What is septoplasty nose: correction of the nasal septum

What is septoplasty the nasal septum?

Deformation of the nasal septum according to medical statistics there were more than 75% of the population. Often it does not create discomfort, but in certain cases required surgical intervention.

Septoplasty is indicated in patients suffering from a constant runny nose, headaches and colds. Depending on the type of a deviated nasal septum, surgery can be performed in three ways. The duration of the rehabilitation period depends on the type of procedure.

What is septoplasty of nose

Septoplasty is an operation which is carried out for correcting the location of the shape of the nasal septum. It is not assigned to correct aesthetic defects, and on health indicators. In exceptional cases, it may be combined with rhinoplasty, for example, when due to the curvature of the cartilage changes the shape of the nose.

Thanks to the septoplasty, patients normalizes nasal breathing, disappearing problem with ENT diseases, caused deformation of the septum.

After a septoplasty, there is a decrease in the frequency of incidence of various infectious diseases.

  • SARS;
  • rhinitis;
  • pharyngitis;
  • sinusitis.

The types of septoplasty

Depending on the type of curvature and individual characteristics of the patient septoplasty may be done by three methods:

  • endoscopic;
  • laser;
  • ultrasonic.

The choice of method of reconstruction of the nasal septum depends on several factors. One of them is the presence of contraindications. So the doctor pays special attention to the individual characteristics of the patient, tolerability and cause deformation.

Endoscopic

The positive side of this method is that after the procedure, there remains on the face visible scars.

The operation is performed on nasal mucosa. In the case where the deviated septum was not the cause of the injury, its integrity during the operation is stored.

The surgeon removes only the tissue that impede the correct positioning of the septum.

The duration of the procedure usually takes no more than 40 minutes. Correction of the nasal septum endoscopic method is carried out using local anesthesia or General anesthesia.

Laser method

The operation is performed using a high precision laser. Before the procedure, the patient is administered local anesthesia. The change of the nasal septum occurs within half an hour. The laser method is the complete absence of scars or marks. The recovery period is fairly quick and the patient does not experience discomfort or discomfort.

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After surgery not need to be under medical supervision in the hospital and after the expiration of anesthesia, the patient may be sent home. In addition to use turundy (special swabs for the nose) is not necessary.

Laser way to correct deformation of the cartilage is not suitable for all patients. Contraindications the main contraindications include the presence of not only the curvature of the cartilage, and surrounding tissue.

Ultrasonic method

The operation is performed with ultrasonic knife takes an average of 40 minutes. The patient before the procedure is administered local anesthesia. The method is bloodless and has a small rehabilitation period. Ultrasonic septoplasty eliminates the ridges and spikes that caused the deformation.

Indications for surgery

The operation is prescribed to patients who have curvature of the cartilage causes discomfort and affects quality of life.

The indication for the operation of septoplasty are:

  1. Nasal congestion chronic forms. Can occur with one or from two sides. In this case, the patient may breathe through the mouth.
  2. A constant runny nose. There have been frequent discharge from the nasal cavity. Runny nose after septoplasty is often without the use of drugs.
  3. Headaches.
  4. Cosmetic defect. The doctor can appoint carrying out septoplasty if there are any changes in the shape of the nose (hump, depression).
  5. Decreased sense of smell.
  6. Constant feeling of dry mouth. As a result of abnormal arrangement of the partitions is disturbed breathing process, which leads to drying of the mucosa.
  7. Heavy snoring during sleep. A common cause of snoring is a deformity of the partition, to get rid of only by means of surgical intervention.
  8. Nosebleeds for no reason.
  9. Fatigue and weakness or drowsiness. Can result from disorders of respiratory rhythm. The body is not getting enough oxygen.
  10. Chronic respiratory diseases.

The indication to perform the septoplasty can be as well an allergic reaction, which develops asthma.

Contraindications

Procedure to restore the nasal septum has no specific contraindications.

The operation is not assigned to patients:

  1. At the age of 50 years since the partition is beginning to dwindle, which leads to restoration of airflow through the nasal cavity.
  2. In the age of 16-18 years. During this period the person remains the growth of cartilage and bone. Therefore, the operation becomes useless.
  3. With chronic or acute respiratory diseases.
  4. With established mental disorders.
  5. Women during menstruation and during the first week after its completion.
  6. In the presence of clotting disorders.
  7. Diagnosed with tuberculosis.

Attention! The operation is not be performed in patients with severe atrophy of the tissues of the nasal septum.

The preparatory phase

Before the procedure the patient may need to undergo examination to identify contraindications:

  1. Chest x-ray. Is assigned to exclude the presence of tuberculosis.
  2. The analysis of urine.
  3. The x-rays.
  4. Clinical analysis of blood.
  5. Analysis of the RH factor and group.
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Also assigned to the tests for syphilis, hepatitis, HIV, and prothrombin. Patients before surgery are required to visit a plastic surgeon. This is necessary in order that the doctor picked up the type of anesthesia and medicine.

The progress of the operation

Before surgery, the patient is administered General or local anesthesia. After the drug began to act, the surgeon makes incisions in the mucosa of the nasal cavity to gain access to the partition. All of the soft tissue separating.

The doctor then corrects the curvature of cartilage. In some cases the extraction of fragments, which create obstacles to the normal location of the partition. However, remote be cartilage reimplantation.

At the end of the procedure sutured, and the nasal passages are inserted into special pads and secured with a bandage.

The duration of the procedure depends on the method of reconstruction of the nasal septum.

The period of rehabilitation and prevention of complications

Within a few days after surgery in the nasal passages inserted special turundy.

After septoplasty the nose doesn’t breathe as tampons block the air flow.

In modern clinics, they are replaced with silicone and are different from the gauze sponges that have special channels that allow to keep breathing through the nose.

After removal turundae the doctor examines the nasal cavity to control condition. Depending on the method of operation may cover the incision. While the patient is in the hospital under observation, their removal is the medical staff. The procedure is performed with care to avoid damage to the mucosa.

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During the period of rehabilitation can be prescribed anti-inflammatory drugs and analgesics. To prevent the development of infectious diseases is shown taking antibiotics.

Recovery partition the laser method does not require a long rehabilitation period, as characterized by low invasiveness.

After discharge, the patient may need some time to consult with Laura in the clinic by place of residence. In cases where labour activity is not connected with heavy physical loads, sick leave will be closing in 10-14 days after discharge.

To avoid complications, it is necessary to refrain from visiting baths and saunas, limit stay out of the sun, avoid hot food and drinks. Also not recommended more exercise.

Possible complications

Complications after septoplasty manifest themselves in exceptional cases. These include:

  • formation of hematoma;
  • inflammation of the mucous membrane;
  • sinusitis, frontal sinusitis;
  • decreased sense of smell;
  • the formation of adhesions in the nasal cavity;
  • bleeding from the nose.

Thus, the reconstruction of the nasal septum can be shown not all patients. Unlike rhinoplasty, septoplasty is performed for patients whose curvature was the cause of the occurrence of various diseases and reduced quality of life.

The operation has no specific contraindications, which gives an opportunity for many patients to get rid of some of the problems caused by deformation of the nasal septum. Depending on the procedure, the recovery period takes no more than 14 days from the date of discharge from the hospital. After working some time, it is recommended to limit physical activity to avoid the development of complications.