Vasoconstrictor nasal drops for adults and children: list of drugs
What are vasoconstrictor nose drops?
One of the most unpleasant manifestations, indicating the development of colds and allergies, a runny nose. And despite the fact that the occurrence of snot and nasal congestion is quite a common phenomenon, treat it it is mandatory. Otherwise can develop serious complications, often manifesting in the form of an independent disease, such as sinusitis, sinusitis and so on.
In addition, violation of nasal breathing may result in inadequate supply of oxygen to the body, and in particularly severe cases might suffer the brain. Treatment of the common cold involves a complex approach. To address the core symptoms use drops for the nose, have vasoconstrictor and anti-inflammatory effect. To details to understand, it is advisable to have an understanding of data classification of medicines.
Features of use of vasoconstrictive drops
The use of vasoconstrictor sprays and nose drops for children and adults supposes a strict compliance with the rules described in the instructions for use, as well as medical recommendations. The duration of therapy and the appointment of doses depend mainly on the age category of the patient, features of his body and the stage of the disease. The treatment regimen described in the attached instructions in detail.
It should highlight the main features of the use of vasoconstrictor drugs:
- The course of treatment should not be more than 7 days.
- You cannot use drugs more often 4 times a day exceed recommended dose.
- Optimum is a three-day period of treatment, which excluded the addiction to the drug.
Advantages and disadvantages
The main advantage of vasoconstrictive drops in that they allow just a few minutes to stop a runny nose. This is because their components have an active effect on the receptors of the olfactory organ with its location in the nasal mucosa. Vasoconstriction helps to reduce nasal congestion, release of the nasal passages and normalize breathing through the nose.
A significant drawback of these drugs is addictive, with the result that their effect is reduced and it is necessary to reduce the intervals between treatment. In some cases, the effect may be lost completely. In this situation it is recommended to change to other drops.
Anyway, the blood vessels constrict under the influence of drugs, and then after a time the mucous membrane swells and swells again. Failure to follow the dosage often leads to a worsening of the situation, that is to increase swelling.
Vasoconstrictors nose can only temporarily relieve the patient’s condition and do not have a therapeutic effect. Against the background of their application it is advisable to carry out a comprehensive treatment of colds or runny nose.
Indications for use
Indications for the use of nasal drugs with vasoconstrictor spectrum of action are:
- the appearance of the nozzle;
- rhinitis: vasomotor and allergic origin;
- inflammation of the maxillary sinus of varying severity.
Like any other drug, vasoconstrictor drops have their contraindications. These include:
- intolerance of one of the components of the drug;
- glaucoma any degree of severity;
- atrophic form of rhinitis;
- disease heart plan: tachycardia, hypertension;
- violation of the endocrine system: hyperthyroidism – thyroid disease characterized by increased hormonal production.
In some cases, the use of vasoconstrictor drops increases the risk of developing side effects. The most common of them are:
- the development of allergies;
- dryness of the nose;
- irritation of the mucous membranes;
- the pressure change in a big way;
- the development of arrhythmias;
- the occurrence of headaches.
Which is better: sprays or drops?
Where possible it is best to use a vasoconstrictor spray products: the desired effect can be achieved at a lower dosage. They also use a random probability of overdose is minimized.
If you experience dependence on drugs vasoconstrictor action, it is recommended to seek the assistance of the audiologist, as well as their own to cope with it can be quite difficult.
Group of vasoconstrictive drugs
All vasoconstrictor drops intended for the treatment of rhinitis fall into three groups characterized by different duration:
- short-term, up to 6 hours;
- mid-action, at least 8-10 hours;
- long-acting, in which the therapeutic effect is less than 10 hours.
Part drops take short-term actions may include the following active components:
- phenylephrine — Nazol Bebi, Vibrocil, Polideksa;
- naphazoline — Sanorin, Naphazoline;
The onset of therapeutic effect after application of these drops occurs within 5 minutes after instillation. However, after a couple hours of nasal congestion again.
Drugs middle of the action
The active components of these drops and sprays are:
Today in pharmacies can find drugs in this group, which consists of Xylometazoline:
- Tizin Ksilo;
Preparations made on the basis of tramazoline:
- The nose;
- Mucosolvan Reno;
Nose drops long-acting is practically non-addictive. Active component of medicines this category is Oxymetazoline.
The most popular among them are:
- Rint menthol;
The choice of drug is best entrusted to a specialist who will diagnose and prescribe the appropriate treatment depending on the age and individual characteristics of the patient.
What vasoconstrictor drops can drip children?
Treatment of rhinitis in children differs significantly from treatment in adults. Regarding the use of vasoconstrictor drops, for some of them provides a different dosage and concentration, and some of them can only be used after a certain age.
A list of vasoconstrictor nose drops for kids:
- babies under one year — Nazol Bebi, saline nasal spray, Xylitol, Otrivin Baby, Cold Sensitive, Dlyanos, Vibrocil;
- than 1 year — Naphazoline;
- over 2 years — Rinorus, Sanorin, Galazolin, Rinonorm, Tizin Ksilo, Snoop, Nazol kids, Nasik, ksimelin, Tetrizolin;
- 2.5 years — Polideksa;
- with 6 years Otrivin, Children, Immediately, a Touch of Aqua.
Allergies, respiratory infections, development of inflammatory processes in the nasopharyngeal region leads to swelling of the nasal mucosa. Breathing through the nose such children is difficult, they start breathing from the mouth, the main symptoms may be accompanied by a whistling, gurgling and snoring at night.
As a rule, to cope with the disease helps plenty of warm drinks and vasoconstrictive nasal drops.
The use of vasoconstrictor drops during pregnancy
Nasal congestion during pregnancy – the phenomenon is extremely undesirable, in which the fetus may develop hypoxia. To treat runny nose in the provision of pregnancy only after advice from a specialist.
As for the vasoconstrictor drops, there are authorized drugs, including:
- I suffered;
Pregnant women should pay attention to people’s decongestants that can cope with edema. For example, it is advisable to use inhalation with the addition of essential oils to drip in a nose aloe juice, Kalanchoe, snowball or onion juice.
Nasal drops are the most convenient and quite effective for the treatment of rhinitis. Active medicinal components directly fall on the mucous membranes and are beginning to affect it. Their use eliminates the ingress of substances into the inner ear and provides quick removal of edema and inflammation.
The dosage of the drops is easy to adjust. In the pharmacy network today, you can find a large assortment of drops from a cold for a relatively inexpensive price. However, not to be mistaken with a choice, it is advisable to understand which of them are effective in a particular case.
Vasoconstrictor drops do not have a therapeutic effect, but only temporarily relieve nasal congestion and reduce the formation of mucus. In addition, they inhibit the effects of the other drug drops with simultaneous application. Therefore, the treatment of different drugs should be conducted with a forty-minute interval.
Owing to the above reasons, it is not recommended to resort to self-treatment, especially if the runny nose lasts more than 7 days. In any case encouraged to seek the appointment of Laura, who will be able to find you the very vasoconstrictor nose drops.