Violation of posture in children and adults: types, causes, treatment and prevention

How to identify postural abnormalities, determine the type, cause and choose a treatment

Posture is a the body, which ensures the correct distribution of load on the musculoskeletal system.

The ability to keep a correct posture is measured at the correct location of the lines and curves of the back, their symmetry and expression of manifestation. In addition, the posture associated with a person’s ability to properly apply themselves, scientists in turn have shown a link between posture and sense of confidence in yourself.

Normal cervical and lumbar should be slightly curved toward the front part of the body. At the same time pelvic and pectoral regions needs to leave a little bit in the back of the body.

For correct posture characteristic equal leg length, location of the buttocks at the same level, symmetrical arrangement of such paired parts of the body like the shoulders, nipples, shoulders. Missing lateral curvature of the spine, all the curves are within a physiologically acceptable range of deviation from a straight line.

With proper posture the shape of the spine represent a straight line, performing a coordinated task of different complexity is not a problem.

As usual it all starts

The initial stage of the posture in the spine are called scoliosis, which is characterized by the bulging of the ribs on the back when tilted forward.

At this stage, no deviation of the shape of the spine, which will appear in the case of inaction, but there are already distortions in the chest and ribs.

This symptom is the first bell for start of therapy of disorders in a timely manner which can help correcting posture.

Such symptoms are manifestations of flatfoot. These defects develop on the background of frequent reproduction by the child of malposition of the body, which causes strain in not physiologically flexible areas.

To a greater extent subject to the lower limbs together with the feet, the pelvis, spine, thorax.

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Among the most common reasons that cause a violation of posture, both among adults and children:

  • uncomfortable clothes, which provokes a child to adjust to the size or style that affects the acquisition of stoop;
  • work in poor light forces you to choose the most convenient work position that is with frequent play, for example in school or when doing homework can lead to sustainable changes in the spine;
  • mechanical damage of the spine or parts thereof;
  • insufficient development of the muscles of the back causes even minor daily stress can cause pathologies;
  • irregularities in the auditory and visual systems, the constant effort to compensate for poor performance of the authorities the location of the body in the direction of the source of information or noise;
  • a pathological disorder of the spine congenital nature, such as connective tissue disease and rickets;
  • sedentary lifestyle, decreased activity of children and adolescents, the individualization of leisure activities, preference for computer games yard team;
  • a weakened immune system caused by the combined action of many harmful factors: nutrition, ecology;
  • violation of the regime of sleep and rest, causing the body is not able to provide the muscle activity at the appropriate level that contributes to the development of pathologies.

To ensure the development of posture in the period of formation necessary to provide the child with different types of physical activity, taking into account the load on all muscles.

The characteristics of the violation

The characteristic features of the irregularities and curvatures in the spine, the presence of which is necessary to consult physician for observation and treatment:

  • the presence of a difference in leg length;
  • the truncated triangle shape in the waist area on one side;
  • the first sighting of a hump;
  • the head is located to one side;
  • the presence of a difference in shoulder height;
  • complaints of pain in the back, the chest;
  • painful symptoms in the legs and feet when walking;
  • the expression of individual asymmetry of paired organs;
  • the manifestation of slouching when sitting at the table;
  • high exposure to communicable diseases;
  • any type of spinal curvature.
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Experts distinguish in the development of the disease a number of steps, this division helps to classify deviations from the norm of a particular person and to appoint adequate treatment.

For example, scoliosis develops when changing the angle of the curvature, 10% at the first degree of the disease to more than 50% at the fourth stage of the disease.

Classification of possible deviations from the norm

The following types of violations of posture, each of which has its own characteristics and symptoms:

  1. Scoliotic posture as the initial form of scoliosis.
  2. Scoliosis is stable curvature of the spine in the direction of the sideline. The signs of scoliosis can be expressed as a direct violation of the correctness of the line of the spinal curve, and the presence of one or more of the above-described characteristics. Depending on the degree of curvature of the spine, the doctor diagnoses the disease and determine its stage. If there are deviations from the norm of 10% is diagnosed the presence of scoliosis.
  3. A rib hump is one of the effects of scoliosis, is formed by turning at a certain angle related items breast calving. The same deformity can occur in the lumbar spine, the presence of abnormalities can be diagnosed by the characteristic bulges of the muscles, which is manifested in the deflection of the forward.
  4. Kyphotic posture, as the initial form of kyphosis.
  5. Kyphoscoliosis is a complex of disorders, consisting of scoliosis and violation consisting in marked curvature of the vertebral line in the direction of the back. The risk of acquiring such a posture is particularly true for people of high growth, tending to look below.
  6. Another manifestation of kyphosis is a deviation from the correct form of the thoracic, visually it gives the impression of a stooped posture or a hump. The posture of this type occurs when a strong strain in the thoracic spine. External signs of such violations consist in the protrusion of the shoulders forward and tilt down, tilt your head down. These signs enhance the visual effect of the roundness of the back, with anatomical displacement of the chest muscles leads to misalignment of the interaction of the intercostal muscles, the reduced mobility of the ribs, hinders the performance of the respiratory functions.
  7. Lordosis is characterized by the presence and increase in the size of bending of the vertebral column in the region of the lumbar. The outward manifestation of lordosis is to change the posture and the drive to acquire the following characteristics: pushed to the front of the shoulders, the divergence of the legs in the area of knee joint, forward head, a protruding abdomen with almost flat chest. The development of the disease leads to a limitation due to excessive load exerted on the spine combined effect of all variation.
  8. Flat feet is a violation of posture, consisting in the acquisition of the foot, more flat. The problem occurs on the background dysfunction attenuation during walking, running the arch of the foot. The result is a larger area of support, the person moves back the centre of gravity because of what he is trying to achieve a balance and leans forward.
  9. Krugovorota back, is characterized by the displacement of the center of gravity, increasing the curves of all areas of the spine that affects the disruption of the knee.
  10. Flat back is a deviation from the norm, consisting in the reduction of the anatomical curves of the spine, the desire for a straight line. Diagnosed with the growth of the child in the case where the joint bones are developing at a faster rate than increases muscle mass. The results can be a possible damage to brain and spinal cord, reducing the cushioning role of the pillar of the spine.
  11. The stoop is a violation of posture the back, which comes from fatigue of the back muscles, when the patient as if instinctively trying to move some load from the back to the front of the body. Most often, this type of violation is formed by the accelerated growth of bones. The first symptoms of development disorders is a feeling of heaviness in the back, in the future it can be supplemented with pain syndromes. Externally define the development of a stooped posture can be directed forward over the shoulders as a result of its effect occurs round the back, the knees are most often found in a half-bent position, the reduced volume of the chest.
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At risk are our children!

Posture is formed in the period from 8 to 23 years, in this time, the child under the supervision of adults must learn to choose the most balanced position to ensure the correct load on the spine. At the same time, are formed skills of self-awareness in space, formation of a motor linkages sustainable, is the establishment of stereotypical relations between the muscles.

Incorrect posture is due primarily to the deviation from the normal shape of the spine and, as a rule, lesions are formed in infancy and in children of preschool and school age.

In General, the formation of posture lasts up to 25-30 years, but that’s not to say that it does not change. The deterioration of posture, affect teenage complexes associated with the growth of individual body parts.

If this does not result correction of gait and mannerisms to keep myself disorders manifest themselves in the form of a stoop, dolgovesov, the effect of the drooping head and sunken shoulders.

Diagnostic criteria — tips for parents

Caring parents can practice periodic examinations of the posture of your child independently, identifying irregularities and correcting them by changing the conditions of work and leisure of the child, systematic observations.

This operation is carried out by visual inspection of the back side of the symmetry of the feet, knees, shoulders, estimate the correct head position.

Front need to examine the chest on the subject of symmetry, and the lateral position is necessary to evaluate the correct curvature of the spine. The crease between the buttocks and the line of the spine should be one straight line.

Correction and prevention of defects

Complex correction of posture defects involves the joint use of multiple methods of treatment:

  1. The use of a complex physical therapy in violation of posture is recommended solely on the basis of the recommendations of the doctor on their chosen program. When you exercise you need to exclude a movement with a wide amplitude in order to avoid traumatism of ligaments and muscles, when you exercise you must follow the pulse. The use of therapeutic exercises and programs of physical activity has proven efficacy in the stage of formation and growth of the vertebral column. The remaining stages are used as additional measures for other influences.
  2. Conducting manual therapy and therapeutic massage is indicated for most types of postural disorders. Is used to return the muscle activity, bringing them into tone, which corresponds to the full operation mode. Practiced a course of treatment that includes, depending on the disease from 10 to 20 sessions.
  3. The use of orthopedic constructions in the form of shoes or corsets is highly efficient because it operates in a soft mode for a long time, gradually correcting the violation, returning the affected area to normal.
  4. Surgical and operational impact are used as the least severe stages of the disease, in cases where other methods have not shown sufficient efficiency or, if necessary, emergency repair deviations.
  5. Among the commonly used methods used to treat a variety of physiotherapeutic operations, including treatment with magnets, laser, etc.
  6. Medication used in treatment for pain symptoms in critical conditions of the patient, to improve circulation, recharge the body with useful substances restorative.
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Features and aims of physical therapy

Among solved when carrying out therapy tasks:

  • improving blood flow to damaged areas;
  • the development of flexibility in the damaged areas;
  • preventive measures to prevent disorders related to blood flow to the brain by performing gymnastics for the cervical;
  • return of the lumbar toward depreciation, as prolonged exposure in a state of stress, without correction can cause the pinched nerve and the appearance of palpable pain in this area;
  • the combination of performing physical therapy with sports, gymnastics and massage help stabilize the spine, correct a violation of it, to prevent the manifestation of the disease to possible lesions in internal organs is capable of effective correction of scoliotic deformities;
  • the physical loads metered volume improves the supply of skeletal muscles and intervertebral discs of the necessary mineral and organic substances;
  • normalization of coordination between muscles and nerves while reducing the manifestations of pain.

Children’s complex

Physical therapy when violations posture is one of the most effective measures, consisting in the carrying out of a complex of exercises for correction of the spine in children. Treatment involves exercises to increase the mobility of joints, to strengthen muscle tone.

Specialist teaches the child the correct execution of prescribed exercises, which involves the completion of a corrective action child after some time. Medical-physical measures should be carried out several times a day, before each of them need the warm up to warm up the muscles.

Complex physical therapy, which is suitable for children with violation of posture:

With the aim of reducing the likelihood of violations of the recommended number of preventive measures, including:

  • work with the spinal muscles, their development and strengthening;
  • organization of working place;
  • the sedentary way of life that excludes the long-term presence in a fixed position;
  • the use of orthopedic shoes and mattresses to sleep.