What is the danger of sinusitis: can lead to if not treated
Many factors can provoke the manifestation of such diseases as sinusitis. What can cause a late appeal to the doctor, and what complications are worth waiting for, if not treated?
What is sinusitis and how dangerous it is
Maxillary sinusitis (sinusitis) is an inflammation in the same sinuses.
This disease affects all age groups, the main cause of the disease which are bacterial or viral infection. In most cases, sinusitis is confused with ordinary colds because the symptoms are almost identical:
- difficult breathing and swelling of the mucous;
- pain in the region of the skull;
- high body temperature;
- weakness in the body and of illness.
Insidious sinusitis lies in its surprise and hidden occurrence of symptoms. These characteristics are inherent in the acute type of the disease. Chronic sinusitis in turn is a consistent and derived from the acute form, which promptly tried to treat.
Regardless of the form of the disease, primarily affects the nasal mucosa, which subsequently leads to disruption of air circulation. There is swelling, begins to stagnate purulent exudate.
The composition of this fluid has fragments of necrotic tissue and the vast majority of the destroyed leukocytes, which is a perfect environment for the development of pathogenic microorganisms.
Harmful waste products of pathological microflora, along with blood and lymph are circulated throughout the body that can cause inflammation in other organs.
Important! Chronic sinusitis is the most dangerous to humans. It would seem has reached the stage of remission, but the slightest cold could again provoke a serious inflammatory process, accompanied by severe pain.
Answering the question: dangerous to life sinusitis, the answer is definitely positive. For late treatment followed by serious complications, which often can not be cured.
Complications, what causes sinusitis
The totality of the manifestations of the disease presents a vast amount of consequences of sinusitis, the most common of which are:
- Rhinogenous complications (intracranial and orbital). Intracranial complications pose a more serious threat. About 10% of all pathological processes have to defeat the main organ of the Central nervous system (brain). The consequences, alas, a disappointing – every third case of death. The most common complication of sinusitis is meningitis. If a person feels strong pain, convulsions, the disorder of consciousness and hallucinations, need urgent hospitalization. Orbital complications can lead to swelling of the tissues of the orbit, inflammatory processes, bone formation and soft tissue of the orbit, which could result in loss of vision.
- Lesions of the organs of hearing in the form of acute or suppurative otitis media. Purulent otitis media may cause rupture of the tympanic membrane and hearing loss.
- Inflammation of the facial trigeminal nerve, accompanied by intolerable paroxysmal pain. This complication to be treated is quite long, from one to three months. Developing optic neuritis can cause paralysis.
Maxillary sinusitis can cause serious harm to the human immune system. As the residual effects after disease may experience frequent colds, acute respiratory infections.
Important! In case of prolonged runny nose, elevated temperature for a long time and are periodic, severe headaches, you should immediately contact an otolaryngologist.
The effects of sinusitis can spread to other body systems, the result of which may cause diseases such as:
- inflammation of the pharyngeal and Palatine tonsils (tonsillitis). Because of the shortness of breath and inability to breathe through the nose, one begins to draw breath through the mouth, which gives an additional burden on the tonsils;
- inflammation of the periosteum and the bony walls of the orbit. Long-term inflammatory process in the maxillary sinuses can go to the surrounding bone;
- the development of diseases of the lower respiratory system (pneumonia, asthma, bronchitis). Pathogens can penetrate the lower respiratory system, draining with purulent exudate in the wall of the nasopharynx;
- genitourinary infections (cystitis, prostatitis, etc.). Bacteria entering the systemic circulation, accumulate in the excretory duct by which urine from the renal pelvis enters the bladder, thereby provoking the development of unpleasant diseases;
- damage to the heart muscle, the myocardium. Most at risk elderly people;
- sleep apnea, characterized by repeated cessation of breathing during sleep for 10 or more seconds. This complication at least affects the quality of sleep and General well-being (lack of sleep, fatigue), cause hypertension and cardiac arrhythmia, as a maximum – cause death after another of not breathing.
Having considered the question, how dangerous is sinusitis, if not treated, it can be stated the fact that timely response to symptoms, immediate medical care and following the recommendations of a physician, will allow to avoid the complications of sinusitis.