Vasotomy inferior turbinates: radio wave, what it is and the consequences
What is azotemia inferior turbinates?
Nasal breathing ensures proper functioning of all internal organs and systems of the human body. Any pathological changes in the respiratory system, including the olfactory organ may cause serious disorders, leading to malnutrition of the brain.
In addition, the air mass no longer to warm up properly, not enough cleanses and moisturizes, but the quality of human life is greatly reduced. If nasal congestion patients experience significant discomfort and are forced to breathe through the mouth.
What is hypertrophy of turbinates
One of the most common abnormalities of the turbinates is hypertrophy, which occurs in the development of vasomotor rhinitis, especially if the disease becomes chronic.
Growth of fibrous tissue in the nasal cavity may be due to a number of other reasons. Sometimes the pathology develops when the violation of the functional characteristics of the endocrine system due to hormonal changes. Most often this phenomenon is observed in adolescents.
At the moment there are two forms of hypertrophy:
In most of the cases affected the lower part of the turbinates. Although in some cases the pathological process extends to the middle part of the nasal cavity.
The epithelial tissue of the sinuses is provided with a mesh of blood vessels, the expansion and contraction which occurs due to the capillaries. If this process is disturbed, the mucosa of the nose begins to swell and grow.
This leads to hypertrophy of the mucosa of the sinuses, along with which often develops deformity of the nasal septum. Narrowing of the nasal passages leads to the fact that the air through the nose is not supplied in sufficient quantity. Such patients may appear shortness of breath.
The mucous membrane of the nose due to proliferation and hypertrophic changes becomes uneven and strongly increases in size. This condition can be regarded as critical and requires medical intervention.
The radical method, with which you can quickly to rectify the situation is to azotemia the turbinates of the nose which in essence is a surgical operation aimed at removing overgrown epithelium to liberate the nasal passages and normalize breathing.
What is azotemia inferior turbinates
Vasotomy inferior turbinate is a surgical procedure aimed at the removal of polosnyj formations and proliferating epithelium of the nasal mucosa, and the elimination of adhesion processes.
With the help of vasotomy able to achieve a positive result, which is fixed permanently. Surgical technique involves conducting the dissection of the epithelium between the periosteum and the nasal mucosa to minimize the content of blood venous plexuses. As a result of these manipulations eliminated the swelling, the nasal congestion disappears, decreases activity of glands, mucosal tissues are reduced, exempted sinks and nasal passages.
This method is effective and less traumatic, when it completely eliminated the bleeding.
The operation normally given around 10 minutes. Modern clinic equipped with all the necessary equipment and tools. During the operation used the latest technology.
During azotemia can be made by cutting off or destruction of excess breast tissue, incision of the vascular wall, as well as applied the method of laser coagulation. The monitoring operation is performed using endoscopic equipment.
Surgical intervention involves either both nostrils or one of them. Bilateral vasotomy is used most often, as the defeat in chronic rhinitis exposed to both sinks.
Indications for vasotomy
The conduct of vasotomy is hypertrophy of the turbinates of the nose, the occurrence of which is determined by a number of reasons.
The main factors contributing to the development of stagnant phenomena in the vasculature, are diseases of the nasal cavity, bearing the inflammatory nature.
The negative effect of ailments leads to the same result, regardless of etiology.
When developing chronic rhinitis, the blood vessels are stretched and lose their elasticity. In the result, the patient has persistent swelling and decreased nasal breathing until he disappeared. The manifestation of these signs and severe hypertrophy is drug therapy. In the case when it is ineffective, it is advisable to resort to azotemia inferior turbinate.
Absolute indications to operation are:
- disturbed nasal breathing;
- different forms of rhinitis (vasomotor, allergic, mixed).
The types of azotemia
There are several methods of azotemia that differ in the way the impact on the fibrous tissue:
- radio wave;
The surgery is performed with surgical scalpel. In this case, it is assumed the use of local anesthesia. The mucosa of the nose lubricated with a solution of 5% cocaine. Turbinate should be subjected to infiltration. To do this, use 1% lidocaine.
Sometimes patients do the injections. Before the operation the patient’s face covered with sterile cloth, leaving a slit for the nose.
The duration of the instrumental azotemia varies from 30 minutes to an hour. It depends on the degree of complexity of the operation and neglect process. After the anaesthesia takes effect, the surgeon makes a small incision in the mucosa to the gripper, which useprivate too overgrown tissue of the mucosa. At the site of the plexus of vessels formed scar formation.
Laser vasotomy inferior turbinates is performed when the patient is in a supine position, his hands and legs are fixed. Thus eliminated all unnecessary movements.
The face is treated an ordinary medical alcohol, and his eyes closed with a bandage.
Before azotemia use local anesthesia for the nose turundy soaked in a solution of the analgesic.
Laser-processed the entire nasal mucosa. In this case, is not the shape of the vessels and their sealing. The operation is monitored using a special mirror that is inserted into the nasal cavity. The process of laser treatment is not painful: you may feel slight tingling. Tamponade after surgery is not provided, since the manipulation bloodless.
Currently used method of point or continuous radiation. The first method is less traumatic, and more effective. Which one to choose in a particular case, decides rinehimer.
Vasotomy ultrasound submucosal inferior turbinate is performed in a specialized office under local anesthesia. The duration of surgery may vary from 5 to 25 minutes.
The method consists in the introduction under the mucous membrane of the waveguide, whereby is achieved the adhesion to damaged blood vessels. After the disintegration in the nose of the patient are inserted tampons. Nasal breathing is restored just a few days.
In this case, can be used as a General anesthesia and local anesthesia. The main condition for holding radio-wave vasotomy inferior turbinates – ensuring immobility of the patient.
The operation of the following: underneath the mucosa is injected with the probe tip, which is the radio wave exposure.
As a result of the resistance heats the tissue, after which it is destroyed.
When using the nonthermal energy of a certain frequency is cooled fibrous tissue. The result of the manipulation of the same.
In the postoperative period for 7 days it is necessary to clean the nasal cavity and wash it with a special solution.
Resection is performed by means of innovative development of a special device, equipped with a pump and pipes, one of which has a sharp point.
The method consists in cutting of the tissue to be removed, after which it remains released and the blood is sucked into the inner tube. After the operation inserted into the nostrils cotton swab for 30 minutes. This prevents bleeding.
It is scientifically proven that ultrasound, radiation and laser therapy are safe for the human body. These conclusions are based on modern research.
In some cases after vasotomy observed the following complications:
- the development of atrophy of the nasal mucosa (most often its occurrence is noted after exposure to laser);
- the inflammatory process, which is extremely rare;
- decreased sense of smell — a temporary phenomenon, which is caused by swelling;
- nasal congestion is an alarming symptom, indicating possible relapse;
- gradual formation of adhesions, a situation requiring re-intervention.
In order to avoid complications in the postoperative period is recommended to strictly adhere to the recommendations of the attending physician to care for the operated area.
Inflammatory diseases of the nose is suffering quite a large number of people. Treatment of rhinitis complicated by development of hypertrophic processes do not always lead to the desired result. Therefore, such patients would be useful to know what vasotomy inferior turbinate.