Vasomotor rhinitis: what is the procedure, indications, contraindications, rehabilitation
How is surgery for vasomotor rhinitis?
Inflammation in the region of the nasal cavity without acute symptoms and deterioration of health, called vasomotor rhinitis. But the lack of features characteristic only for the initial stage of the cold. With the progression of rhinitis, the patient begins to torment constantly stuffy nose, lack of nasal breathing, pain in the head and other signs. When applying for medical assistance doctors-otolaryngologists prescribe conservative treatment, but its inefficiency is assigned to the surgical treatment of vasomotor rhinitis.
Surgical intervention should be prepared and long-term treatment, when vasoconstrictor and hormone drugs are no longer perceived by the body. Operation in this rhinitis is the only option for a successful recovery without any dangerous effects.
Signs and symptoms of vasomotor rhinitis
The most common kind of rhinitis is vasomotor rhinitis. It occurs in people regardless of age and habits. The absence of nasal breathing and a constant stuffy nose, accompanied by abundant mucous secretions are the main symptoms of vasomotor rhinitis.
This type of rhinitis is accompanied by a feeling of a foreign object in the nasal cavity. Such signs are the patient on the nerves and quite strongly reduce the patient’s quality of life.
In the first days of inflammation, the patient may not feel the symptoms or confuse them with the usual rhinitis.
But after a few days, and sometimes weeks, the patient displayed signs of intoxication, disturbed sleep and loss of appetite.
At the same time the patient is forced to breathe only through the mouth because of nasal congestion only progresses. Other symptoms of rhinitis include:
- persistent nasal congestion;
- the complete absence of nasal breathing, mouth breathing;
- profuse discharge from the nose;
- the narrowing of the blood vessels;
- the selection of transparent secret;
- education snoring;
- constant fatigue;
- pain in the head;
- low blood pressure;
- fear of light, tearing, pain in the eye sockets.
To determine the stage and type of inflammation, with the help of a doctor. After examination, the audiologist identifies the degree of inflammation and localization, and defines how seriously swollen mucous nasal cavity.
When vasomotor rhinitis it is necessary to identify the presence of a deviated nasal septum.
The exact diagnosis can only be made after collecting the history and analysis of symptoms. In addition, the specialist should undertake a detailed examination using endoscopy and x-rays. If the survey showed an extremely running phase, patient is prescribed urgent surgical intervention.
How is surgery for vasomotor rhinitis
If the patient was diagnosed with vasomotor rhinitis, the surgery in most cases is considered the only way out. It is believed that surgical intervention in this type of rhinitis only effective method. It allows you to get rid of sharp signs of inflammation and restore function of the respiratory tract.
Immediately after surgery the patient recovered nasal breathing and eliminate all mucus discharge, pain and other symptoms of rhinitis.
During the operation, the patient removes the most subtle plexus in the mucosa of the nose.
It is because of them is the inflammation of the nasal cavity, and with proper elimination of the cause, the patient returned basic functions. After their removal, restoring the nasal cavity and nasal breathing.
Such operation is considered to be one of the most successful and less traumatic.
During the procedure, the patient manifested no bleeding and no risk of infection of the nasal cavity. If after surgery the patient will comply with the basic rules of prevention vasomotor rhinitis for a long time will disappear from the patient’s life.
The whole procedure takes about twenty minutes, but the operation itself is performed under local anesthesia. After the removal of the thin plexus in the mucosa of the patient should be under medical supervision even for one hour, followed by additional screening. Using rhinoscopy the doctor checks the risk of complications.
Special risk after surgery is not observed. But it is necessary to understand the impact on the lining of the cavity causing a violation of the integrity of blood vessels. After surgery, the patient may form scars. This process occurs due to the impact on the delicate and sensitive mucous cavity part.
Scars are not dangerous to the health of the patient, but can cause nasal congestion in a small amount of time.
When the operation can not be carried
Vasomotor rhinitis can lead to serious complications. Most often this inflammation triggers the occurrence of a constant pain in the head and nasal congestion. In addition, the patient appears snoring, the abundance of mucous secretion, and weakness.
Respiratory failure leads to a lack of oxygen, which is fraught with consequences for the brain and nervous system functions.
While these signs cannot do without surgery, but before its implementation is necessary to ensure that the patient has no acute contraindications. These include:
- feeding the baby breast;
- violation of blood coagulability;
- infectious inflammation;
- exacerbation of chronic diseases;
- acute inflammation in the upper respiratory tract;
- psychological disorders.
Specialist must figure out the nuances at the stage of diagnosis. In this case, the operation is assigned after the elimination of these factors.
The efficiency of the operation depends on the skill and experience of your physician. Before surgical intervention it is necessary to ensure the competency of a specialist. After surgery, the patient must follow all the rules of prevention and to monitor their health more carefully.
The rehabilitation period lasts about seven days. At this time you need to take vitamins and supplements, as well as to rinse the nasal cavity with saline solution and avoid the formation of crusts. To do this, lubricate the nasal cavity oils and ointments prescribed by your doctor. In addition, the rehabilitation includes inhalation.
Immediately after surgery and for two weeks after, the patient is contraindicated in any physical activity, Hiking in the bath or sauna, and drinking alcohol.