Ultrasound of the ovaries: diagnostic features and preparation tips
One of the most informative, secure and accessible examination is ultrasound. Gynecological ailments this method of diagnosis usually comes as a team with various analyses. A doctor prescribes a woman an ultrasound of the ovaries in order to rule out or confirm any medical condition and to obtain a rough idea about her reproductive capabilities. The contours and shape of the ovaries, their size, and the number and quality of follicles, they produced, to determine the ultrasound.
Many patients are interested in, when is the best time to conduct this survey. The unambiguous answer to give difficult, it all depends on the reason why the gynaecologist referred you for an ultrasound. To visualize how the ovaries, the diagnosis of this organ is usually carried out two or three times.
When you need to hurry up with the survey?
As is well known, the ovaries – paired organ. Are the sex glands in women in the pelvis (near the uterus). They are «responsible» for ovulation and the creation of hormones, without which the reproductive function of women implemented. However, from the activity of the ovaries depends on the General condition of the ladies, even her mood.
Do not think that the reason for the referral for an ultrasound of the ovaries only become a significant problem for the health of the girl. An ultrasound study with the purpose of prevention. But most often, the doctor refers the woman for an ultrasound when there is suspicion that the ovaries are not okay. Concern about the normal functioning of the ovaries may cause such situation:
- Soreness of the abdomen in the patient.
- Heavy bleeding during menses.
- The changes in the breast (e.g., breast).
- Preparing for in vitro fertilization.
- The inability to become pregnant for a long time.
- Inspection before installing the intrauterine device.
In most cases, to understand whether the patient has pathology in the «female part», together with the ovaries and uterus are studied. Because ultrasound does not bear even a tiny risk to health to do this procedure several times during one menstrual cycle.
Three ways of diagnosis
There are three ways to check your ovaries using ultrasound:
- Transabdominal (in process research specialist leads the sensor on the abdomen of the patient). That the survey is as informative as possible, ladies should be to have a full bladder.
- Transvaginal. Ultrasonic transducer inserted into the vagina ladies. This kind of diagnosis of the ovaries is recognized as the most accurate.
- Transrectal (small sensor inserted into the rectum). This method of research is preferable for virgins.
Each method has its advantages. Early ultrasound of the ovaries was carried out only through the abdominal wall. But now this type of diagnosis is less popular. He is associated with a significant training women. Besides, transabdominal type of ultrasound can’t «see» the disease that only began to develop. He could detect a running disease, severe impairment, which changed the type and size of the ovaries.
Ultrasound with the use of transvaginal transducer gives a clear view of the follicular unit of the patient, the condition of the mucous membrane of the uterus, and many other important details. The only disadvantage of the procedure – slight discomfort (they are not all women).
Transrectal ultrasound method is used infrequently. But its information – at the right level.
What to do before the procedure
If to speak about preparation of the study, it can be different depending on the type of ultrasound. But these preparatory measures are not burdensome for women.
If you know that the ovaries are diagnosed by ultrasound through the abdomen, your training and within three days be reduced to the observance of a certain diet. You will need to stay away from beans, cabbage, black bread, raw fruits and carbonated beverages from all that can cause bloating. An hour before the examination it is important to fill the bladder (to drink about a liter of boiled water).
If you have an ultrasound of the ovaries with the introduction of the sensor into the vagina, the day before the procedure take the sorbents to avoid bloating. The bladder should be empty when you are in a diagnostic study. One more thing: for transvaginal examination need a condom (put it on the sensor).
Some patients are experiencing, does not hurt to do a transvaginal ultrasound. Introduced into the vagina, the sensor is quite small (and the procedure takes no more than fifteen minutes), so significant pain can not speak.
Preparing for a transrectal type of diagnostics is also fairly simple. It is important that a few hours before the procedure, the woman went to the toilet. The rectum should be emptied, because in it the doctor will enter the ultrasonic transducer. Therefore, it is desirable in the morning to do an enema and then go to ultrasound. From alcohol on this day should refrain. Drink plenty of water it is impossible – the procedure is done with an empty bladder.
How to define a good day?
Every lady wants to ultrasound examination of the gonads gave as much information as possible about the condition of that organ. The question arises, when is the best time to diagnose. Depending on what you need to examine the ovaries, the doctor will determine what period of the menstrual cycle you need to visit the office ultrasound.
To assess the structure and size of the genital glands, to exclude (or confirm) their pathology, the girl sent for an ultrasound immediately after her period ends – that is, from the fifth to the seventh day of the cycle.
To see how Mature the follicles in women to find out their number and also to estimate its reproductive potential, the gynecologist sends the lady on the diagnosis several times (one menstrual cycle). With infertility, as well as after treatment of hormonal preparations the woman doing the ultrasound on the fifth day of the cycle, then the ninth, then you have to choose any day from the eleventh through the fourteenth day, and the final procedure falls on the fifteenth day.
Someone «layered strategy» of diagnosis may seem too troublesome. But to find out what the chances of a woman becoming a mother (or to understand, did her recent treatment), it is better not to argue with the doctor and be tested in their assigned days.
Even if no complaints you have no problem every year conduct a survey of the sex glands and uterus. This will give you the confidence that any – even minor violations will be noticed at the time.
I’d see the doctor?
Those who are concerned about the health of their reproductive organs, I want to learn more about ultrasound. And, of course, many people are interested in that I would see a doctor, when the ultrasound will do the ovaries are available for viewing on the monitor.
The sex glands in women, are oval in shape. The normal ovarian volume of one – to twelve cubic milliliters. Its length is from thirty to forty millimeters, and the width varies from twenty to thirty millimeters. The normal thickness of a gonadal – to twenty-five millimeters.
Inside sex gland a lot of blood vessels and connective tissue. The outer layer of the ovaries – the place where an immature (primary) and Mature follicles. The follicle is a vial of liquid, «hiding» inside the egg.
To better understand that he sees a doctor, diagnosing the sex glands using ultrasound, it is worth remembering: for each phase of the menstrual cycle the norm is its «painting». In the beginning of the cycle are seen as small follicles (about ten). The middle of the cycle – time significantly stands out when the dominant follicle (he size). The final phase, which lasts until menstruation is known that in place of ovulation by a yellow body.
The ladies in the position of the ovaries become larger, change their location.
If something suspicious…
As is known, the ultrasonic diagnosis is carried out in hospitals and clinics, and in hospitals. There are situations when a woman came to the ultrasound with prophylaxis, and diagnosis showed that she had a sexual gland is the formation of unknown origin.
Most often it is a cyst – cavity with liquid inside. Despair, learning about this diagnosis, it is not necessary – cystic masses often disappear even without medication. Of course, it would be better if you will regularly be seen by a doctor.
Ultrasound also helps to identify polycystic ovaries, inflammation or a tumor. In case of any alarming situations, the gynecologist will certainly appoint additional research.