system;
- the respiratory organs;
- digestive system;
- and also a weak immune system.
The role of the thoracic — to keep the back wall of the thorax, and the role of the frame of the spine to protect the edges of thorax and all internal organs from possible injuries. Spine externally as if composed of plates, superimposed, overlapping like shingles on a roof. This so-called spinous processes of the vertebrae, which ensure static position of the thoracic.
In the thoracic spine is a narrow spinal canal, the disruption of which can even be caused by disc hernia or slight swelling. When this occurs, there is compression of the roots nerve endings and, as a consequence, a sharp pain in the thoracic spine. Other causes of discomfort:
- injury to the muscles, causes pain in the chest and the back, between the ribs, worse during sneezing, coughing or sudden movements;
- heart disease, digestion, breathing and other internal organs (can cause constant pain in chest and back);
- sprain or inflammation of the ligaments and joints of the thoracic;
- spinal deformity (scoliosis) or ribs due to an injury.
Osteochondrosis of the thoracic: causes, symptoms
But most often it hurts the chest osteochondrosis — the most common diseases of the skeletal system. The main cause of this disease is the degenerative-dystrophic lesions of the intervertebral discs, which lose moisture and elasticity, age, worse start to perform its function, adversely affecting the operation of the affected spine.
Onset of the disease often provoke excessive load, improper diet, a sedentary lifestyle. The habit of sitting in incorrect posture over time leads to imbalance of muscles, violation of the provisions of the vertebrae, and, as a consequence, pathologies of power supply of the intervertebral discs. Then they may be a protrusion (the protrusion of the shell disks) or hernias — ruptures of the fibrous ring around the disc, compressing the spinal cord and nerve conduction in violation.
Osteochondrosis of the thoracic called a «disease of the chameleon» because its symptoms are easily mistaken for symptoms of cholecystitis, cardiovascular diseases or disorders of the gastrointestinal tract.
- pain in the thoracic spine, increasing after a long stay in a static posture or considerable physical exertion;
- pain in the back, shoulders and between the shoulder blades;
- a feeling of tightness in the back and chest;
- pain in the thoracic spine with deep inhalations and exhalations;
- pain when lifting the hands;
- pain between the ribs during movement;
- the feeling of limitation of motion during flexion-extension of the trunk.
Osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine is quite an insidious disease that often leads to serious consequences. The problem is that the spinal canal of the thoracic too narrow, so even a small violation can lead to compression of the spinal cord. If time does not seek help to the doctor, this disease can threaten:
- intercostal neuralgia;
- violation of respiratory function;
- decreased immunity;
- a malfunction of the internal organs.
The diagnosis «osteochondrosis of the thoracic» is placed after studying x-ray images of the patient, which needs to be seen by the growth of vertebral bodies and decreases the height of intervertebral discs.
Methods of treatment
When the diagnosis in a patient of osteoarthritis, the main task of the doctor is relief of pain. To do this, use anti-inflammatory drugs, muscle relaxants and analgesics, corticosteroids and sedatives, positively affecting the nervous system of the patient.
Widely used in the treatment of degenerative disc disease received the drugs belonging to the class of nonsteroidal anti-inflammation:
The main drawback of these drugs is irritant action on the gastric mucosa, so patients with diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (gastritis, ulcers), oral form, their use is prohibited, and intramuscular injections, too, often have a negative impact. In this case, the doctor may prescribe NSAIDs a new generation, not irritating the mucous membrane, for example, nimesulide.
This warning is important because in 50% of cases of diseases of the osteochondrosis of the thoracic inflammation is localized in the lower segments of which face fibers of the sympathetic nervous system innervating the liver, gallbladder, duodenum and stomach.
When severe pain in the thoracic spine administered by a local blockade analgesics (lidocaine, analgin) in combination with corticosteroid drugs.
A set of measures for the treatment of osteoarthritis consists of several methods, among which necessarily includes gymnastics. A reliable barrier of this disease can be development of a proper posture. Back when walking to keep straight, chin raised, shoulders deployed. Exercises are essential for maintaining muscle tone: they provide good mobility of all segments of the thoracic, and then the osteochondrosis retreats.
Therapeutic exercises aimed at improving mobility of the thoracic spine and to ensure free breathing. A full range of Wellness measures, usually assigned in osteochondrosis, consists of:
- correction position;
- outdoor sports;
- water gymnastics;
- massage and other manual procedures.
It is the massage most doctors give the palm in the treatment of degenerative disc disease of the thoracic, stressing that complete recovery can be achieved only using a comprehensive treatment.
Massage of the thoracic
With the help of massage can quickly and effectively facilitate the course of such diseases as osteochondrosis of the thoracic and cervical spine, scoliosis, kyphosis, vertebral artery syndrome, spinal instability in the upper part. With all these diseases you can use the following massage steps:
- to stretch;
- to vibrate;
- to squeeze;
1st massage must be short, gentle, without the use of force. Self-massage of the thoracic runs light fingers, without effort, in the direction from the center to the periphery or from the neck down. With the help of massage rather quickly eliminates pain syndrome, and in addition:
- relieve tension in the muscles;
- improves lymph and blood flow;
- strengthening the muscular corset;
- stabiliziruemost the condition of the spine.
In diseases of the cardiovascular system massage is not recommended. The best therapeutic effect can be achieved with integrated application of massage thoracic massage of the back in the cervical area, the sternum, and lumbosacral.
Treatment of folk remedies
Traditional medicine offers its own methods of dealing with the breast tenderness, it is absolutely safe and often very effective:
But the most effective and pleasant method, of course, Russian bath. Experts recommend to visit a sauna sessions 5 times (every other day), with breaks of 1 month. Note: in exacerbation of the disease a visit to the sauna is contraindicated. Well, after the bath be sure to drink your tea from crushed leaves and berries of wild strawberry. Perfectly soothes, helps with pain in the chest and back, and is unusually fragrant and delicious.