What not to eat with gout: dietary guidelines
Gout is a disease in which the blood increases the concentration of uric acid which joints swell and hurt. Most common primary form of the disease, the cause of which is improper diet. Therefore, to know what not to eat with gout you need.
Bouts of illness often provokes the consumption of large amounts of meat, legumes and fish. Special attention should be paid to the presence in food of animal fats — such foods are harmful. Negative affect and alcohol use.
The principles of nutrition in disease
From the diet is recommended to avoid foods containing digestible carbohydrates. Also, you need to organize the meals should not eat large quantities of food at a time, preferably 5 times a day in small portions. Much attention is paid to drinking: the patient should drink at least 1.5 liters of fluid per day.
An obligatory condition is the presence of one fasting day during the week. In those days the food you can eat fruits and vegetables, but not more than two, to eat rice porridge on the water, compotes without sugar, fruit drinks, herbal teas.
Gout diet should limit intake of protein. The calculation is made thus: about 0.8-0.9 g of protein per 1 kg of weight of the patient. As for vegetable protein, it must be at least 30 percent of the total number consumed per day of the item.
The limitation of the subject and the fats. Their number is calculated from the use of 0.9-1 g of fat per 1 kg of body weight of a person. However, it is worth to note that these elements of vegetable origin should be more than 35 percent of the diet, while animal fat should be as low as possible. This is because vegetable fats are fatty acids well affect the metabolism of patients suffering from gout.
Should pay attention to the energy value of food. After exclusion of fats and proteins with other products should achieve the number of calories which is necessary for normal human life. This is due to the greater consumption of carbohydrates.
Now let’s talk about fluid intake. For normal operation of the urinary system, which is responsible for the output of uric acid, you should drink 1.5 liters of water a day. To consume 2 litres can only at the perfect functioning of such internal organs as the kidneys, blood vessels and heart.
This diet is maintained even when the disease is in a calm phase, not exacerbated. It is worth to note that during this period, the diet may not be as strict. During exacerbation need to reduce not only the amount of protein but also salt, oxalic acid, use the correct heat treatment products. In this case we are talking about stewing, boiling and cooking for a few.
People who are overweight and suffering from gout, it is especially important to limit the intake of fats and fast carbs.
The patient’s condition can facilitate the right products. What can you eat with gout?
It is important to eat foods that are rich in vitamins C, B1 and Niacin. They allow you to speed up the withdrawal of urate from the body. In addition, the food is plant-based, which includes a purine, will cause the patient less harm than, for example, a small dose of alcohol and a large number of prohibited meat. Fatty meats can cause recurrence of the attack.
It should be said about products that are approved for use in gout, but with a few restrictions. We are talking about lean fish, poultry meat, especially boiled. You can add cereal a little butter. For salads it is allowed to use tomatoes, but no more than three pieces a week. In the dishes allowed the use of lettuce and parsley.
Gout can eat plums, turnips, oatmeal and mushrooms, but only during remission and in small quantities. Thus it is necessary to monitor the condition of your body and at the first sign of deterioration to exclude these products from the diet.
Keep in mind what foods are strictly prohibited for use in gout. During exacerbation of the disease, and roughly one or two weeks under the ban are fish and meat. The same applies to salt which is part of many dishes. These products are acceptable in very small quantities. You should carefully study the recipes.
Under the ban, and the following products and dishes from them.
What is included in the diet number 6?
This diet is recommended for gout and are aimed at excretion of nitrogenous compounds. In addition, the menu excludes consumption of food containing oxalic acid and purines. The diet aims at maintaining the health of such organs as the kidneys. If there is a patient of obesity, the diet restricts intake of carbohydrates, including sugary foods and pastries.
Menu allowed by the diet, includes any soups, vegetables, potatoes, cereals, vegetarian and dairy soups. You can eat cold dishes, soup. Permitted products of rye and wheat flour or cakes with bran.
Fish and meat can be eaten in two weeks when the acute phase of the disease. These products are boiled or steamed. Allowed the use of 200 g of lean fish and 400 g of lean meat per week.
Dairy products must have a proportion of fat not exceeding 2 percent. This includes drinks, including yogurt. The fat content of cheese should not exceed 3 percent, and sour cream — 10. Allowed to eat cheeses, namely, feta cheese, ricotta and mozzarella. They do not contain large amounts of salt.
Allowed all cereals except oatmeal and beans, 1 chicken egg a day. As for vegetables, any, except prohibited. They are eaten fresh or boiled, steamed, baked and braised. Fruit, — all except the unlawful you can eat dried fruits. Sweet tooth is allowed to use honey, candy, jam, marmalade, compotes, milkshakes, green tea, and diluted juice, berry fruit drinks, broth hips and hawthorn.
To dishes, you can add Bay leaf, cinnamon, dill and parsley. Weight of meat portions should not exceed 150 g and the fishing — 160 g on the day of discharge, you should drink 300 ml of milk products, 400 g of fruit and vegetables and about 2.5 liters of fluid. The patient must not starve is contraindicated because of the increased concentration of uric acid.
Gout should distinguish between what is impossible and what is possible, and even useful. Recipes containing prohibited products be excluded immediately, otherwise a relapse is inevitable. Diet will help not only to avoid the aggravation, but also to improve the overall health of the patient, what gout is extremely important.