Types of arthritis of the shoulder joint, their symptoms and treatment methods
How to detect and cure arthritis of the shoulder joint?
The modern pace of life sometimes does not allow us to think about the health of their joints. This is simply not enough time.
Testing the strength of your own joints, people often load them beyond measure, and when you experience intermittent pain associate them with fatigue and high physical activity.
What could be simpler than receiving analgesic for or any other joint pain? Well, perhaps even the use of any warming ointment. The effect is almost instant and the problem again is forgotten, the visit to the clinic is postponed, and meanwhile quietly begins development of a very unpleasant disease of arthritis.
What is arthritis and can it be avoided? Consider this disease on the example of the shoulder joint.
Arthritis is called the inflammation of the shoulder joint of various etiology.
The shoulder joint itself is unique, it differs from other joints of our body the highest mobility. But the loads he gets serious! Therefore inherent all common joint ailments, including arthritis.
What causes arthritis of the shoulder joint and how to avoid it?
Among the causes of arthritis of the shoulder joint there are several basic, the most common.
- Trigger the disease (infectious, autoimmune diseases – rheumatism, systemic lupus erythematosus, and others)
- High physical load on the joint for a long time (heavy physical work, lifting weights)
- A sedentary lifestyle, or physical activity, directed on the same muscle group
- Allergic reactions
- Old age (in this case, arthritis of the shoulder joint occurs because of osteoporosis)
The types of the disease.
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Conventionally, there are several types of arthritis of the shoulder joint:
This arthritis occurs in the case only of a shoulder injury. Not necessarily the occurrence of arthritis immediately after the injury, it can occur much later, after a long period of time when people forgot to think that once injured shoulder.
Occurs on the background of the disease – rheumatism. Most often, the process involved both the shoulder joint. In rheumatoid arthritis the most affected synovial membrane of the shoulder joint.
Occurs after 50 years associated with wear and aging of joint cartilage.
Osteoarthritis of the shoulder joint
It is usually age-related degenerative changes in the cartilage that cause similar symptoms — aching shoulder, crunching during movement, etc.
How to recognize the disease?
The main symptoms of arthritis of the shoulder joint, like any other arthritis are pain and limited mobility in the joint.
In the early stages of the disease the pains are short-lived, unstable in nature, occur after a high load and speed.Therefore, people with a first degree of arthritis is very rarely are patients of the clinic. But over time the disease develops, arthritis progresses to the second degree.
At the second degree of arthritis, the affected joint pain is not only under load but also at rest. Especially increase pain attacks at night, closer to morning. Joint mobility is very limited. The patient complains that it is difficult to raise hands, as well as the emergence krepitiruyuschie the crunch when driving. The skin in the shoulder joint area is swollen, hyperemic, often, increased body temperature, especially during the exacerbations of rheumatoid arthritis. Patients with grade 2 arthritis sometimes experience unbearable pain attacks, which leads them to the doctor.
3 the degree of arthritis is characterized by not only pain, but also the complete loss of joint mobility. This degree of shoulder arthritis can lead to disability. The photos show an irreversible degenerative changes in the cartilage, when viewed from the marked deformity of the joint, palpation induces sharp pain.
Determine the approximate treatment plan.
Treatment of arthritis of the shoulder joint should start with the normalization of the modes, exceptions, exercise, right diet (to be entered on a special diet). Excluded pickles, spices, seasoning limited to salt and sugar, consumption of fatty foods.
The main objectives of treatment include:
- Pain relief
- The removal of the inflammatory process in the joint
It should be remembered that patients with pronounced pain syndrome cannot be assigned physiotherapy, massage, manual therapy.
All this will be impossible to perform because of acute pain during the procedures.
The final choice of treatment is always the doctor, but You can find out what they are used to treat arthritis.
Treatment is always conservative, the main drugs are:
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
- Hyaluronic acid
- Vitamin preparations
- Drugs local application of gels, ointments
When pain is assigned to physiotherapy: UHF, CMT, laser, therapeutic exercise, massage, manual therapy.
In stage 3 arthritis all these therapeutic measures are ineffective.
The best solution in generalized lesions of the joint is full or partial replacement – replacement.
As a result of surgical intervention, the patient forgets the pain and the function of the damaged joint is almost fully restored.
Having considered the causes, symptoms, and basic principles of treatment of arthritis of the shoulder joint, you can make a well-known conclusion: disease is easier to prevent than to treat! Keep an active lifestyle, eat right, do exercises, and then for many years your joints will be healthy.
Do not forget that any disease should be treated by a specialist, promptly contact your doctor!