What is laparoscopy? Stages of the operation and features of
Laparoscopically referred to as diagnosis or operation, after which the patient is easily returned to a normal life, while receiving a minimum number of possible complications. What is the difference between traditional surgery and laparoscopic? In the first case, the doctor picks up the medical instruments and making the abdominal incision. The incision is usually performed from the womb to the navel, that is, it passes through the midline of the abdomen. Laparoscopy in gynecology is very popular. With its help doctors establish an accurate diagnosis to the patient. In most cases, the outcome of the procedure is positive. In addition to gynecology, and can be performed for the treatment of organs such as the stomach, intestines, gall bladder.
When should be performed the above procedure?
The abdominal incision do in the following cases: during severe internal bleeding; rupture of organs in the abdomen, female sterility, tumors of uterus and ovaries; treatment of ectopic pregnancy, etc. Laparoscopic procedure is not carried out: in a severe disease of the heart or blood vessels, in poor blood clotting and then, when the patient is in a coma; in hemophilia, acute or chronic renal failure.
Before the patient will undergo a special examination. This examination is very necessary. The patient passes the necessary tests that meet the criteria of a particular clinic.
How many surveys need laparoscopy? Planned laparoscopic surgery involves the survey as General and biochemical blood tests, urine tests, chest x-ray, HIV, syphilis, hepatitis b and C, a cardiogram. If the laparoscopic procedure requires an unscheduled intervention, then the doctor subject to the minimum list of tests.
Planned operation carried out in the first half of the day. Is directly dependent on the outcome of the operation. Per day to its conduct of the patient limit the intake of food in the evening. Also give him an enema. Before the procedure, the process is repeated.
How is laparoscopy?
The day of the appointment surgery the patient is forbidden to take food and drink liquid. Laparoscopic procedure is considered to be one of the gentle ways of operative intervention. During the operation the punctures are made, using special small instruments and small incisions are made the abdomen. The patient is administered General anesthesia, and gradually he falls asleep. Then connected the ventilator. Then the patient with a special gas inflate the abdomen. Due to this, the Clinician can move the instruments in the abdominal cavity without hitting the walls.
The surgeon takes the following tools: a laparoscope, a telepathic tube containing the lens system, to which is attached the camcorder. Now laparoscopy and the above-mentioned medical instruments equipped with a new digital sensor, which provides high image quality. After preparation of the patient for the upcoming procedure, the doctor takes the necessary medical tools and making the abdominal incision. If performed laparoscopy cysts, an incision is made in the lower abdomen.
Except for the small holes, the doctor makes one big incision. It is necessary for the introduction of the camcorder. This incision is made above or below the navel. After performing the necessary manipulations, the surgeon sees on the monitor scaled the image. Focusing on him, the doctor makes certain movements of the instruments.
How long is laparoscopic surgery?
By the time the operation laparoscopy, can take from 10 minutes to several hours. After completing the necessary manipulations, the surgeon removes the instruments from the patient’s abdominal cavity and releases the gas, which raised the abdominal wall. Then turn off the devices, and the patient after some time comes. The doctor checks the General condition and reflexes of the patient, after which he was transferred to the postoperative ward. In the first few hours after the procedure the patient is not allowed to drink liquid, in order to not start puking.
The recovery period
In most cases after laparoscopy man you have to get up in the evening after the surgery. To check out the patient you can — with good health and positive dynamics after a week. After laparoscopy, as well as after any surgery, there are risks of complications, because sometimes the outcome is unclear. Their appearance is connected with possible errors of a physician, General condition of the patient; what software was used etc. Its outcome can cause a variety of complications, among which stands out the formation of blood clots, blow-up of fiber carbon dioxide, etc. After laparoscopic surgery can cause bleeding, the duration of which may be about 3 weeks.
How much time it is impossible to wash after the operation? After discharge and returning home, the former the patient is allowed to shower, but there is a special, waterproof sticker, which protects the abdominal incision. If it is not available, then bandage watering is not necessary. To swim and bathe after 2 weeks, after the stitches are removed.