Yoga and low back pain: exercises in the treatment of disease
Osteochondrosis is a disease characterized by the violation of a degenerative nature in the cartilage of the joints. This pathology can arise and develop in any joint. However, most often observed in the joints of the spine. It cartilaginous discs between the vertebrae affects this disease in the first place. Depending on the localization of the osteochondrosis is divided into three types:
The causes of disease
Causes of disease reliably to date not been studied. It is known that the development of the disease contribute to produce a variety of injuries to the muscular system and the spinal column, as well as frequent physical overload.
The first manifestations of the disease the person usually begins to feel aged 35 years. Today there is an increase in applications in medical facilities of the younger population: 18 to 30 years. People come with complaints of pain in the back, which can be caused by low physical training, incorrect posture, curvature of the spine, the development of flat feet and extra weight.
The main causes of osteoarthritis in middle age:
- genetic predisposition;
- violation of metabolic processes in the body;
- the presence of the process of developing an infectious nature and long-term poisoning by toxins of microorganisms;
- violations of the regime and inadequacy of supply;
- changes related to age;
- injuries to the spinal column in the form of contusions and fractures;
- incorrect posture.
In addition to these reasons, low back pain can develop due to a sedentary lifestyle or the presence of constant high loads on the spine, such as the execution of the work associated with moving heavy loads and frequent changes of the spatial position of the body. Another factor is the abuse of Smoking and alcoholic beverages.
The main symptoms of developing osteoarthritis
Patients at the diagnosis of degenerative disc disease complain of persistent pain in the spine, often accompanied by numbness and pains that are felt in the limbs. In the absence of treatment is weight loss and human signs of atrophy of the limbs.
The most characteristic symptoms of osteoarthritis:
- the emergence of aching pain in the spinal column, feeling aches and numbness in the extremities;
- increased pain with sudden movements, exertion, coughing or sneezing;
- reduced physical activity and spasmodic phenomena in the muscles of the back.
If you experience cervical degenerative disc disease observed pain in the upper limbs, headaches, noise may occur in the head and dizziness. Often in the process of development of cervical degenerative disc disease of the type a syndrome of a vertebral artery. The cause of is an irritation of the vessel walls bone growths in the intervertebral joint as a result of arthrosis of the joint.
With the development of degenerative disc disease of the thoracic observed pain localized in the chest, most often in the cardiac region. When lumbosacral degenerative disc disease variant has been observed the occurrence of pain in the lower back, which are able to migrate to the rump and legs.
With spinal hernia felt acute pain, impaired sensitivity of the nerve roots. In addition, the person feels a weakness that occurs in the muscles, and decrease reflex activity.
To reduce the symptoms that occur in osteochondrosis, it is possible to apply the complex lessons of East gymnastics. As a rule, uses exercises related to yoga.
Yoga for the prevention and treatment of disease
The teachings of yoga are unique and ancient. The term «yoga» means «connect and submit» and comes from the root «jug» in Sanskrit. In a narrow sense, this concept means the concentration and direction of attention for the implementation of the impact force on the body as a whole or its individual organs. It is aimed at the improvement of the body.
The result of centuries of research was the formation of the system of psychophysiological training. Yoga involves a variety of techniques of breathing, concentration, attention and relaxation, physical and mental training, a variety of modes and methods of supply.
The classic version of yoga includes the 8 steps in the development of spiritual and physical components of the body on the path to self-realization. There are several different complexes and systems of yoga. These systems are interrelated.
During yoga osteochondrosis you can use complexes either as a whole or in parts. It is proved that yoga is good for health.
Many experts claim that yoga for the spine is an indispensable exercise for recovery. But you should know some important points. In the treatment of degenerative disc disease the main objectives of the body is the normalization of metabolic processes and the work of the back muscles. For this purpose are specific exercises that can successfully deal with the consequences of the condition. The movements used in gymnastics, allow minimum loading affected the muscles of the musculoskeletal system, gradually activating them.
Yoga allowed at any age. But to assume that the earlier a person starts classes, the smaller is the probability of developing disease.
Yoga osteochondrosis is having maximum positive effect on the lumbar muscles, preventing both the development of the disease, and the possibility of recurrence of the disease. Through the use of gymnastic exercises tendon acquire a high degree of flexibility and be the most mobile. Yoga osteochondrosis allows for partial correction of the spine and exercise muscle structures.
It’s safe to say that the use of gymnastics can successfully treat and prevent the development of disease. But be aware that the use of gymnastics in osteochondrosis has some contraindications.
Yoga: contraindications and recommendations
Yoga is not actively engaged in the period of sharp aggravation of degenerative disc disease. Prohibited sharp increase in the load on the body during gymnastics. It is not recommended to practice yoga in the postoperative period and the presence in the body of tumors of different nature.
In the case of chronic diseases it is forbidden to do gymnastics during periods of exacerbation. It is also forbidden to practice yoga in cases of deviation of the body temperature, the presence of anomalies of physical and mental development.
Yoga can be used as a means of system recovery. When doing gymnastics don’t expect quick positive dynamics, as the effects on the body is minimal and very dosed to prevent the occurrence of various additional disorders.
Yoga osteochondrosis increases the level of immunity and the immune system itself acquires good resistance to various negative impacts. You can use exercises to improve the condition as a disease area, and the human body as a whole.
In the treatment of osteoarthritis it is recommended to use specially designed exercises. Their implementation will ensure not only improved health, but also mood elevation.