Variety of sore throat in children and adults: photo, one-sidedly, angina
What types of angina are there?
Angina affects patients of any age. Microbes living in the body of a healthy person, aktiviziruyutsya under favorable conditions: cold, fatigue, immunosuppression.
In Pediatrics disease is diagnosed in patients with poor diet, weak exercise, limited movement. A positive outcome depends on how correctly and on time the scheme was made treatment. To understand how to stop the symptoms of the disease, determine its etiology.
The concept and the causal relationship of angina
Acute tonsillitis or quinsy is a disease that leads to inflammation of the lymphatic pharyngeal ring, mostly of the tonsils, which perform the barrier function. Pathogens pathological process are gram-positive bacteria of the family of staphylococcal and streptococcal.
The preceding factors of development of acute tonsillitis are respiratory diseases, inflammation of the respiratory tract. Without medical participation, the pathology affects the healthy system, which could lead to malfunction of the heart and kidneys.
Severity, deformation of integrity of the tonsils acute tonsillitis is divided into primary, secondary, specific.
For reference! The causative agents of viral respiratory infection, transmitted by airborne droplets way, what is the cause of frequent infectious diseases of the larynx.
What types of angina affect children
Viral infection often affects children of preschool age. The disease progresses in the autumn-winter period, when there is a peak of colds. In warm time of the year to provoke anatomical changes of the lymph node is capable of cold drink or ice cream, swimming in the ponds.
On the form of acute tonsillitis can be judged by the area affected tonsils. Angina develops long-term period with the localization of lesions on the inflamed tonsils (acute) and without local changes (chronic).
Varieties of angina in children is represented by the following types:
- catarrhal. A common form of disease characterized by distinct symptoms in the first days of development. Kids complain of elevated body temperature, pain when swallowing saliva, food, General malaise, dryness in the throat. In children under 5 years, the disease is accompanied by a t more than 38°C, at an older age, the risk of low-grade indicator is reduced. On examination, the doctor diagnoses a slight increase and swelling mucosa pharynx, palate;
- lacunar. Is transmitted by airborne droplets. Characteristic is severe swelling of the lymphatic pharyngeal ring, the localization of loose white residue in the recesses on the surface of the tonsils, which removed a medical spatula without bleeding traces. The child becomes irritable, whiny, refuses to eat, because it is in pain even when swallowing saliva. Moderate intoxication is manifested headache, retching, feverish condition;
For reference! Germs get into the oral cavity upon contact with an infected patient, via his personal hygiene items, kitchen utensils.
- the follicular. Belongs to the category of purulent tonsillitis, is often the aggravation of the catarrhal sore throats. The tonsils and Palatine arc hipertrofiada, the follicles are harvested fluid, which can be seen through the mucous membranes. In the first days of the disease is accompanied by pain in the head and neck, occasionally giving in the ears, irritation of the cartilage surface of joints, muscle tremors, spasm of the cutaneous vessels. The temperature rises to 38-39°C, the meal is accompanied by severe pain;
- fibrinous. Has identical symptoms with lacunar and follicular tonsillitis. Complications manifest in the form of a white residue, which is beyond the boundaries of the Palatine arches. Film formation occurs when the connecting blood plasma with fibrin (high molecular weight protein fibrinogen). Layering localized in the region of the atrophied tissue of gaps;
- herpes. The causative agent – the virus Korsaka, the mechanism of transmission – alimentary (oral-fecal), the latent period lasts about 5 days. To recognize an infectious agent is possible by the formation of crowded vesicles throughout the oral cavity, the increased size of the lymph nodes. Symptoms resemble the flu, manifested by sore throat, discomfort in the abdomen. Complications of herpetic tonsillitis refers to the inflammation of the brain (encephalitis) and meninges (meningitis), disease of the heart muscle (myocardium).
Fact! In rare clinical cases in Pediatrics found abscess and ulcerative-necrotic tonsillitis.
Among young patients the most common fungal form of sore throat, which pathogen the fungus type of Candida. Diagnosed infectious disease in newborns and children of preschool age. The first thing is to take the parents to seek professional medical help.
Varieties of angina in adults
In adults, the disease also has several types, depending on the nature of the lesion of the tonsils. The most common and mild form submitted catarrhal tonsillitis is spread through airborne transmission.
Has no latent period, begins suddenly. Pain, compressing the throat, worse when swallowing saliva during the meal, may increase the temperature to 39°C and mild intoxication.
Lacunar and follicular tonsillitis have identical signs: hypertrophied tonsils covered with a purulent coating within the tonsils. Accompanied by retching, muscle spasms, headaches and joint pain.
In follicular form visible through the epithelium of follicles filled with fluid that form after the rupture of purulent plaque. Without treatment increases the risk of complications.
Fibrotic tonsillitis is a complication of lacunar or follicular tonsillitis, rarely appears as an independent disease. Features is the formation of yellow plaque in the whole of the larynx can cause inflammation of the brain.
Herpes type implemented through serous vesicles which break through for 3-5 days, sore throat, swollen lymph nodes, salivation, fever.
Abscess unilateral sore throat is often diagnosed in patients between the age of 20-45 years. The main distinguishing feature from other forms – economincally tissue swelling, redness of the tonsils.
Pathogens – streptococci, which are localized in cellular spaces space. For a pathological process characterized by:
- unpleasant smell from the mouth;
- loss of voice, scratchiness, hoarseness;
- compressing unilateral pain;
- increased body temperature;
- the formation of a purulent focus without defined boundaries.
On palpation the amygdala responds to pain, its surface is increased. Phlegmonous tonsillitis provokes a blood infection, cervical and abscess of the brain, meningitis.
Ulcerative-necrotic tonsillitis develops as a result of exhaustion, fatigue. Catalysts are neglected or not fully cured diseases of the oral cavity.
The therapist diagnoses the pathology at the presence of deep ulcers in the tonsils, which go deep into the mucous epithelium, unpleasant smell from a mouth. On the spot removal of fibrin remain bleeding traces. Death of tissue does not have clear boundaries, necrosis extends to the Palatine arch, uvula, posterior wall of the larynx.
For reference! With necrotic angina, possible mild form of stupefaction.
Syphilitic sore throat. Has no clearly defined symptoms, the first signs are similar to flu: education on oral mucosal papules and pustules. The pathological process develops slowly over 30-60 days.
Upon completion of the incubation period, the lymph nodes become inflamed and increase in size, appears on the tonsils, gummy tumor (syphiloma). Syphilitic tonsillitis there are 3 forms:
- papular. Localization is characterized by papules on the tonsils, language;
- erythematous. Blood in excess is supplied to the capillary vessels, as a result — abnormal redness of the larynx;
- pustular-ulcerative. A distinctive feature is the formation of pustules that later ulcerate.
Sluggish for pathology inhibits the treatment, the consequences of the time lost can be the Central nervous system, syphilitic glossitis (inflammation of tongue), malfunction of internal organs.
To understand the symptom, to determine the etiology of the disease is possible by photo and name of the varieties of sore throats in adults and children.
Every body is different and tolerates the actions of conditionally pathogenic microorganisms, therefore, the therapeutic scheme should be drawn up with the participation of medical personnel on the basis of patient history, especially when it comes to the health of young immature body.